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T7 certification - International Financial Reporting Standards for Compensation Professionals Updated: 2024

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Exam Code: T7 International Financial Reporting Standards for Compensation Professionals certification January 2024 by team

T7 International Financial Reporting Standards for Compensation Professionals

Test Detail:
The WorldatWork T7 exam, also known as "International Financial Reporting Standards for Compensation Professionals," is a certification exam that assesses the knowledge and understanding of international financial reporting standards as they apply to compensation professionals. This exam is designed for professionals who work in the field of compensation and need to be familiar with the financial reporting requirements and implications related to employee compensation. Here is a detailed description of the test, including the number of questions and time allocation, course outline, exam objectives, and exam syllabus.

Number of Questions and Time:
The WorldatWork T7 exam typically consists of approximately 75 multiple-choice questions. The time allocated for the exam is 3 hours. It's important to manage your time effectively to ensure you can answer all the questions within the given timeframe.

Course Outline:
The WorldatWork T7 certification course covers a range of topics related to international financial reporting standards and their application to compensation professionals. The course outline typically includes the following areas:

1. Introduction to International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS):
- Overview of IFRS and its significance in compensation management
- Comparison of IFRS with other financial reporting frameworks
- Key principles and concepts of IFRS

2. IFRS Framework for Financial Statements:
- Objectives of financial statements
- Elements of financial statements
- Recognition, measurement, and presentation of financial information

3. IFRS Requirements for Compensation Reporting:
- Recognition and measurement of employee benefits
- Share-based payment arrangements
- Disclosure requirements related to compensation

4. IFRS and Compensation-related Transactions:
- Accounting for performance-based incentives and bonuses
- Treatment of stock options and equity-based compensation
- Impact of IFRS on compensation-related expense recognition

5. Implications of IFRS for Compensation Professionals:
- Integration of financial reporting and compensation management
- Role of compensation professionals in ensuring compliance with IFRS
- Understanding financial statements and their relevance to compensation decisions

Exam Objectives:
The objectives of the WorldatWork T7 exam are to evaluate candidates' knowledge and understanding in the following areas:

1. Familiarity with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and their application to compensation management.
2. Understanding the IFRS framework for financial statements and its relevance to compensation reporting.
3. Knowledge of the specific requirements and treatment of compensation-related transactions under IFRS.
4. Ability to interpret and analyze financial statements to make informed compensation decisions.
5. Awareness of the role of compensation professionals in ensuring compliance with IFRS and maintaining accurate compensation records.

Exam Syllabus:
The exam syllabus for the WorldatWork T7 certification exam provides a detailed breakdown of the topics and subtopics that candidates should study. The syllabus may include:

1. Introduction to IFRS:
- Overview of IFRS
- Purpose and scope of IFRS
- Comparison with other financial reporting frameworks

2. IFRS Framework for Financial Statements:
- Objectives and principles of financial reporting
- Elements of financial statements
- Recognition and measurement of financial information

3. IFRS Requirements for Compensation Reporting:
- Employee benefits under IFRS
- Share-based payment arrangements
- Disclosure requirements related to compensation

4. IFRS and Compensation-related Transactions:
- Performance-based incentives and bonuses
- Treatment of stock options and equity-based compensation
- Expense recognition and impact on financial statements

5. Implications of IFRS for Compensation Professionals:
- Integration of financial reporting and compensation management
- Role of compensation professionals in compliance with IFRS
- Understanding financial statements for compensation decision-making

Candidates should refer to the official WorldatWork T7 exam resources for the most up-to-date and detailed information on the exam syllabus.
International Financial Reporting Standards for Compensation Professionals
Worldatwork International certification

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T7 International Financial Reporting Standards for Compensation Professionals
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The T7 T7 exam is a challenging exam that has handled with its comprehensive T7 dumps with real questions that will guarantee you pass this T7 exam at very first attempt! conveys you the most precise, valid and latest updated T7 exam questions with 100% pass guarantee. Attempt the T7 exam, you will not loose.
International Financial Reporting Standards for Compensation
Question: 80
Employee benefits that are payable after the completion of employment are considered
what kind of benefits?
A. Short-term benefits
B. Post-employment benefits
C. Termination benefits
D. Long-term benefits
Answer: B
Question: 81
Profit-sharing and bonuses are an example of which kind of employee benefits?
A. Short-term benefits
B. Post-employment benefits
C. Termination benefits
D. Long-term benefits
Answer: D
Question: 82
Which of the following most accurately describes the overall objective of financial
A. Provide information that is useful for decision making
B. Enable International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) to issue more useful and
consistent pronouncements
C. Enhance and organizations financial consistency over time as Board members change
D. To classify an organizations stakeholders as either internal or external information
Answer: A
Question: 83
In a defined contribution benefit plan, who assumes risk?
A. Employees
B. Employers
C. Both employees and employers
Answer: A
Question: 84
What are the changes in the present value of the defined benefits obligation that result
from experience adjustments or the effects of changes in actuarial assumptions called?
A. Net interest on the net defined benefit liability (asset)
B. Time value of money
C. Current service cost
D. Actuarial gains and losses
Answer: D
Question: 85
What are balanced sheets and income statements linked by?
A. Investing activities
B. Retained earnings
C. Expenses
D. Net income
Answer: B
Question: 86
What is the sum of current and noncurrent liabilities called?
A. Total cost
B. Current debt
C. Total expenses
D. Total liabilities
Answer: D
Question: 87
Companies desire more current assets than current liabilities. What is the difference
between current assets and current liabilities called?
A. Net income
B. Total liabilities
C. Net working capital
D. Noncurrent liabilities
Answer: C
Question: 88
Which of the following are ingredients of the fundamental characteristic of relevance?
A. Cost and materiality
B. Predictive value and confirmatory value
C. Relevance and faithful representation
D. Timeliness and understandability
Answer: B
Question: 89
Which of the following best defines the term liability?
A. A resource controlled by the entity as a result of past events and from which future
economic benefits are expected to flow to the entity
B. A present obligation of the entity arising from past events, the settlement of which is
expected to result in an outflow from the entity of resources embodying economic
C. Decreases in economic benefits during the accounting period in the form of outflows
or depletions of assets or incurrences of liabilities that result in decreases in equity, other
than those relating to distributions to equity participants
D. Increases in economic benefits during the accounting period in the form of inflows or
enhancements of assets or decreases of liabilities that result in increases in equity, other
than those relating to contributions from equity participants
Answer: B
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Worldatwork International certification - BingNews Search results Worldatwork International certification - BingNews Certificate vs. Certification: What’s The Difference?

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

Though many people use the terms interchangeably, certificates and certifications are not the same. Understanding the differences between certificates and certifications is helpful for all students. Comparing the two can be useful when browsing prospective programs and job requirements.

Pursuing a certificate or certification can be advantageous in the workplace, especially when it comes to increasing your salary and building your expertise. It’s important to know where your current employment status and your future goals lie when comparing certificate and certification programs.

What Is a Certificate?

A certificate is granted after completing an academic program of study. Certificates can be beneficial for individuals who are both early on in their careers and at more advanced stages, as the goal of a certificate is to acquire new and more specialized knowledge.

Sometimes categorized as continuing education or professional development, certificates are available in a variety of disciplines at most colleges and universities.

When Would You Earn a Certificate?

That’s up to you. Some mid-career professionals pursue certificates to enhance or acquire high-demand skills in the workplace. Other individuals who are seeking to change their careers or pivot into new roles might benefit from certificate programs to gain better knowledge of industry trends.

For those interested in graduate school, the knowledge gained in a certificate program can be a valuable prerequisite. This is especially the case if you earned your degrees in subject areas that are unrelated to your career pursuits.

It’s never too late—or too early—to earn a certificate. If it works with your budget and aligns with your aspirations, a certificate program might be a great next step toward shifting your career, accomplishing a professional milestone or getting a head start on a new degree.

How Is a Certificate Different From a Degree?

A certificate program is not the same as a degree program, though you can complete both at a college or university.

Usually requiring fewer credits than an associate degree, a certificate program involves a series of courses exploring the subject matter in a particular area of study. While a certificate might be an added bonus to your resume, it does not hold the same weight as a bachelor’s degree, which is a common requirement for many jobs.

Examples of Certificates

Certificates are widely available at most colleges and universities, though not all schools offer certificates in the same academic areas.

If you’re looking to earn a certificate in a particular area, try browsing by field. For example, the following institutions each offer a certificate program in graphic design:

Note that each program has its own timeline and unique set of courses. The time needed to complete a certificate will depend on the credit requirements of your selected institution.

What Is a Certification?

A certification is a professional credential that is earned through a professional training program or assessment. Completing a certification indicates a certain level of training or expertise in a given field.

When Would You Earn a Certification?

Certifications bring a number of advantages and benefits, including increased pay, potential promotions and professional expertise. Depending on your line of work, some companies may even cover the cost of a certification, as these credentials can bring value to the workplace.

Current job-seekers may need to explore certification programs, as these credentials are sometimes required for a role. For professionals who are already employed, a certification might still be necessary for upward mobility in their industry.

How Is a Certification Different From a Degree?

Professional organizations issue certifications through their provided training programs, while colleges and universities typically offer accredited degree programs. Certifications can be offered alongside or within academic studies, but it’s important to note that a certification is not a degree.

It should be noted that licensures, which are required by law for particular jobs—for example, psychologists and other therapeutic roles—are also distinct from professional certifications.

Examples of Certifications

Professional certifications provide cutting-edge training and best practices for individuals looking to get ahead in their organizations or fields. Available in virtually every industry, some examples include the following.

Frequently Asked Questions About Certificates

Is certification the same as a degree?

No. Certification is the result of completing a professional training program that enhances your existing skills or provides additional training in a given field. A certification program may entail continuing education units, similar to credits in a degree program.

Should I put certificates on my resume?

Absolutely. A completed certificate indicates content mastery and academic knowledge. If you’re applying for a different role or hoping to pivot into a new industry, a certificate in a given area may help you stand out in the candidate pool.

Should I put certifications on my email signature?

Yes. Certifications are professional credentials that indicate progress in your career. You can earn a certification after successfully completing extensive, industry-specific training. Some roles require specific certifications.

Mon, 01 Jan 2024 00:33:00 -0600 Ian Callahan en-US text/html
How To Get PMP Certification: Is PMP Certification Worth It?

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

Project Management Professional (PMP)® certification can make you stand out against the competition in the field of project management. If you’ve wondered how to get PMP certification, know that you must first complete work experience, training courses and an exam.

But is PMP certification worth it? In this article, we’ll explore what it takes to get certified, how much you might have to pay and how PMP certification can help you level up your project management career.

What Is PMP Certification?

Professional certifications verify your career skills and allow you to learn more about important concepts and industry best practices that can help in your day-to-day operations.

PMP certification is the most widely recognized in the world of project management. It’s available through the Project Management Institute (PMI), which publishes the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK). The PMBOK is the Holy Grail of knowledge when it comes to project management concepts.

PMP certification demonstrates a strong understanding of the concepts set forth in the PMBOK and other reference materials. This designation can help you distinguish yourself from your peers and gain respected credentials in your field. Along the way, you’ll learn about concepts like Agile, waterfall project scheduling, leadership and business management.

How to Sign Up for PMP Certification

The first step to earning PMP certification is to begin work in the field of project management. PMP certification requires months of work experience. Precise requirements vary depending on your level of education. If you have a bachelor’s degree, you’ll need 36 months of relevant project experience to qualify for the PMP credential. Without a degree, you must complete 60 months of experience.

If you have this work experience or are working toward it, the next step is to complete at least 35 hours of formal PMP training, also called “contact hours,” or hold a current CAPM certification. You can complete contact hours through a PMP certification course, which you may take online or in person. These courses take a few weeks to a few months to complete, and they teach the concepts you should understand before taking the PMP certification exam.

Below, we’ll discuss how to get a PMP certification in more detail, including prerequisites and PMP exam costs.

PMP Certification Requirements

You must accomplish a certain amount of professional experience and formal training before you qualify for PMP certification.

If you have completed high school or an associate degree but not a bachelor’s, PMP certification requirements are as follows.

  • 60 months leading projects
  • 35 contact hours

If you have a bachelor’s degree, you must complete the following before pursuing PMP certification.

  • 36 months leading projects
  • 35 contact hours

PMP Cost

Most PMP certification training programs (through which you can earn your contact hours) range in cost from around $300 to around $3,000. Courses offered through well-known colleges and universities tend to cost more, but many also offer for-credit programs that result in undergraduate or graduate certificates. Consider a program that holds GAC accreditation when searching for courses. Free PMP certification training is available through some resources, but usually only for short trial periods.

To sit for the exam, the cost is $405 for PMI members or $575 for nonmembers.

PMP Time Commitment

How long does it take to get PMP certification? The most time-consuming part of the PMP certification process is completing the required work experience. Start documenting your work experience as soon as you consider applying for PMP certification. Once you get that experience under your belt, the rest of the certification process involves studying and scheduling your test. The time spent on this step can vary depending on your schedule and study habits, location and testing center availability.

Most PMP certification training courses take only a few weeks to a few months to complete. After that, it’s up to you how much time you spend studying for the certification exam. Retakes cost $275 for PMI members and $375 for nonmembers, so it’s best to go into the exam as prepared as possible.

PMP Renewal Costs

Once you’ve passed the PMP exam, you must complete a certain level of continuing education to keep your certification active. The renewal fee, due every three years, is $60 for PMI members or $150 for nonmembers.

Is PMP Certification Worth It?

To determine whether PMP certification is worth it to you, weigh the costs of certification against the potential benefits. Since we’ve listed the costs of PMP certification above, you likely have a good idea of the investment you’d need to make to get certified. Now, it’s time to consider your potential return on that investment.

Benefits of PMP certification

  • Salary increase. PMPs in the U.S. earn about 32% more than their non-certified peers in project management.
  • Greater respect in the industry. The Project Management Institute is the leading organization for project management knowledge and the publisher of the PMBOK. Earning PMP certification through PMI carries lots of weight in the project management industry.
  • Greater career opportunities. Holding PMP certification should make you more marketable when it comes to looking for better or different positions in project management.

Consider Your Career

Are you looking to make a career change? Move into a higher role in your current team? In either case, PMP certification could be just what you need to level up your career. As part of the certification process, you’ll learn industry best practices that you can start incorporating into your day-to-day work life immediately.

Look at Earning Potential vs. Certification Cost

According to PMI, PMP-certified professionals in the U.S. earn a median annual salary of $123,000, compared to a median of $93,000 for their non-certified colleagues. This translates to a 32% salary increase for certified PMPs.

Multiply your current salary by 1.32 to estimate your potential PMP certification salary. You can then weigh that salary increase against the cost of PMP certification training and the PMP exam. This cost vs. benefit analysis can help you understand whether PMP certification would be worth it for you.

Mon, 11 Dec 2023 23:13:00 -0600 Christin Perry en-US text/html
9Pay obtains top international security certification

Established in 2018, 9Pay is a payment intermediary licensed by the State Bank of Vietnam.

Aiming to provide comprehensive payment solutions to customers, 9Pay is always focused on offering safe financial services and helping partners develop their businesses with peace of mind.

9Pay receives the highest level of PCI DSS certification. Photo courtesy of 9Pay

9Pay receives the highest level of PCI DSS certification. Photo courtesy of 9Pay

Nguyen Thanh Tung, 9Pay's PCI DSS project manager, said the company is very honored to receive such a recognition: "We will continuously upgrade our information security to be worthy of being a safe payment intermediary in Vietnam and elevate it internationally."

PCI DSS (Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard) is a globally recognized information security standard, a mandatory requirement for service providers like payment gateways and data centers, and is managed by five international payment organizations: Visa, MasterCard, American Express, Discover, and JCB.

PCI DSS is managed by the PCI Security Standards Council (PCI SSC) on behalf of those payment organizations.

CMC is a qualified security assessor certified by PCI SSC and is fully capable of and authorized to perform PCI DSS certification assessments.

Therefore, 9Pay chose to cooperate with CMC Cyber Security, a leading and reputable international certification assessment organization in Vietnam, to obtain the PCI DSS security certification. This is a clear testament to the quality of the security system at the 9Pay payment gateway.

The certificate is evidence of the quality of the security system of the Payment gateway 9Pay. Photo courtesy of 9Pay

The certificate is evidence of the quality of the security system of the Payment gateway 9Pay. Photo courtesy of 9Pay

To meet PCI DSS standards, businesses must fulfill 12 main groups of requirements with 182 detailed requirements, including 6 groups of goals, namely building and maintaining a secure network system, protecting payment card data, building and maintaining network security, developing intrusion control systems, monitoring and regularly assessing the system, and developing an information protection policy.

After 6 months of testing and evaluation, the 9Pay payment gateway was certified by CMC Cyber Security as meeting the 12 standards of PCI DSS.

The certification awarded to 9Pay is the latest version of PCI DSS, with stricter rules on data access, including multi-factor authentication, accepting additional designated subjects and executive management responsibilities.

At the ceremony, Ha The Phuong, CEO of CMC Cyber Security, emphasized the importance of the PCI DSS certificate for Payment gateway 9Pay. Through this, both parties have built trust and opened up comprehensive cooperation opportunities for ensuring the safety and security of customer information.

PCI DSS standard will help 9Pay expand cooperation domestically and internationally. Photo courtesy of 9Pay

PCI DSS standard will help 9Pay expand cooperation domestically and internationally. Photo courtesy of 9Pay

The award of the highest level of international PCI DSS security certification to the 9Pay payment gateway not only increases the credibility of the enterprise but also provides absolute peace of mind to customers who can make payment transactions without fear of card information leakage, ensuring a high level of security in processing large transaction volumes.

The PCI DSS certification will help 9Pay make strides in deploying new business projects and expanding cooperation with major partners domestically and internationally.

Furthermore, conforming to PCI DSS standards also enhances the overall security level of the information technology system, giving 9Pay a competitive edge over other payment intermediaries and offering customers the safest experience when using its services.

Sun, 24 Dec 2023 11:04:00 -0600 en text/html
Workshops and Training

Sharing technology without attending to the unique educational needs of students who are deaf does little to enhance the learning process for these young men and women. Therefore, using proven strategies that meet the educational needs of deaf and hard-of-hearing students, PEN-International offers workshops and training for faculty members from partner institutions as well as for professional educators around the world.

PEN is achieving its overarching vision to develop an international network that enhances and maintains local capability and global networking at each partner institution. Participant institutions have evolved from being importers of information to being self-sufficient providers to exporters of this technology. All of our partners have conducted their own training with faculty in their home countries.

Sat, 23 Dec 2023 10:00:00 -0600 text/html
Plantations International Receives PEFC Certification

BANGKOK, THAILAND / ACCESSWIRE / December 10, 2023 / Plantations International Thailand, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Plantation International Group of Companies, is very proud to announce that its mango plantation in Thailand has received the prestigious PEFC (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification) certification. This landmark achievement marks the first time a mango plantation in Asia has been recognized for its commitment to sustainable forest management practices.

Plantations International

The PEFC certification is a globally recognized symbol of sustainable forest management, ensuring that forests are managed in line with challenging environmental, social, and economic requirements. This certification reflects Plantations International Thailand's commitment to environmental stewardship, social responsibility, and economic viability. By adhering to the stringent standards set by PEFC, Plantations International ensures that its mango plantation not only contributes to the preservation of the environment but also supports the local community and economy.

For our clients, buyers and distributors, the PEFC certification is a guarantee of quality and sustainability. It assures them that the mangoes they are purchasing are grown in a plantation that prioritizes the health of the ecosystem and the well-being of its workers. This certification is particularly important in today's market, where consumers are increasingly conscious of the environmental impact of their purchases and are demanding more sustainable and ethically produced products.

The PEFC certification process involves a rigorous assessment of the plantation's management practices, including its approach to conserving biodiversity, its impact on the local community, and the economic viability of its operations. Achieving this certification is no small feat and is a testament to the hard work and dedication of the entire team at Plantations International Thailand.

"We are incredibly proud to be the first mango grower in Asia to receive the esteemed PEFC certification," said Gareth Cookson, COO of Plantations International. "This achievement underscores our unwavering commitment to sustainable practices and our dedication to providing our partners and consumers with mangoes that are not only delicious but also grown responsibly and demonstrates our leadership in sustainable agriculture practices. We are committed to maintaining the high standards required by PEFC and continuing to lead the way in responsible mango production."

As a leader in sustainable agriculture, Plantations International is committed to continuous improvement and innovation. With the PEFC certification now in place, the company will continue to strive for excellence in sustainable mango production, setting the standard for ethical and environmentally conscious practices in the region.

This achievement further solidifies Plantations International Thailand's position as a leading provider of premium, sustainably sourced mangoes. With its unwavering commitment to quality, sustainability, and ethical practices, the company remains committed to delivering the best possible products to its customers while protecting the environment for future generations.

Contact Information

Marvin Lee
Director of Communications
+852 5808 3775

Related Video

SOURCE: Plantations International


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Sun, 10 Dec 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Frederick Health Announces International Certification and Expansion

Healthcare system recognized for expanding access to newborn care and family resources

FREDERICK, Md., Dec. 13, 2023 /PRNewswire-PRWeb/ -- Frederick Health is pleased to announce that Family Connects Frederick County has achieved certification as a Family Connects International (FCI) Community Partner. This marks the shortest time from launch to certification in the history of this program.

Family Connects Frederick County offers support by providing each family with a 90-minute in-person visit. During the visit, nurses conduct a health and well-being assessment for the baby and the parents as well as provide resources tailored to the family's needs. Since it launched in early 2023, nearly 1,100 families have benefited from this service.

This program met numerous rigorous standards to obtain certification as a community health initiative. As this program continues to grow, we hope to accomplish the following positive outcomes in our community:

  • Mothers complete their 6-week postpartum visits at higher rates

  • Mothers 30% less likely to experience postpartum depression or anxiety

  • A reduction in the impact of race disparities for African American families

  • A 44% lower Child Protective Services investigation through age 2

  • A 50% reduction in infant emergency room visits over the first two years of life.

"We are making it easier for families with newborns to get support when and where they need it," said Pilar Olivio, Executive Project Manager of Family Connects Frederick County. "Through thoughtful implementation and successful teamwork, we look forward to offering this important program to more families."

Starting early 2024, Family Connects Frederick County will be expanding operations to serve all birthing families that reside in Frederick County, regardless of where they deliver.

"By expanding and improving our services, we continue to support our mission to positively impact the well-being of every individual in our community," said Heather Kirby, Vice President of Integrated Care and Chief Population Health Officer with Frederick Health. "More families are benefiting from these services, leading to a healthier community and more positive outcomes."

About Frederick Health
Frederick Health provides comprehensive healthcare services to the residents of Frederick County. The system includes Frederick Health Hospital, Frederick Health Medical Group, Frederick Health Employer Solutions, Frederick Health Home Care, and Frederick Health Hospice. Frederick Health Medical Group is a multi-specialty practice with more than 100 providers, 22 specialties and 25 locations across the county. The system has several ambulatory care locations, the freestanding James M Stockman Cancer Institute, four urgent care locations, and the Frederick Health Village. With 4,000 team members, Frederick Health provides a full spectrum of healthcare and wellness services to support its mission to positively impact the well-being of every individual in our community.

For more information on Frederick Health, visit

Media Contact
Joshua Faust, Frederick Health, 240-566-4816,,


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Tue, 12 Dec 2023 22:00:00 -0600 en-US text/html
What is 'elimination communication'? The international potty training method is having a moment

Bekah Martinez, a “Bachelor” alum and mom of three, got a lot of flack recently when she announced that her youngest son, Ernest Allison Leonard (“Nesto” for short), has been using a potty ... at 9 weeks old.

Martinez received a slew of outraged comments from parents in response to her Instagram Story. And to be completely honest, I thought the whole thing was a huge joke from a thirsty reality show personality who was being intentionally controversial (again).

As I started digging into the research on "elimination communication" (EC), which is what Martinez called the process, I was completely shocked to realize that this is a real potty-training method.

No, a 9-week-old baby cannot toddle over to the training potty, sit down and relieve themselves. That's not the goal of EC.

What is the elimination communication method?

Instead, parents tune into their baby's cues and position infants over a potty to "catch" the pee or poop as it exits their little bodies. At the same time, the parents will make a whistling or hissing sound. Eventually, baby will learn to hold their pee and poop until they're on the potty.

"It just makes biological sense," says Andrea Olson, founder of Martinez cited Olson's Instagram page as having good information for people who want to know more about EC. All six of Olson's children were out of diapers before their first birthdays.

"What mammal soils themselves in the wild consistently for years? Babies give cues for eliminating, just like they do for hunger, sleep and comfort," Olson tells

Elimination communication could have benefits, according to Rebecca Mottram, pediatric research nurse and potty training consultant at Little Bunny Bear. She says that using the potty instead of diapers saves money, reduces waste, virtually eliminates skin irritation, improves the baby-parent connection, lessens colic and promotes optimal bladder and bowel health.

At what age do other countries start potty training?

Many parents around the world use some form of EC, especially in places where disposable diapers are not commercially available. But American parents have embraced the use of diapers, even at older ages.

Michelle Swaney, CEO of The Potty School, says, "Parents in the U.S. are bombarded with a multibillion dollar industry with huge ad budgets that sell ideas that children are ‘happy’ to be in diapers and that there’s an ever-growing acceptance, and even encouragement, to start — and finish — potty training their children at older and older ages."

According to, U.S. parents typically start potty training their children between the ages of 2 and 3, and most children are diaper-free by age 4. But some children still need diapers at night. Almost a quarter of boys are not night trained by age 6.

However, babies in other countries around the world start potty training much earlier — sometimes before they can even walk.

Vietnamese parents use a whistling sound when infants pee in the potty; by 9 months, most babies knew the cue, and all 47 babies in one study were potty trained by 24 months, according to the “Journal of Pediatric Urology.” The “Iranian Journal of Pediatrics“ noted that kids generally said goodbye to diapers between 24 and 27 months. But what really blows my mind is a 1977 study in “Pediatrics“ that said the people of the East African Digo, primarily in Tanzania and Kenya, potty train infants by the time they’re 5 or 6 months old. I mean, I was still trying to get through the day when my babies were that young. I can’t imagine adding potty training to the mix.

Does elimination communication actually work?

Sure, early potty training can work in other countries, but I assumed it couldn't work in America — not with working parents and a lack of general childcare support.

Also, the doctors I spoke to didn't necessarily encourage EC.

Dr. Jenelle Ferry, neonatologist at Pediatrix Medical Group in Tampa, Florida, tells me that while some published studies suggest that EC leads to a decrease in risk for urinary tract infections, she warns that starting potty training too early may lead to potty problems (like "delayed bladder emptying") later on. Although EC isn’t “harmful,” the muscles that control the bowel and bladder are "dependent on brain development," so there is a wide range of appropriate ages to start potty training, Ferry says.

Dr. Whitney Casares, a pediatrician and founder of Modern Mommy Doc, does not tend to recommend EC, mostly for the mental health of parents.

"Parents with children under 1 year of age already have enough they need to learn and pay attention to," she says. "Adding elimination communication to the list of tasks parents need to perform can become, in my experience, an added source of anxiety — or frustration if their child does not take to it."

She recommends that children start potty training when they can understand the "urge to go," which usually occurs between 18 months and 3 years of age.

When I asked moms in my New York City area, a few of them said that they had used some form of EC with their kids.

May Lane, a birth doula, yoga teacher and mom of two, says, "When we could tell that our infants were relieving themselves, we would make either a hissing sound for pee or a humming sound for poop while simultaneously making the sign language gesture for bathroom."

When her kids could sit up, she placed them on little potties she had in every room of the house. "If it looked like the baby was going to relieve himself, we would strip the diaper off and sit him on the potty." As she did so, she would again use the sign for "bathroom."

Her effort paid off.

"We were out of diapers during the daytime when they were about 14 months old," Lane says.

Two other moms chimed in to say their kids were pooping exclusively in the potty by 12 months.

What about part-time elimination communication?

Once her two kids could sit independently (around 8 or 9 months), Erin Nastro put her kids on the potty after every meal. She would lead a "potty party," singing songs and reading books until the kids peed or pooped. When she went back to work, her kids went to daycare (where there were diapered the whole time), but she still sat them on the potty every morning and evening.

Olson said that when work hours, nerves or inconvenience can hold parents back from fully committing to early potty training, they can take it slow like Nastro did: “While your baby may wear a diaper, you also can give what we call ‘potty-tunities’ every time you change a diaper or make a transition, like after a meal or after a car ride.”

“Even if you only practice EC part-time, you can expect to see the age of diaper dependence greatly reduced,” Swaney says.

Nastro's kids didn't poop in a diaper after their first birthdays, and they were both potty trained by 27 months.

"The secret was to make potty time fun," Nastro says. "We did still have our fair share of accidents but if I were to have a third I would absolutely do it again."

Nastro is a friend of mine and I remember seeing adorable photos of her kids sitting on a potty at a very young age. It just never in my wildest dreams occurred to me that it was party of the potty-training process. I just thought it was just a quirky photo!

It makes me wonder how many more families are following this practice than I realize.

At this point, my baby-rearing days are almost certainly behind me, but if an infant were to appear at my home tomorrow, I would absolutely give this method a whirl.

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Certification to allow Kenya's horticulture access to international markets No result found, try new keyword!• The HACCP (SANS 10330:2020) certification presented by the Kenya Bureau of Standards was for the Nairobi Packhouse. • The packhouse provides startups and medium-scale exporters and importers ... Wed, 13 Dec 2023 10:01:00 -0600 en-us text/html Samyang Innochem Acquires International Eco-Friendly Certification "ISCC Plus" for White Bio Material, Isosorbide Samyang Innochem Acquires International Eco-Friendly Certification "ISCC Plus" for White Bio Material, Isosorbide

PR Newswire

SEOUL, South Korea, Dec. 20, 2023

- Evaluates entire process from raw material purchase to sales
- Reliable international certification establishes bridgehead for entering global markets
- Isosorbide, made from plant resources like corn, 100% biomass material delivers superior durability, heat resistance, and chemical resistance, expands application range

SEOUL, South Korea, Dec. 20, 2023 /PRNewswire/ -- Samyang Innochem targeting global markets acquires international eco-friendly certification for the white bio material Isosorbide.

Samyang Group's chemical subsidiary Samyang Innochem (CEO Ho-Sung Kang) held an ISCC Plus Certificate ceremony with Control Union, a global certification for ISCC (International Sustainability & Carbon Certification) at the headquarters of Samyang Group in Jongno-gu, Seoul.

ISCC Plus is an international certification system awarded to sustainable and low carbon products that comply with the European Union (EU) Renewable Energy Directive (RED). It is established by the internationally recognized eco-friendly certification agency ISCC, rigorously evaluating the entire supply chain process from raw material purchase to production and sales.

The Isosorbide that Samyang Innochem has now certified is an eco-friendly material based on 100% biomass, chemically processed from starch extracted from plant resources like corn. It is used in the production of plastics, coatings, etc., replacing conventional petrochemical materials, and is uniquely produced by Samyang Innochem in South Korea. Plastics, acrylates, and adhesives made using Isosorbide contribute to reducing carbon emissions and are excellent in terms of transparency, durability, heat and chemical resistance, and adhesiveness, allowing them to be widely used in electronic products, automotive interior and exterior materials, food containers, and building materials.

Ho-Sung Kang, CEO of Samyang Innochem, stated, "With this ISCC Plus certification, we have laid the groundwork for Isosorbide's global market entry." The CEO added, "We will accelerate the global launch of Isosorbide and apply it to a variety of products, continuously expanding our eco-friendly specialty material business." 

Samyang Group is actively engaged in product development based on the characteristics and excellence of Isosorbide. Last year, they started mass production of an eco-friendly adhesive for electric vehicles, and have developed high transmittance polycarbonate for daytime running lights using a light-transmitting improver made with Isosorbide, which increases light transmittance and reduces yellowing. They are also developing thermal management materials for electric vehicle batteries, gradually expanding their application range. 

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SOURCE Samyang Innochem

Tue, 19 Dec 2023 23:30:00 -0600 en text/html

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