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SABE201 Business Objects(TM) Enterprise Certified Professional XI Level One history |

SABE201 history - Business Objects(TM) Enterprise Certified Professional XI Level One Updated: 2024

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Exam Code: SABE201 Business Objects(TM) Enterprise Certified Professional XI Level One history January 2024 by team
Business Objects(TM) Enterprise Certified Professional XI Level One
Business-Objects Professional history

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SABE201 Business Objects(TM) Enterprise Certified Professional XI Level One
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Business Objects(TM) Enterprise Certified Professional
XI Level One
Download Full Version :
D. Click New and then specify Publication Name, Class Name and Variable Name.
Answer: A
Question: 70
Which statement describes how corporate categories operate as a component of a
content and management plan for your BusinessObjects Enterprise system?
A. Categories must be set up to reflect each user's personal requirements.
B. Copies of objects must be added to each category where they are included.
C. Users have rights to access each object in a category based on its actual folder
D. Access rights to objects in categories must be set for each user.
Answer: C
Question: 71
Profiles are used in conjunction with publications to personalize the content that users
see when Web Intelligence documents are published using single-pass report bursting.
A. True
B. False
Answer: B
Question: 72
Which three factors must be considered when designing a content and system
management plan in BusinessObjects Enterprise? (Choose three.)
A. Whether existing Windows user groups can be used
B. The corporate categories that will be used
C. Whether BusinessObjects Enterprise servers will be managed
D. The number of objects that will be managed
Answer: A, B, D
Question: 73
Which two locations provide error information when a scheduled Crystal Report
instance fails to run? (Choose two.)
A. Instance Properties
B. Instance History tab
C. Schedule Information tab
D. Schedule Status Report
Answer: A, B
Question: 74
Which two databases does the BusinessObjects Enterprise Central Management Server
(CMS) maintain? (Choose two.)
A. Event
B. Config
C. Audit
D. System
Answer: C, D
Question: 75
Wanda is a member of the Marketing group and the Admin group. The Marketing
group has Full Control access to the Marketing folder in BusinessObjects Enterprise.
The Admin group has View access. Wanda's user account is explicitly denied access to
the Marketing folder. What effective access rights does Wanda have to the Marketing
A. Full Control
B. View
C. Full Control and View
D. No Access
Answer: D
Question: 76
When publishing content to BusinessObjects Enterprise using the Publishing Wizard,
which two types of objects are you able to publish? (Choose two.)
A. OLAP Intelligence documents
B. Desktop Intelligence documents
C. Web Intelligence documents
D. Crystal Reports
Answer: A, D
Question: 77
The Schedule For option is available and working for which of the following two
options. (Choose two.)
A. Web Intelligence documents
B. OLAP Intelligence documents
C. Crystal Reports that are neither based on Business Views nor on Universes
D. Crystal Reports based on Business Views
Answer: A, D
Question: 78
On which messaging protocol is the BusinessObjects Enterprise infrastructure based?
D. Java/RMI
Answer: B
Question: 79
Which two BusinessObjects Enterprise servers generate cache pages? (Choose two.)
A. Report Application Server
B. Desktop Intelligence Cache Server
C. Crystal Reports Cache Server
D. Crystal Reports Page Server
Answer: A, D
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Business-Objects Professional history - BingNews Search results Business-Objects Professional history - BingNews Business Objects Settles Lawsuits With Dissident Solution Provider

"It's a great product and it's doing great things for people," said Michael Ward, founder and principal of Creative TechnologyTraining Solutions in Shelby Township, Mich. "But they're hurting partners, and that hurts their customers."

Ward filed a lawsuit against Business Objects early last year in Michigan's Oakland County Circuit Court, seeking payment for $330,000 in product sales commissions that CTTS says it was owed but never paid. Business Objects responded with a countersuit charging CTTS with licensing breaches and trademark infringements.

Both lawsuits have been dropped as part of a settlement finalized last week, which gave Ward financial compensation he deemed reasonable, along with other concessions.

"I didn't get everything, in terms of financials, that I should have been entitled to, but no one does in a settlement," Ward said. He declined to disclose the amount Business Objects agreed to pay.

Business Objects did not respond in time for publication to a request for comment on the litigation with CTTS.

In addition to financial compensation, Ward extracted a concession he deemed equally important: An agreement that Business Objects won't take action against him for his training business. Like a number of other independent training consultants, CTTS offers Business Objects training but is not one of the company's authorized education partners. That arrangement may put it in violation of Business Objects' license terms, which appear to block licensees from using Business Objects' software in commercial training classes without authorization.

Multiple independent trainers have reported receiving letters from Business Objects warning them to pay up for a "classroom license agreement" or discontinue their training offerings. One irate trainer, Ken Hamady, posted a copy of the letter on his Web site.

Ward's settlement with Business Objects allows him to continue offering his training services without paying for Business Objects' classroom license or using its official training materials, he said.

But the run-up to the settlement involved a fair bit of hardball, according to Ward. Business Objects abruptly discontinued his tech support late last year, claiming Ward was behind on paying invoices Ward says he never received. Getting service reinstated has been a drawn-out affair; with the settlement signed, Ward hopes to be back on support soon.

Business Objects' showdown with CTTS comes amid grumbling from some partners about the company's encroachment on their turf. While Business Objects' net license fees rose from $516 million to $560 million between 2005 and 2006, the percentage of those fees that came from direct sales increased from 51 percent in 2005 to 54 percent last year. Meanwhile, Business Objects' professional services revenue grew to 196 million, a 31 percent increase over the prior year.

Under new leadership since late 2005, when John Schwarz replaced company co-founder Bernard Liautaud as CEO, Business Objects is fighting for a vanguard position in a rapidly shifting -- and consolidating -- market.

Enterprise application giants like Microsoft and Oracle (which recently snapped up Hyperion, a Business Objects rival) are gunning for a bigger share of the business intelligence market, while the industry's surviving pure-play vendors struggle to adapt to the software-as-a-service rise and to changing economics that require stronger midmarket sales. To better target the midmarket, Business Objects recently launched a new Crystal Decisions-branded line of lower-cost offerings, a move popular with VARs.

Tue, 17 Apr 2007 11:09:00 -0500 text/html
Business Objects Enlists VARs For Midmarket Push

Business Objects on Monday unveiled a line of BI tools designed for midsize companies, defined by the vendor as businesses with sales of up to $1 billion and 2,500 or fewer employees. Business Objects also announced that it is leaving the job of providing professional services to midsize customers to its network of 2,300 channel partners.

Market research firm IDC puts the worldwide BI software market at $5.9 billion, and Business Objects estimates that 35 percent of that -- or about $2.1 billion -- comes from midsize companies. But while many large companies have implemented BI software, there are still a lot of sales opportunities in the SMB space, says Todd Rowe, Business Objects' vice president of worldwide midmarket business. He estimates that the midsize BI market is growing at 12.5 percent compared to 9.8 percent for BI sales overall.

Business Objects sells a number of BI, enterprise information management, and planning and budgeting applications to large customers. The new product for midsize companies, which typically have small IT budgets and fewer technical resources, is a single integrated package the vendor says is affordable and easy to deploy. Monday the company debuted Business Objects Crystal Decisions, Standard Edition with reporting, ad hoc query and analysis, and dashboard tools.

Rowe insists the midmarket package isn't a "dumbed-down" version of Business Objects' enterprise-class software. But it has fewer configuration options (five vs. 20 for the flagship BusinessObjects XI) and will not run on Unix. Pricing in North America starts at $20,000 for five concurrent users on a single Windows or Linux server.

The relatively low price is a key selling point for solution providers such as Bob Vander Woude, sales and marketing vice president at Preferred Strategies, a Soquel, Calif.-based company that integrates Business Objects software with ERP applications from J.D. Edwards and other vendors.

"I think it's the right product positioned for the entry-level customer," he says, noting that it's tough to get a sales foot in customers' doors with products sporting six-figure price tags. With Business Objects' new offering, "I think we're going to get a lot more accounts that we can grow," Vander Woude says.

By mid-2007 Business Objects plans to offer a Professional Edition of the midmarket package with data-integration capabilities. A Premium Edition, due in the second half of the year, will add performance management functionality, including scorecards and advanced metrics, to the mix. All three editions are based on the same code base as BusinessObjects XI software.

Under the shift in Business Objects' partner engagement model, channel partners will now be the primary vehicles for delivering professional services to midmarket customers. The vendor says that represents a significant expansion of service opportunities for solution providers. That's in addition to the opportunity to generate revenue through software license margins by co-selling Business Objects software, as well as through training and education (either their own services or reselling those provided by Business Objects), and maintenance and support services.

Business Objects is also working with solution providers to develop software templates, reports, and data connectors around Business Objects Crystal Decisions for specific business processes and vertical industries. Business Objects may resell some of those partner-developed products, paying royalties in the process.

While Business Objects will directly sell Business Objects Crystal Decisions to named accounts, sales representatives will earn the same commission if they make a sale through a VAR, thus avoiding channel conflict. Business Objects also will operate a deal registry for channel partners. Today about 50 percent of all Business Objects' sales are generated through the channel; Rowe expects that number to increase with the midmarket initiative.

Mon, 05 Feb 2007 03:05:00 -0600 text/html
The story of women's football in 10 objects

By Bill WilsonBusiness reporter, BBC News

Prof Jean Williams with the original minutes from 1921 which banned women's football in FA grounds

A hundred years ago, teams of women were playing in front of large crowds and making big money. Then the Football Association banned them from its grounds. Here's the story of the fall and rise of women's football, told through 10 objects collected by the National Football Museum.

"Complaints having been made as to football being played by women, the [FA] council feel impelled to express their strong opinion that the game of football is quite unsuitable for females and ought not to be encouraged. Complaints have also been made as to the conditions under which some of these matches have been arranged and played, and the appropriation of receipts to other than charitable objects."

With these words in 1921, the FA decided to ban the playing of women's football in FA-member grounds, which strangled the game as a successful business as the stricture remained in place for 50 years. In other countries there were outright bans on women playing.

Jean Williams, the University of Wolverhampton's professor of sport, takes us through items which show the business history and struggles of the women's game.

1. 1895 Sketch magazine print of Nettie Honeyball 'in her football costume'

"In 1863 we get the formation of the Football Association and of the modern game. The first women's football games that we know about are in 1881, and they are professional games played to large audiences and they make money. It seems they are organised by local businessmen. The 1881-82 games are relatively short lived.

"Nettie Honeyball is the secretary and captain of the first British Ladies Football Club, which was founded in 1894. She was a middle class woman, and they had a non-playing president Lady Florence Dixie, who was upper class.

"In historic terms this was the first time women organised football for women. The first game was in Crouch End in 1895 before 10,000 people, which must have generated healthy receipts. Hundreds of games follow in the next few years and the women's game is played all over Britain."

2. Wheaties cereal box from the 1990s featuring US player Michelle Akers

"In the 1991 women's world championship she was the winner of the golden boot. She was the first real international women's football star and was massive in the US. She paved the way for Mia Hamm and Hope Solo, but interestingly one of the things that constricted her potential success was that she suffered from chronic fatigue disorder. But for that, her international profile could have been much more.

"The narrative of the Wheaties box is that she has had challenges to overcome but is still achieving and can't be held back. This is all referred to on the packaging of the cereal, which the manufacturers call 'The Breakfast of Champions'.

"It is one of the first commercial endorsements of this type in the 1990s, at a time when Fifa finally decided they were going to actively oversee women's football, having taken over its stewardship in 1971 but not doing much to promote it in the intervening years."

3. Programmes from 1950s women's football matches

"The crux of the FA's ban is that it does not ban women's football outright, but stops it being played on member clubs' grounds. Before the ban women's football is an entertainment spectacle, and if you play it in enclosed stadiums then you can charge people money to come in and watch.

"Once the ban comes in women's football goes to other venues: to rugby league and cricket grounds, as well as other venues. These programmes show games being played at Belle Vue speedway stadium, Manchester, and at a general sports stadium on the Isle of Man.

"But the FA puts pressure on other sports not to host women's games, which destroys the business model of the women's game. And that gives growth to the myth that women's football has never been an entertaining commercial spectacle. The game is still finding its way back from the ban."

4. Christie and Barbie football dolls

"These dolls were released for sale before the 1999 Women's World Cup by toymaker Mattel. The goalkeeper of that team was Briana Scurry." [The first woman goalkeeper and first black woman to be elected to the US National Soccer Hall of Fame.]

"But more generally, it reflects [the fact] that the American consumer market was sensitive and aware of questions of ethnicity and race. The marketing of the dolls was as diverse and inclusive as it could be.

"There was obviously already an established business around the Barbie and Christie brands, but such was the growing marketing power of women's football that a major manufacturer thought it could cash in further around the 1999 World Cup."

5. Shirt from Eniola Aluko's debut, England v Netherlands, 2004

"The business significance is that major manufacturer Umbro produced the shirt. Historically, sporting brands have not created consumer markets in women's football replica wear in the same way that they have done in other sports, particularly the high-fashion ones of tennis and golf.

"It is only relatively recently that that sporting brands have released football shirts cut for women, or boots specifically made for female feet. However, while these other aspects of women's football shirts have progressed, what is interesting is that often the shirt sponsors within the game are not of such 'high brand value' as the men's game.

"There is a real opportunity out there for brands such as cosmetics firms to sponsor women's football teams, but you get brands like Nivea preferring to partner with the Liverpool men's football team."

6. A ticket from the 1991 Women's World Championship with sponsor

"This ticket, being sponsored by M&Ms, shows that a major US confectionery brand was using women's football to try and crack the potential new business market of China. The tournament was played for the M&Ms Cup. Meanwhile, China wanted to establish a commercial relationship with the West.

"There were seven sponsors of this first official women's global tournament in 1991, which Fifa interestingly, and tentatively, called a 'world championship' and not a World Cup. Fifa wanted to get into China and China wanted to join the world football family, so to test the waters this low-financial-risk event was drawn up.

"The event was a sporting success and also a successful media product, it was sold to TV companies around the world, and it showed full stadia for the women's game."

7. Ball and boots of the type worn by 1920s/30s star Lily Parr

"Lily Parr was the star of the Dick, Kerr Ladies football team of Preston. She began playing for the team at 14, and played for them for 20 years. There are various reports of Lily receiving 'broken time payments', that is, financial compensation for amateur players for time they had had to take off from their day jobs. These women players were nurses, munitions workers, and so on.

"These payments, with her earnings from nursing, enabled her to become the first person in her family to own their own home. Obviously this all relates to the ban of 1921 as the FA decides too much of the charitable funds from women's matches are being used for player expenses. They were meant to be amateurs but the financial arrangements could be described as at best opaque.

"The boots and ball are from her era. She was a left winger, then moved back into defence and ended her career in goal."

8. Poster for an unofficial Women's World Cup in 1970

"There were two unofficial Women's World Cups held in the early 1970s: one in Italy in 1970 and one in Mexico a year later, both backed by local business interests and played in major football stadiums.

"In Mexico the event definitely looked to piggyback the men's World Cup held in the country the previous year. That would explain the commercialisation of the women's event there, which was considerable, with key rings, badges, programmes and other consumables produced, and a lot of coverage in the local press. The final was played in the Azteca Stadium in front of 110,000.

"The Italian event was sponsored by Italian multinational drinks brand Martini & Rossi, and its final was held in the Turin's Stadio Communale in front of 40,000." [Denmark defeated the host nations in both finals].

9. Postcard of Dick, Kerr Ladies FC (1920s)

"Dick, Kerr wanted to be known as the best in the world, but also wanted to plug into the success of the local men's team and the civic notion of Proud Preston. They had a regular paying public who supported them financially at weekends but also at pioneering floodlit matches.

"Most of the crowds at their games are local working-class men. When we think we are being progressive by following women's football, it was these men who were coming out to support the team week in, week out.

"This commercially-produced postcard is evidence of 'ambient marketing', typical of how the team's fame spread beyond their home town to a much wider audience. Newsreel films and magazine articles will also have spread their name further afield."

10. Art deco statuette of a female footballer

"Because women's football has always been topical, representing modernity, assertive female physicality, and - in its early days - played solely to raise large sums of money, its broader representation has always been culturally significant.

"So artefacts, collectables, disposable items, ephemera, have been created around the game over the decades. This statuette is an example of a stylised female football player that someone would have had in their home. It is 1920s in appearance.

"There were a lot of similar models made around women's boxing and athletics; beautified art deco creations."

Professor Williams has organised Upfront and Onside: The Women's Football Conference, about the history and heritage of women's football to be held at the National Football Museum in Manchester on International Women's Day, 8 March, and the following day.

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Wed, 04 Oct 2023 03:00:00 -0500 text/html how much does sap business objects cost?

BusinessObjects was acquired by SAP in 2007 for $6 billion. BusinessObjects was acquired by SAP in 2009 for $78 billion, its largest acquisition to date. Initially, BusinessObjects operated independently, but in 2009 became a SAP division, and its products became SAP BusinessObjects.

Is SAP BusinessObjects dead?

The general availability announcement for SAP BusinessObjects BI 4 was made recently by SAP. The SAP Business Intelligence 4 application is in step 3. Thus, all speculations that SAP was getting rid of BusinessObjects came to an end. SAP announced SAP BI 4 instead. Supported until 2027, this is 3.

What is SAP BusinessObjects platform?

With BusinessObjects Business Intelligence, you can easily report on, visualize, and share data. In its role as an on-premises BI layer for SAP's Business Technology Platform, it transforms data into actionable insights available from any location, at any time.

How much does Business Objects cost?

Starting at $14000, SAP BusinessObjects Business Intelligence is offered by SAP. The annual fee is $800. There is no free version of the software. There is no free trial for SAP BusinessObjects Business Intelligence.

How much does SAP for small business cost?

Starting at $24,958/month for SAP Business One AP Business One Starting @ ₹ 24,958/Month*

How much does it cost for SAP?

As for the licenses, a Professional license will set you back about $3213, whereas a Limited license is $1666 per year. For those who are Professional users, they must pay $94 per month per user, whereas those who are Limited users must pay $54 per month per user. Additionally, you can also purchase a subscription for one year for a prepaid amount.

Does SAP own business objects?

SAP BusinessObjects (BO, BOBJ, or BObjects) is a business intelligence (BI) software company founded by SAP. SAP acquired BusinessObjects in 2007 for a reported $5 billion. During its final earnings release before being acquired by SAP, the company reported that it had over 46,000 customers.

Is SAP BusinessObjects free?

Price details on SAP BusinessObjects Business Intelligence SAP BusinessObjects Business Intelligence pricing starts at $14,000. The annual fee is $800. There is no free version of the software.

Is SAP BusinessObjects an ERP?

We will now examine the instruments that are included in the SAP BI offer from the end user's perspective: SAP BusinessObjects BI Suite is a real-time BI platform that is on premises. Integrating extra analytical tools, data sources, or separate applications like ERP is also an option.

What is SAP BusinessObjects Business Intelligence?

With SAP BusinessObjects Business Intelligence, you can create reports, share data visualisations, and report on it. It transforms data into useful insights and makes them available anytime, anywhere as the on-premise BI layer for SAP's Business Technology Platform.

What is SAP Business Intelligence platform?

SAP BusinessObjects Business Intelligence is a tool that provides business intelligence. With SAP BusinessObjects Business Intelligence, you can create reports, share data visualisations, and report on it. In its role as an on-premises BI layer for SAP's Business Technology Platform, it transforms data into actionable insights available from any location, at any time.

What is SAP BusinessObjects Explorer?

The SAP BusinessObjects Explorer lets you access data within your Business Intelligence system in a Google like manner: just type your question and it will deliver the data in a table, chart, or a variety of other ways that will make sense to you.

Which functionalities belong to the current portfolio of SAP BusinessObjects Business Intelligence?

  • Provide ad hoc queries and BI reporting that will help business users uncover trends and root causes.
  • Applications related to Data Visualization and Analytics.
  • Integration of office software.
  • Is SAP a reporting tool?

    BI is a tool used to store data and report on it. BI (Business Intelligence) involves cleaning raw data, applying business logic, processing it, and presenting user-friendly information. Business Intelligence is a SAP product that offers a user-friendly interface.

    What is SAP BusinessObjects Web Intelligence?

    A web-based reporting and analysis tool for SAP Business Objects is SAP Business Objects Web Intelligence (WebI). This is a tool that allows you to analyze workforce-related data as a part of the Enterprise Data Warehouse (EDW) of Washington Workforce Analytics (WWA).

    What is meant by SAP Bobj?

    Reporting and analytical business intelligence (BI) are the core functions of SAP BusinessObjects BI. Formerly known as BOBJ, SAP BO is a business intelligence software solution. This is a front-end-based platform for business intelligence that pulls in data from various back-end sources, rather than storing it in the application itself.

    What is the use of Bobj in SAP?

    Reporting and analytical business intelligence (BI) are the core functions of SAP BusinessObjects BI. Formerly known as BOBJ, SAP BO is a business intelligence software solution. The application includes multiple reporting applications that allow users to conduct analytics, find data, ous reporting applications that help the users to find data, conduct analytics, and generate reports.

    What happened to SAP Business Objects?

    Over time, it became one of the largest and most respected BI vendors. BusinessObjects was acquired by SAP in 2007 for $6 billion. In 2001, SAP acquired SAP for $78 billion, their largest acquisition to date.

    Is Business Objects end of life?

    You may be aware that SAP BusinessObjects BI platform version 4 was recently released. From 31 December 2020, number 1 will undergo an official 'End of Life' (EOL) designation. There are still customers still running 4. As long as you keep using unsupported software, you will be subject to the normal operational, security, and compliance risks that go along with this.

    What is the latest version of SAP Business Objects?

    With SAP BusinessObjects BI 4, a highly successful beta has been completed. The third release has been released. The 4. With the latest version 3, this industry leaders' scalable enterprise reporting platform has taken a major step forward.

Thu, 23 Dec 2021 18:32:00 -0600 en-US text/html
The influential people we said goodbye to in 2023

Yevgeny Prigozhin rose from being an ex-con and hot dog vendor to winning lucrative Kremlin contracts and heading a formidable mercenary army. But it all came to a sudden end when the private plane carrying him and others mysteriously exploded over Russia.

Prigozhin’s Aug. 23 death put an exclamation point on what had already been an eventful year for the brutal mercenary leader. His Wagner Group troops brought Russia a rare victory in its grinding war in Ukraine, capturing the city of Bakhmut. But internal friction with Russian military leaders later burst into the open, with Prigozhin briefly mounting an armed rebellion — the most severe challenge yet to Russian President Vladimir Putin’s rule.

WATCH: A look back at the biggest news events that shaped 2023 and made history

The rebellion was called off and a deal was struck in less than 24 hours. However, just two months later, Prigozhin joined the list of those who have run afoul of the Kremlin and died unexpectedly.

He was just one of a number of noteworthy people who died in 2023.

The world also said goodbye to former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, who died Nov. 29. Serving under two presidents, Kissinger’s shadow loomed large in the foreign policy arena, prompting both admiration and criticism from around the globe. And he continued his involvement in global affairs even in his final months.

Another political figure who died this year was former U.S. first lady Rosalynn Carter, who died Nov. 19. She was the closest adviser to her husband, former President Jimmy Carter, during his one term in the White House and then across four decades of global humanitarian work.

Others from the world of politics who died this year include: former Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi; former U.S. senators Dianne Feinstein, James Buckley and James Abourezk; former British treasury chief Nigel Lawson; former Pakistani leader Pervez Musharraf; former U.S. Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O’Connor; former Chinese Premier Li Keqiang; former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari; former New Mexico governor and American ambassador to the United Nations Bill Richardson; former New Jersey Lt. Gov. Sheila Oliver; and former Greek Foreign Minister Theodoros Pangalos.

Among the entertainers who left the world this year was singer Tina Turner, who died May 24. Turner’s powerful voice and stage presence brought her fame across multiple decades, first with her abusive husband, Ike Turner, in the 1960’s and 70’s. But after leaving their marriage, she found fame again in the 1980’s with her hit “What’s Love Got to Do With It.”

Others in the world of arts and entertainment who died this year include: actors Suzanne Somers, Matthew Perry, Raquel Welch, Richard Belzer, Chaim Topol, Jacklyn Zeman, Lance Reddick, Alan Arkin, Paul Reubens, David McCallum, Richard Roundtree and Tom Sizemore; musicians Jimmy Buffett, Sinéad O’Connor, Rita Lee Jones, Burt Bacharach, David Crosby, Fito Olivares, Ryuichi Sakamoto, Astrud Gilberto, Coco Lee and Tony Bennett; civil rights activist and entertainer Harry Belafonte; TV producer Norman Lear; author Cormac McCarthy; filmmaker William Friedkin; TV hosts Bob Barker and Jerry Springer; poet Louise Glück; guitarist Jeff Beck; fashion designer Mary Quant; wrestler The Iron Sheik; composer Kaija Saariaho; and “Sesame Street” co-creator Lloyd Morrisett.

Here is a roll call of some influential figures who died in 2023 (cause of death cited for younger people, if available):


Sesame Street co-creator Lloyd Morrisett receives a kiss from Abby Cadabby as the Cookie Monster watches upon his arrival for the 42nd Annual Kennedy Awards Honors in Washington, U.S., December 8, 2019. Photo by Joshua Roberts/REUTERS

Sesame Street co-creator Lloyd Morrisett receives a kiss from Abby Cadabby as the Cookie Monster watches upon his arrival for the 42nd Annual Kennedy Awards Honors in Washington, D.C., Dec. 8, 2019. Photo by Joshua Roberts/REUTERS

Fred White, 67. A drummer who backed up his brothers Maurice and Verdine White in the Grammy-winning ensemble Earth, Wind & Fire. Jan. 1.

Ken Block, 55. A motorsports icon known for his stunt driving and for co-founding the action sports apparel brand DC Shoes. Jan. 2. Snowmobiling accident.

Walter Cunningham, 90. The last surviving astronaut from the first successful crewed space mission in NASA’s Apollo program. Jan. 3.

Fay Weldon, 91. A British author known for her sharp wit and acerbic observations about women’s experiences and sexual politics in novels including “The Life And Loves Of A She-Devil.” Jan. 4.

Russell Pearce, 75. A Republican lawmaker who was the driving force behind Arizona’s landmark 2010 anti-immigration legislation known as the “show me your papers” law. Jan. 5.

Charles Simic, 84. The Pulitzer Prize-winning poet who awed critics and readers with his singular art of lyricism and economy, tragic insight and disruptive humor. Jan. 9.

Lynette “Diamond” Hardaway, 51. An ardent supporter of former President Donald Trump and one half of the conservative political commentary duo Diamond and Silk. Jan. 8.

Jeff Beck, 78. A guitar virtuoso who pushed the boundaries of blues, jazz and rock ‘n’ roll, influencing generations of shredders along the way and becoming known as the guitar player’s guitar player. Jan. 10.

Constantine, 82. The former and last king of Greece, who won an Olympic gold medal in sailing and spent decades in exile after becoming entangled in his country’s volatile politics in the 1960s. Jan. 10.

Tatjana Patitz, 56. She was one of an elite group of supermodels who graced magazine covers in the 1980s and ’90s and appeared in George Michael’s “Freedom! ’90” music video. Jan. 11.

Lisa Marie Presley, 54. The only child of Elvis Presley and a singer-songwriter dedicated to her father’s legacy. Jan. 12.

Robbie Knievel, 60. An American stunt performer who set records with daredevil motorcycle jumps following in the tire tracks of his thrill-seeking father Evel Knievel. Jan. 13.

Ray Cordeiro, 98. He interviewed music acts including the Beatles during a six-decade career on Hong Kong radio that earned him the title of the world’s longest-working disc jockey. Jan. 13.

Lloyd Morrisett, 93. The co-creator of the beloved children’s TV series “Sesame Street,” which has used empathy and fuzzy monsters like Elmo and Cookie Monster to charm and teach generations around the world. Jan. 15.

Gina Lollobrigida, 95. An Italian film legend who achieved international stardom during the 1950s and was dubbed “the most beautiful woman in the world” after the title of one of her movies. Jan. 16.

Chris Ford, 74. A member of the Boston Celtics 1981 championship team, a longtime NBA coach and the player credited with scoring the league’s first 3-point basket. Jan. 17.

David Crosby, 81. The brash rock musician who evolved from a baby-faced harmony singer with the Byrds to a mustachioed hippie superstar and troubadour in Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young. Sept. 18.

Cindy Williams, 75. She was among the most recognizable stars in America in the 1970s and 1980s for her role as Shirley on the beloved sitcom “Laverne & Shirley.” Jan. 25.

Billy Packer, 82. An Emmy award-winning college basketball broadcaster who covered 34 Final Fours for NBC and CBS. Jan. 26.

Sylvia Syms, 89. She starred in classic British films including “Ice Cold in Alex” and “Victim.” Jan. 27.

Barrett Strong, 81. One of Motown’s founding artists and most gifted songwriters who sang lead on the company’s breakthrough single “Money (That’s What I Want)” and collaborated with Norman Whitfield on such classics as “I Heard It Through the Grapevine,” “War” and “Papa Was a Rollin’ Stone.” Jan. 28.

Tom Verlaine, 73. The guitarist and co-founder of the seminal proto-punk band Television who influenced many bands while playing at ultra-cool downtown New York music venue CBGB alongside the Ramones, Patti Smith and Talking Heads. Jan. 28.

Bobby Hull, 84. A Hall of Fame forward who helped the Chicago Blackhawks win the 1961 Stanley Cup Final. Jan. 30.


FILE PHOTO: Former Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf addresses members of Britain's Pakistani community in Birmingham, ...

Former Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf addresses members of Britain’s Pakistani community at the New Bingley Hall, in Birmingham in central England Oct. 2, 2010. File photo by Toby Melville/REUTERS

Paco Rabanne, 88. The Spanish-born designer known for perfumes sold worldwide but who made his name with metallic space-age fashions that put a bold, new edge on catwalks. Feb. 3.

Harry Whittington, 95. The man who former Vice President Dick Cheney accidentally shot while they were hunting quail on a Texas ranch more than 17 years ago. Feb. 4.

Hsing Yun, 95. A Buddhist abbot who established a thriving religious community in southern Taiwan and built universities overseas. Feb. 5.

Pervez Musharraf, 79. The general who seized power in a bloodless coup and later led a reluctant Pakistan into aiding the U.S. war in Afghanistan against the Taliban. Feb. 5.

Burt Bacharach, 94. The singularly gifted and popular composer who delighted millions with the quirky arrangements and unforgettable melodies of “Walk on By,” “Do You Know the Way to San Jose” and dozens of other hits. Feb. 8.

Carlos Saura, 91. Spain’s celebrated filmmaker who earned three Academy Award nominations for Best Foreign Language Film during his seven-decade career. Feb. 10.

Hugh Hudson, 86. A British filmmaker who debuted as a feature director with the Oscar-winning Olympics drama “Chariots of Fire” and made other well-regarded movies including “My Life So Far” and the Oscar-nominated “Greystroke.” Feb. 10.

Hans Modrow, 95. He served as East Germany’s last communist leader during a turbulent tenure that ended in the country’s first and only free election. Feb. 11.

David Jude Jolicoeur, 54. Widely known as Trugoy the Dove, he was one of the founding members of the Long Island hip hop trio De La Soul. Feb. 12.

Huey “Piano” Smith, 89. A beloved New Orleans session musician who backed Little Richard, Lloyd Price and other early rock stars, and with his own group made the party favorites “Don’t You Just Know It” and “Rockin’ Pneumonia and Boogie Woogie Flu.” Feb. 13.

Leiji Matsumoto, 85. The anime creator known for ”Space Battleship Yamato” and other classics using a fantastical style and antiwar themes. Feb. 13.

Raquel Welch, 82. Her emergence from the sea in a skimpy, furry bikini in the film “One Million Years B.C.” propelled her to international sex symbol status in the 1960s and ’70s. Feb. 15.

Tim McCarver, 81. The All-Star catcher and Hall of Fame broadcaster who during 60 years in baseball won two World Series titles with the St. Louis Cardinals and had a long run as one of the country’s most recognized, incisive and talkative television commentators. Feb. 16.

Stella Stevens, 84. A prominent leading lady in 1960s and 70s comedies perhaps best known for playing the object of Jerry Lewis’s affection in “The Nutty Professor.” Feb. 17.

Richard Belzer, 78. The longtime stand-up comedian who became one of TV’s most indelible detectives as John Munch in “Homicide: Life on the Street” and “Law & Order: SVU.” Feb. 19.

Ahmed Qureia, 85. A former Palestinian prime minister and one of the architects of interim peace deals with Israel. Feb. 22.

James Abourezk, 92. A South Dakota Democrat who grew up on the Rosebud Indian Reservation, became the first Arab American U.S. senator and was known for his quick wit as he advocated for populist causes. Feb. 24.

Betty Boothroyd, 93. The first female speaker of Britain’s House of Commons. Feb. 26.

Ricou Browning, 93. A skilled swimmer best known for his underwater role as the Gill Man in the quintessential 3D black-and-white 1950s monster movie “Creature from the Black Lagoon.” Feb. 27.

Gérard Latortue, 88. A former interim prime minister of Haiti who helped rebuild and unite the country after a violent coup in the mid-2000s. Feb. 27.


Denver Post Archives

Rep. Pat Schroeder speaks at a reelection campaign event in July 1974. Photo shared by Denver Post via Getty Images

Just Fontaine, 89. The French soccer great who scored a record 13 goals at the 1958 World Cup. March 1.

Barbara Everitt Bryant, 96. The first woman to run the U.S. Census Bureau and its leader during the contentious debate over how to compensate for undercounts of minority groups in the 1990 census. March 2.

Tom Sizemore, 61. The “Saving Private Ryan” actor whose bright 1990s star burned out under the weight of his own domestic violence and drug convictions. March 3.

Kenzaburo Oe, 88. The Nobel literature laureate whose darkly poetic novels were built from his childhood memories during Japan’s postwar occupation and from being the parent of a disabled son. March 3.

Judy Heumann, 75. A renowned activist who helped secure legislation protecting the rights of people with disabilities. March 4.

Gary Rossington, 71. A co-founder and last surviving original member of Lynyrd Skynyrd who helped write the classic answer song “Sweet Home Alabama” and played unforgettable slide guitar on the rock anthem “Free Bird.” March 5.

Georgina Beyer, 65. A trailblazing New Zealand politician who in 1999 became the world’s first openly transgender member of Parliament. March 6.

Traute Lafrenz, 103. She was the last known survivor of a German group known as the White Rose that actively resisted the Nazis. March 6.

Peterson Zah, 85. A monumental Navajo Nation leader who guided the tribe through a politically tumultuous era and worked tirelessly to correct wrongdoings against Native Americans. March 7.

Chaim Topol, 87. A leading Israeli actor who charmed generations of theatergoers and movie-watchers with his portrayal of Tevye, the long-suffering and charismatic milkman in “Fiddler on the Roof.” March 8.

Robert Blake, 89. The Emmy award-winning performer who went from acclaim for his acting to notoriety when he was tried and acquitted in the killing of his wife. March 9.

Jiang Yanyong, 91. A Chinese military doctor who revealed the full extent of the 2003 SARS outbreak and was later placed under house arrest for his political outspokenness. March 11.

Bud Grant, 95. The stoic and demanding Hall of Fame coach who took the Minnesota Vikings and their mighty Purple People Eaters defense to four Super Bowls in eight years and lost all of them. March 11.

Dick Fosbury, 76. The lanky leaper who revamped the technical discipline of high jump and won an Olympic gold medal with his “Fosbury Flop.” March 12.

Pat Schroeder, 82. A pioneer for women’s and family rights in Congress. March 13.

Gloria Bosman, age unknown. A smooth-voiced South African jazz musician who was lauded for her contribution to the country’s music industry in a career spanning more than two decades. March 14.

Jacqueline Gold, 62. She helped make lingerie and sex toys a female-friendly mainstream business as head of Britain’s Ann Summers chain. March 16.

Lance Reddick, 60. A character actor who specialized in intense, icy and possibly sinister authority figures on TV and film, including “The Wire,” ″Fringe” and the “John Wick” franchise. March 17.

John Jenrette, 86. The former U.S. congressman was a colorful politician who was convicted in the Abscam bribery scandal in the late 1970s and whose wife talked to Playboy about an in-session dalliance on the U.S. Capitol steps. March 17.

Fito Olivares, 75. A Tejano musician known for songs that were wedding and quinceanera mainstays, including the hit “Juana La Cubana.” March 17.

Willis Reed, 80. He dramatically emerged from the locker room minutes before Game 7 of the 1970 NBA Finals to spark the New York Knicks to their first championship and create one of sports’ most enduring examples of playing through pain. March 21.

Darcelle XV, 92. The iconic drag queen who was crowned the world’s oldest working drag performer in 2016 by the Guinness Book of World Records. March 23.

Paul O’Grady, 67. An entertainer who achieved fame as drag queen Lily Savage before becoming a much-loved comedian and host on British television. March 28.

Ryuichi Sakamoto, 71. A world-renowned Japanese musician and actor who composed for Hollywood hits such as “The Last Emperor” and “The Revenant.” March 28.

Hedda Kleinfeld Schachter, 99. A bridal industry pioneer and Holocaust survivor who decided over a half century ago that brides deserved better than cookie-cutter dresses. March 29.



Benjamin Ferencz, prosecutor at the Nuremberg war trials, speaks during the Annual Days of Remembrance Ceremony to honor the victims of the Holocaust and Nazi persecution hosted by the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum at the Capitol in Washington, D.C., April 9, 2018. Photo by Saul Loeb/AFP via Getty Images

Nigel Lawson, 91. The tax-cutting U.K. Treasury chief under the late Margaret Thatcher and a lion of Conservative politics in the late 20th century. April 3.

Ben Ferencz, 103. The last living prosecutor from the Nuremberg trials, who tried Nazis for genocidal war crimes and was among the first outside witnesses to document the atrocities of Nazi labor and concentration camps. April 7.

Elisabeth Kopp, 86. An advocate of equal rights and the environment who was the first woman elected to Switzerland’s seven-member executive branch. April. 7.

Michael Lerner, 81. The Brooklyn-born character actor who played a myriad of imposing figures in his 60 years in the business, including monologuing movie mogul Jack Lipnick in “Barton Fink,” the crooked club owner Bugsy Calhoun in “Harlem Nights” and an angry publishing executive in “Elf.” April 8.

Anne Perry, 84. The best-selling crime novelist known for her Thomas Pitt and William Monk detective series, and for her own murderous past that inspired the movie “Heavenly Creatures.” April 10.

Al Jaffee, 102. Mad magazine’s award-winning cartoonist and ageless wise guy who delighted millions of kids with the sneaky fun of the Fold-In and the snark of “Snappy Answers to Stupid Questions.” April 10.

Mary Quant, 93. The visionary fashion designer whose colorful, sexy miniskirts epitomized Swinging London in the 1960s and influenced youth culture around the world. April 13.

Charles Stanley, 90. A prominent televangelist who once led the Southern Baptist Convention. April 18.

Richard Riordan, 92. A wealthy Republican businessman who served two terms as Los Angeles mayor and steered the city through the Northridge earthquake and the recovery from the deadly 1992 riots. April 19.

Todd Haimes, 66. He led the Roundabout Theatre Company from an off-off-Broadway company teetering on the edge of bankruptcy into a major theatrical force with works on five stages — including three Broadway theaters — and dozens of Tony Awards. April 19.

Barry Humphries, 89. A Tony Award-winning comedian internationally renowned for his garish stage persona Dame Edna Everage, a condescending and imperfectly-veiled snob whose evolving character delighted audiences over seven decades. April 22.

Len Goodman, 78. A long-serving judge on “Dancing with the Stars” and “Strictly Come Dancing” who helped revive interest in ballroom dancing on both sides of the Atlantic. April 22.

Harry Belafonte, 96. The civil rights and entertainment giant who began as a groundbreaking actor and singer and became an activist, humanitarian and conscience of the world. April 25.

Carolyn Bryant Donham, 88. The white woman who accused Black teenager Emmett Till of making improper advances leading to his lynching in Mississippi in 1955. April 25.

Jerry Springer, 79. The onetime mayor and news anchor whose namesake TV show featured a three-ring circus of dysfunctional guests willing to bare all — sometimes literally — as they brawled and hurled obscenities before a raucous audience. April 27.

LeRoy “Lee” Carhart, 81. He emerged from a two-decade career as an Air Force surgeon to become one of the best-known late-term abortion providers in the United States. April 28.

Larry “Gator” Rivers, 73. He helped integrate high school basketball in Georgia before playing for the Harlem Globetrotters and becoming a county commissioner in his native Savannah. April 29.


Tina Turner performs on stage at the United Center, in Chicago, on Oct. 1, 2000. Photo by Paul Natkin/Getty Images

Gordon Lightfoot, 84. The legendary folk singer-songwriter known for “If You Could Read My Mind” and “Sundown” and for songs that told tales of Canadian identity. May 1.

Tori Bowie, 32. The sprinter who won three Olympic medals at the 2016 Rio de Janeiro Games. May 2. Complications of childbirth.

Vida Blue, 73. A hard-throwing left-hander who became one of baseball’s biggest draws in the early 1970s and helped lead the brash A’s to three straight World Series titles before his career was derailed by drug problems. May 6.

Grace Bumbry, 86. A pioneering mezzo-soprano who became the first Black singer to perform at Germany’s Bayreuth Festival during a more than three-decade career on the world’s top stages. May 7.

Rita Lee Jones, 75. Brazil’s million-selling “Queen of Rock” who gained an international following through her colorful and candid style and such hits as “Ovelha Negra,” “Mania de Você” and “Now Only Missing You.” May 8.

Denny Crum, 86. He won two NCAA men’s basketball championships and built Louisville into one of the 1980s’ dominant programs during a Hall of Fame coaching career. May 9.

Heather Armstrong, 47. Known as Dooce to fans, the pioneering mommy blogger laid bare her struggles as a mother and her battles with depression and alcoholism on her website and on social media. May 9.

Jacklyn Zeman, 70. She played Bobbie Spencer for 45 years on ABC’s “General Hospital.” May 9.

Rolf Harris, 93. The veteran entertainer whose decades-long career as a family favorite on British and Australian television was shattered when he was convicted of sexual assaults on young girls. May 10.

Kenneth Anger, 96. The shocking and influential avant-garde artist who defied sexual and religious taboos in short films such as “Scorpio Rising” and “Fireworks,” and dished the most lurid movie star gossip in his underground classic “Hollywood Babylon.” May 11.

Doyle Brunson, 89. One of the most influential poker players of all time and a two-time world champion. May 14.

Jim Brown, 87. The pro football Hall of Famer was an unstoppable running back who retired at the peak of his career to become an actor as well as a prominent civil rights advocate during the 1960s. May 18.

Timothy Keller, 72. A pastor and best-selling author who founded the influential Redeemer Presbyterian Church in New York City. May 19.

Andy Rourke, 59. Bass guitarist of The Smiths, one of the most influential British bands of the 1980s. May 19.

Ray Stevenson, 58. The Irish actor who played the villainous British governor in “RRR,” an Asgardian warrior in the “Thor” films, and a member of the 13th Legion in HBO’s “Rome.” May 21.

Ed Ames, 95. The youngest member of the popular 1950s singing group the Ames Brothers, who later became a successful actor in television and musical theater. May 21.

Tina Turner, 83. The unstoppable singer and stage performer who teamed with husband Ike Turner for a dynamic run of hit records and live shows in the 1960s and ’70s and survived her horrifying marriage to triumph in middle age with the chart-topping “What’s Love Got to Do With It.” May 24.

WATCH: Remembering Tina Turner’s extraordinary life and legendary career

George Maharis, 94. A stage-trained actor with rough-hewn good looks who became an icon to American youth in the 1960s as he cruised the country in a Corvette convertible in the hit television series “Route 66.” May 24.

Carroll Cooley, 87. The retired Phoenix police captain was the arresting officer in the landmark case partially responsible for the Supreme Court’s Miranda rights ruling that requires suspects be read their rights. May 29.

John Beasley, 79. The veteran character actor who played a kindly school bus driver on the TV drama “Everwood” and appeared in dozens of films dating back to the 1980s. May 30.

Theodoros Pangalos, 84. A former Greek foreign minister known for his undiplomatic outbursts and on whose watch Greece suffered one of its most embarrassing foreign policy debacles in 1999. May 31.



Finnish composer Kaija Saariaho is photographed at the opening of the fall season of the National Opera and Ballet in Helsinki, Finland, Aug. 18, 2022. Photo by Emmi Korhonen/Lehtikuva/AFP via Getty Images

Kaija Saariaho, 70. She wrote acclaimed works that made her the among the most prominent composers of the 21st century. June 2.

George Winston, 73. The Grammy-winning pianist who blended jazz, classical, folk and other stylings on such million-selling albums as “Autumn,” “Winter Into Spring” and “December.” June 4.

Astrud Gilberto, 83. The Brazilian singer, songwriter and entertainer whose off-hand, English-language cameo on “The Girl from Ipanema” made her a worldwide voice of bossa nova. June 5.

Robert Hanssen, 79. A former FBI agent who took more than $1.4 million in cash and diamonds to trade secrets with Moscow in one of the most notorious spying cases in American history. June 5.

Richard Snyder, 90. A visionary and imperious executive at Simon & Schuster who in bold-faced style presided over the publisher’s exponential rise during the second half of the 20th century and helped define an era of consolidation and growing corporate power. June 6.

Françoise Gilot, 101. A prolific and acclaimed painter who created art for more than a half-century but was nonetheless more famous for her turbulent relationship with Pablo Picasso — and for leaving him. June 6.

The Iron Sheik, 81. A former pro wrestler who relished playing a burly, bombastic villain in 1980s battles with some of the sport’s biggest stars and later became a popular Twitter personality. June 7.

Pat Robertson, 93. A religious broadcaster who turned a tiny Virginia station into the global Christian Broadcasting Network, tried a run for president, and helped make religion central to Republican Party politics in America through his Christian Coalition. June 8.

WATCH: The cultural and political legacy of Christian broadcaster Pat Robertson

Theodore “Ted” Kaczynski, 81. Branded the “Unabomber” by the FBI, he was the Harvard-educated mathematician who retreated to a shack in the Montana wilderness and ran a 17-year bombing campaign that killed three people and injured 23 others. June 10.

Roger Payne, 88. The scientist who spurred a worldwide environmental conservation movement with his discovery that whales could sing. June 10.

Silvio Berlusconi, 86. The boastful billionaire media mogul who was Italy’s longest-serving premier despite scandals over his sex-fueled parties and allegations of corruption. June 12.

Treat Williams, 71. An actor whose nearly 50-year career included starring roles in the TV series “Everwood” and the movie “Hair.” June 12. Motorcycle crash.

Cormac McCarthy, 89. The Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist who in prose both dense and brittle took readers from the southern Appalachians to the desert Southwest in novels including “The Road,” “Blood Meridian” and “All the Pretty Horses.” June 13.

Glenda Jackson, 87. A two-time Academy Award-winning performer who had a second career as a British lawmaker before an acclaimed late-life return to stage and screen. June 15.

Daniel Ellsberg, 92. The history-making whistleblower who by leaking the Pentagon Papers revealed longtime government doubts and deceit about the Vietnam War and inspired acts of retaliation by President Richard Nixon that helped lead to his resignation. June 16.

WATCH: ‘Doomsday Machine’ author Daniel Ellsberg says Americans have escaped self-annihilation by luck

Big Pokey, 48. A popular Texas rapper and original member of Houston’s pioneering Screwed Up Click. June 18.

George Frazier, 68. The former pitcher was a World Series champion who had a nearly three-decade run as a television broadcaster. June 19.

H. Lee Sarokin, 94. The federal judge who freed boxer Rubin “Hurricane” Carter and in a landmark case famously said tobacco companies engaged in a “vast” conspiracy to conceal the dangers of smoking. June 20.

Winnie Ewing, 93. A charismatic politician who is considered the mother of the modern Scottish independence movement. June 21.

Sheldon Harnick, 99. A Tony- and Grammy Award-winning lyricist who with composer Jerry Bock made up the premier musical-theater songwriting duos of the 1950s and 1960s with shows such as “Fiddler on the Roof,” “Fiorello!” and “The Apple Tree.” June 23.

WATCH: Broadway’s Sheldon Harnick looks back on 50 years of tradition

John Goodenough, 100. He shared the 2019 Nobel Prize in chemistry for his work developing the lithium-ion battery that transformed technology with rechargeable power for devices ranging from cellphones, computers, and pacemakers to electric cars. June 25.

Peg Yorkin, 96. She donated $10 million to the Feminist Majority Foundation, which she co-founded and pushed to bring the most common method of abortion to the United States. June 25.

Sue Johanson, 93. A nurse who became a popular TV sex expert in Canada and the United States when she was in her 60s. June 28.

Alan Arkin, 89. The wry character actor who demonstrated his versatility in everything from farcical comedy to chilling drama, receiving four Academy Award nominations and winning an Oscar in 2007 for “Little Miss Sunshine.” June 29.


Photo of Sinead O'Connor in the Netherlands on Jan. 1, 1989. Photo by Michel Linssen/Redferns via Getty Images

Sinead O’Connor in the Netherlands on Jan. 1, 1989. Photo by Michel Linssen/Redferns via Getty Images

Yan Mingfu, 91. A former top Communist Party figure who acted as an envoy to pro-democracy protesters in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square in 1989 and was forced out after the protests were crushed. July 3.

John Berylson, 70. An American businessman known for his enthusiastic ownership of the English soccer team Millwall. July 4. Car crash.

Coco Lee, 48. A Hong Kong-born singer and songwriter who had a highly successful career in Asia. July 5.

James Lewis, 76. The suspect in the 1982 Tylenol poisonings that killed seven people in the Chicago area, triggered a nationwide scare and led to an overhaul in the safety of over-the-counter medication packaging. July 9.

Mikala Jones, 44. A Hawaii surfer known for shooting awe-inspiring photos and videos from the inside of massive, curling waves. July 9. Surfing accident.

André Watts, 77. A pianist whose televised debut with the New York Philharmonic as a 16-year-old in 1963 launched an international career of more than a half-century. July 12.

Jane Birkin, 76. An actor and singer who made France her home and charmed the country with her English grace, natural style and social activism. July 16.

Kevin Mitnick, 59. His pioneering antics tricking employees in the 1980s and 1990s into helping him steal software and services from big phone and tech companies made him the most celebrated U.S. hacker. July 16.

Tony Bennett, 96. The eminent and timeless stylist whose devotion to classic American songs and knack for creating new standards such as “I Left My Heart In San Francisco” graced a decadeslong career that brought him admirers from Frank Sinatra to Lady Gaga. July 21.

Hugh “Sonny” Carter Jr., 80. He was an organizer in the “Peanut Brigade” that helped elect his cousin Jimmy to the White House and later enforced the president’s frugal ways in the West Wing. July 23.

Sinéad O’Connor, 56. The gifted Irish singer-songwriter who became a superstar in her mid-20s was as much known for her private struggles and provocative actions as her fierce and expressive music. July 26.

WATCH: Why Sinéad O’Connor’s legacy is deeper than her music

Randy Meisner, 77. A founding member of the Eagles who added high harmonies to such favorites as “Take It Easy” and “The Best of My Love” and stepped out front for the waltz-time ballad “Take It to the Limit.” July 26.

Paul Reubens, 70. The actor and comedian whose Pee-wee Herman character — an overgrown child with a tight gray suit and an unforgettable laugh — became a 1980s pop cultural phenomenon. July 30.

Angus Cloud, 25. The actor who starred as the drug dealer Fezco “Fez” O’Neill on the HBO series “Euphoria.” July 31.


Founder of Wagner private mercenary group Yevgeny Prigozhin speaks with servicemen during withdrawal of his forces from Ba...

Founder of Wagner private mercenary group Yevgeny Prigozhin speaks with servicemen during withdrawal of his forces from Bakhmut and handing over their positions to regular Russian troops, in the course of Russia-Ukraine conflict in an unidentified location, Russian-controlled Ukraine, in this still image taken from video released June 1, 2023. Press service of “Concord”/Handout via REUTERS

Sheila Oliver, 71. The New Jersey lieutenant governor rose to become one of the state’s most prominent Black leaders and passionately advocated for revitalizing cities and against gun violence. Aug. 1.

Mark Margolis, 83. The Emmy-nominated actor who played murderous former drug kingpin Hector Salamanca in “Breaking Bad” and then in the prequel “Better Call Saul.” Aug. 3.

William Friedkin, 87. The Oscar winning director who became a top filmmaker in his 30s with the gripping “The French Connection” and the horrifying “The Exorcist” and struggled in the following decades to match his early success. Aug. 7.

Sixto Rodriguez, 81. He lived in obscurity as his music career flamed out early in the U.S. only to find success in South Africa and a stardom of which he was unaware. Aug. 8.

Robbie Robertson, 80. The Band’s lead guitarist and songwriter who in such classics as “The Weight” and “Up on Cripple Creek” mined American music and folklore and helped reshape contemporary rock. Aug. 9.

WATCH: Robbie Robertson on building The Band

Tom Jones, 95. The lyricist, director and writer of “The Fantasticks,” the longest-running musical in history. Aug. 11.

Magoo, 50. The rapper known for his work in the hip-hop duo Timbaland & Magoo and hit song “Up Jumps da Boogie” featuring Aaliyah and Missy Elliott. Aug. 13.

Clarence Avant, 92. The judicious manager, entrepreneur, facilitator and adviser who helped launch or guide the careers of Quincy Jones, Bill Withers and many others and was known as the “Black Godfather” of music and beyond. Aug. 13.

Ada Deer, 88. An esteemed Native American leader from Wisconsin and the first woman to lead the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Aug. 15.

Jerry Moss, 88. A music industry giant who co-founded A&M Records with Herb Alpert and rose from a Los Angeles garage to the heights of success with hits by Alpert, the Police, the Carpenters and hundreds of other performers. Aug. 16.

Michael Parkinson, 88. The renowned British broadcaster who interviewed some of the world’s most famous celebrities of the 20th century from Muhammad Ali to Miss Piggy. Aug. 16.

Jiri Cerny, 87. A legendary Czech music critic who introduced Western music to generations of listeners behind the Iron Curtain and became one of the voices of the 1989 anti-communist Velvet Revolution. Aug. 17.

Betty Tyson, 75. Convicted in a 1973 murder, she spent 25 years in prison before being exonerated on the basis of new evidence. Aug. 17.

James Buckley, 100. The former New York senator was an early agitator for then-President Richard Nixon’s resignation and winner of a landmark lawsuit challenging campaign spending limits. Aug. 18.

John Warnock, 82. The Silicon Valley entrepreneur and computer scientist who helped invent the PDF and co-founded Adobe Systems. Aug. 19.

Ron Cephas Jones, 66. A veteran stage actor who won two Emmy Awards for his role as a long-lost father who finds redemption on the NBC television drama series “This Is Us.” Aug. 19.

Howard Hubbard, 84. A retired Catholic bishop who acknowledged covering up allegations of sexual abuse in his upstate New York diocese and later married a woman in a civil ceremony. Aug. 19.

Yevgeny Prigozhin, 62. As head of the Wagner Group, he made his name as a profane and brutal mercenary boss before mounting an armed rebellion that was the most severe and shocking challenge to Russian President Vladimir Putin’s rule. Aug. 23. Plane crash.

Bob Barker, 99. The enduring, dapper game show host who became a household name over a half century of hosting “Truth or Consequences” and “The Price Is Right.” Aug. 26.

Samuel “Joe” Wurzelbacher, 49. He was thrust into the political spotlight as “Joe the Plumber” after questioning Barack Obama about his economic policies during the 2008 presidential campaign. Aug. 27.

Gil Brandt, 91. The Pro Football Hall of Fame member was the player personnel director alongside the stoic, fedora-wearing coach Tom Landry and media-savvy general manager Tex Schramm as part of the trio that built the Dallas Cowboys into “America’s Team” in the 1970s. Aug. 31.


FILE PHOTO: Richardson fields a question during the University of Southern California's Schwarzenegger Institute for State...

Former New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson fields a question during the University of Southern California’s Schwarzenegger Institute for State and Global Policy inaugural Symposium in Los Angeles, California, Sept. 24, 2012. File photo by Gus Ruelas/REUTERS

Jimmy Buffett, 76. The singer-songwriter who popularized beach bum soft rock with the escapist Caribbean-flavored song “Margaritaville” and turned that celebration of loafing into a billion-dollar empire of restaurants, resorts and frozen concoctions. Sept. 1.

Bill Richardson, 75. A two-term Democratic governor of New Mexico and an American ambassador to the United Nations who dedicated his post-political career to working to secure the release of Americans detained by foreign adversaries. Sept. 1.

Steve Harwell, 56. The longtime frontman of the Grammy-nominated pop rock band Smash Mouth that was behind the megahit “All Star.” Sept. 4. Acute liver failure.

Shabtai Shavit, 84. The Israeli spymaster who was credited with advancing Israel’s historic peace treaty with Jordan during his term as director of the Mossad intelligence agency. Sept. 5.

Ian Wilmut, 79. The cloning pioneer whose work was critical to the creation of Dolly the Sheep in 1996. Sept. 9.

Prince Mangosuthu Buthelezi, 95. The controversial South African politician and traditional minister of the Zulu ethnic group. Sept. 9.

Roy Kidd, 91. He coached Eastern Kentucky to two NCAA Division I-AA football championships in a Hall of Fame career. Sept. 12.

Eno Ichikawa, 83. He revived the spectacular in Japanese Kabuki theater to woo younger and global audiences. Sept. 13.

Michael McGrath, 65. A Broadway character actor who shined in zany, feel-good musicals and won a Tony Award for “Nice Work If You Can Get It.” Sept. 14.

Fernando Botero, 91. A renowned Colombian painter and sculptor whose depictions of people and objects in plump, exaggerated forms became emblems of Colombian art around the world. Sept. 15.

Giorgio Napolitano, 98. The first former Communist to rise to Italy’s presidency and the first person to be elected twice to the mostly ceremonial post. Sept. 22.

Matteo Messina Denaro, 61. A convicted mastermind of some of the Sicilian Mafia’s most heinous slayings, Italy’s No. 1 fugitive was captured after decades on the run. Sept. 25. Died in a prison hospital.

David McCallum, 90. The actor who became a teen heartthrob in the hit series “The Man From U.N.C.L.E.” in the 1960s and was the eccentric medical examiner in the popular “NCIS” 40 years later. Sept. 25.

Dianne Feinstein, 90. A centrist Democrat from California and champion of liberal causes who was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1992 and broke gender barriers throughout her long career in local and national politics. Sept. 28.

Michael Gambon, 82. The Irish-born actor knighted for his storied career on the stage and screen who gained admiration from a new generation of moviegoers with his portrayal of Hogwarts headmaster Albus Dumbledore in six of the eight “Harry Potter” films. Sept. 28.

Mankombu Sambasivan Swaminathan, 98. A renowned agricultural scientist who revolutionized India’s farming and was a key architect of the country’s “Green Revolution.” Sept. 28.

Saad Eddin Ibrahim, 85. A prominent Egyptian-American academic and pro-democracy activist during the reign of former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. Sept. 29.


Makeshift memorial for actor Matthew Perry in New York

A makeshift memorial for actor Matthew Perry, the wise-cracking co-star of the 1990s hit television sitcom “Friends,” who was found dead at his Los Angeles home on Oct. 28, is pictured on Bedford Street in Manhattan in New York City, New York, Oct. 30, 2023. Photo by Mike Segar/REUTERS

Tim Wakefield, 57. The knuckleballing workhorse of the Red Sox pitching staff who bounced back after giving up a season-ending home run to the Yankees in the 2003 playoffs to help Boston win its curse-busting World Series title the following year. Oct. 1.

Dick Butkus, 80. A Hall of Fame middle linebacker for the Chicago Bears whose speed and ferocity set the standards for the position in the modern era. Oct. 5.

Michael Chiarello, 61. A chef known for his Italian-inspired Californian restaurants who won an Emmy Award for best host for “Easy Entertaining With Michael Chiarello” and appeared on Bravo’s “Top Chef” and “Top Chef Masters.” Oct. 6. Allergic reaction that resulted in anaphylactic shock.

Burt Young, 83. The Oscar-nominated actor who played Paulie, the rough-hewn, mumbling-and-grumbling best friend, corner-man and brother-in-law to Sylvester Stallone in the “Rocky” franchise. Oct. 8.

Hughes Van Ellis, 102. He was the youngest known survivor of the Tulsa Race Massacre and spent his latter years pursuing justice for his family and other descendants of the attack on “Black Wall Street.” Oct. 9.

Kevin Phillips, 82. The author, commentator and political strategist whose landmark book, “The Emerging Republican Majority,” became a blueprint for GOP thinking in the 1970s and beyond. Oct. 9

Louise Meriwether, 100. The author and activist whose coming-of-age novel “Daddy Was a Number Runner” is widely regarded as a groundbreaking and vital portrait of race, gender and class. Oct. 10.

Mark Goddard, 87. An actor best known for playing Major Don West in the 1960s television show “Lost in Space.” Oct. 10.

Rudolph Isley, 84. A founding member of the Isley Brothers who helped perform such raw rhythm and blues classics as “Shout” and “Twist and Shout” and the funky hits “That Lady” and “It’s Your Thing.” Oct. 11.

Louise Glück, 80. The Nobel laureate was a poet of unblinking candor and perception who wove classical allusions, philosophical reveries, bittersweet memories and humorous asides into indelible portraits of a fallen and heartrending world. Oct. 13.

READ MORE: How Louise Glück’s quietly devastating poetic voice speaks to us from beyond the grave

Piper Laurie, 91. The strong-willed, Oscar-nominated actor who performed in acclaimed roles despite at one point abandoning acting altogether in search of a “more meaningful” life. Oct. 14.

Suzanne Somers, 76. The effervescent blonde actor who played Chrissy Snow on the television show “Three’s Company” and later became an entrepreneur and New York Times best-selling author. Oct. 15.

Martti Ahtisaari, 86. The former president of Finland and global peace broker who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2008 for his work to resolve international conflicts. Oct. 16.

Bobby Charlton, 86. An English soccer icon who survived a plane crash that decimated a Manchester United team destined for greatness to become the heartbeat of his country’s 1966 World Cup triumph. Oct. 21.

Bishan Bedi, 77. The India cricket great whose dazzling left-arm spin claimed 266 test wickets. Oct. 23.

Richard Roundtree, 81. The trailblazing actor who starred as the ultra-smooth private detective in several “Shaft” films beginning in the early 1970s. Oct. 24.

Richard Moll, 80. A character actor who found lasting fame as an eccentric but gentle giant bailiff on the original “Night Court” sitcom. Oct. 26.

Li Keqiang, 68. The former premier was China’s top economic official and an advocate for private business but was left with little authority after President Xi Jinping made himself the most powerful Chinese leader in decades. Oct. 27.

Wu Zunyou, 60. An epidemiologist who helped drive the country’s strict zero-COVID measures in China that suspended access to cities and confined millions to their homes. Oct. 27.

Matthew Perry, 54. The Emmy-nominated “Friends” actor whose sarcastic, but lovable Chandler Bing was among television’s most famous and quotable characters. Oct. 28.

Ken Mattingly, 87. An astronaut who is best remembered for his efforts on the ground that helped bring the damaged Apollo 13 spacecraft safely back to Earth. Oct. 31.


Former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger arrives for a memorial service for late Social Democratic senior politician Egon Bahr at St. Mary's Church in Berlin, Germany, September 17, 2015. Egon Bahr, an eminent German Social Democrat who with late Chancellor Willy Brandt forged a policy of rapprochement with Communist Eastern Europe known as "Ostpolitik" during the Cold War, died at the age of 93 on August 20, 2015. Photo by Fabrizio Bensch/REUTERS

Former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger arrives for a memorial service for late Social Democratic senior politician Egon Bahr at St. Mary’s Church in Berlin, Germany, September 17, 2015. File photo by Fabrizio Bensch/REUTERS

Bob Knight, 83. The brilliant and combustible coach who won three NCAA titles at Indiana and for years was the scowling face of college basketball. Nov. 1.

WATCH: The controversial legacy of Hall of Fame college basketball coach Bob Knight

Frank Borman, 95. The astronaut who commanded Apollo 8’s historic Christmas 1968 flight that circled the moon 10 times and paved the way for the lunar landing the next year. Nov. 7.

Steve Norton, 89. He ran the first U.S. gambling facility outside Nevada — Resorts casino in Atlantic City — and gave advice around the world on how to set up and operate casinos. Nov. 12.

Don Walsh, 92. The retired Navy captain was an explorer who in 1960 was part of a two-man crew that made the first voyage to the deepest part of the ocean — to the “snuff-colored ooze” at the bottom of the Pacific’s Mariana Trench. Nov. 12.

Terry R. Taylor, 71. In two trailblazing decades as the first female sports editor of The Associated Press, she transformed the news agency’s emphasis into multilayered coverage of rigorous reporting, entertaining enterprise and edgy analysis. Nov. 14.

Daisaku Ikeda, 95. He headed Soka Gakkai, a Japanese Buddhist organization, that includes famed musician Herbie Hancock and other celebrities in its fold. Nov. 15.

Bobby Ussery, 88. A Hall of Fame jockey who won the 1967 Kentucky Derby and then crossed the finish line first in the 1968 edition only to be disqualified days later. Nov. 16.

George “Funky” Brown, 74. The co-founder and longtime drummer of Kool & The Gang who helped write such hits as “Too Hot,” “Ladies Night,” “Joanna” and the party favorite “Celebration.” Nov. 16.

Rosalynn Carter, 96. The former first lady was the closest adviser to Jimmy Carter during his one term as U.S. president and their four decades thereafter as global humanitarians. Nov. 19.

Marty Krofft, 86. A TV producer known for imaginative children’s shows such as “H.R. Pufnstuf” and primetime hits including “Donny & Marie” in the 1970s. Nov. 25.

Terry Venables, 80. A charismatic and tactically innovative English soccer coach who led his national team to the European Championship semifinals in 1996 after winning trophies at club level with Barcelona and Tottenham. Nov. 25.

Tim Dorsey, 62. A former police and courts newspaper reporter who found lasting fame as the creator of the crime-comedy novel series starring Serge A. Storms, an energetic fan of Florida history and an ingenious serial killer. Nov. 26.

Frances Sternhagen, 93. The veteran character actor who won two Tony Awards and became a familiar maternal face to TV viewers later in life in such shows as “Cheers,” “ER,” “Sex and the City” and “The Closer.” Nov. 27.

Charlie Munger, 99. He helped Warren Buffett build Berkshire Hathaway into an investment powerhouse. Nov. 28.

Henry Kissinger, 100. The former secretary of state exerted uncommon influence on global affairs under Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford, earning both vilification and the Nobel Peace Prize. Nov. 29.

WATCH: A look at the consequential and controversial legacy of Henry Kissinger

Shane MacGowan, 65. The singer-songwriter and frontman of “Celtic Punk” band The Pogues, best known for the Christmas ballad “Fairytale of New York.” Nov. 30.


Sandra Day O'Connor Testifies During Confirmation Hearing

Sandra Day O’Connor is sworn in before the Senate Judiciary committee during confirmation hearings as she seeks to become first woman to take a seat on the U.S. Supreme Court, Washington, D.C., Sept. 9, 1981. File photo by David Hume Kennerly/Getty Images

Sandra Day O’Connor, 93. The former U.S. Supreme Court justice was an unwavering voice of moderate conservatism and the first woman to serve on the nation’s highest court. Dec. 1.

WATCH: Remembering Sandra Day O’Connor and her legacy on and off the Supreme Court

Juanita Castro, 90. The sister of Cuban rulers Fidel and Raúl Castro, who worked with the CIA against her siblings’ communist government. Dec. 4.

Norman Lear, 101. The writer, director and producer who revolutionized prime-time television with “All in the Family,” “The Jeffersons” and “Maude,” propelling political and social turmoil into the once insulated world of TV sitcoms. Dec. 5.

Benjamin Zephaniah, 65. A British poet, political activist and actor who drew huge inspiration from his Caribbean roots. Dec. 7.

Ryan O’Neal, 82. The heartthrob actor who went from a TV soap opera to an Oscar-nominated role in “Love Story” and delivered a wry performance opposite his charismatic 9-year-old daughter Tatum in “Paper Moon.” Dec. 8.

Andre Braugher, 61. The Emmy-winning actor who would master gritty drama for seven seasons on “Homicide: Life on The Street” and modern comedy for eight on “Brooklyn 99.” Dec. 11.

Zahara, 36. She rose from an impoverished rural background to find rapid fame with multi-platinum selling albums and delivered her unique version of wistful Afro-soul in her country’s isiXhosa language and in English. Dec. 11.

George McGinnis, 73. A Hall of Fame forward who was a two-time ABA champion and three-time All-Star in the NBA and ABA. Dec. 14.

Sheikh Nawaf Al Ahmad Al Sabah, 86. As Kuwait’s ruling emir, he spent a three-year, low-key reign focused on trying to resolve the tiny, oil-rich nation’s internal political disputes. Dec. 16.

Mike Nussbaum, 99. Reputed as the oldest professional actor in America with a prolific stage career and roles in films including “Field of Dreams” and “Men in Black.” Dec. 23.

Kamar de los Reyes, 56. A television, movie and voice actor best known for playing a gang member-turned-cop in the soap “One Life to Live” and a villain in the video game “Call of Duty: Black Ops II.” Dec. 24.

Tom Smothers, 86. He was half of the Smothers Brothers and the co-host of one of the most socially conscious and groundbreaking television shows in the history of the medium. Dec. 26.

Wolfgang Schaeuble, 81. He helped negotiate German reunification in 1990 and as finance minister was a central figure in the austerity-heavy effort to drag Europe out of its debt crisis two decades later. Dec. 26.

Jacques Delors, 98. A Paris bank messenger’s son who became the visionary and builder of a more unified Europe in his momentous decade as chief executive of the European Union. Dec. 27.

Herb Kohl, 88. A former Democratic U.S. senator from Wisconsin and former owner of the NBA’s Milwaukee Bucks. Dec. 27.

Lee Sun-kyun, 48. A popular South Korean actor best known for his role in the Oscar-winning movie “Parasite.” Dec. 27.

Mbongeni Ngema, 68. A renowned South African playwright, producer and composer who was the creator of the Broadway hit “Sarafina!” that was adapted into a musical drama starring Whoopi Goldberg. Dec. 27.

Gaston Glock, 94. The Austrian developer of the handgun that bears his name. Dec. 27.

Tom Wilkinson, 75. The Oscar-nominated British actor known for his roles in “The Full Monty,” “Michael Clayton” and “The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel.” Dec. 28.

Shecky Greene, 97. Gifted comic and master improviser who was revered by his peers and live audiences as one of the greatest standup acts of his generation. Dec. 31.

Sun, 31 Dec 2023 09:33:00 -0600 en-us text/html
Warren Buffett’s Leadership Lessons To Overcome Short-Term Thinking

This month, the famous investment firm Berkshire Hathaway acquired about 28% of the stock of Occidental Petroleum. Occidental is considered a leader in the effort to bring fossil fuel companies to a net-zero emissions. The move reflects Omaha-Nebraska-based Berkshire Hathaway’s investment style, established under the leadership of Warren Buffett and his longtime partner, Charlie Munger, who died this year at the age of 99.

It seemed an interesting moment to reflect on what lessons could be learned from Buffett’s leadership, especially as many business leaders are struggling with what role to play in what will surely be one of the largest (and potentially profitable) economic transformations in history, the movement away from fossil fuels.

Berkshire Hathaway is one of the most successful investment companies in history. Importantly for any effort to draw general lessons from what it does, the holding company has created that track record even as the economy changed significantly around it. News and World Report writers John Divine and Wayne Duggan wrote recently that its stock had appreciated at a 19.8% compound annual growth rate, compared with a 9.9% annualized return for the S&P 500, between 1965 and 2022.

I asked Lawrence A. Cunningham to send me a copy of the latest edition of The Essays of Warren Buffett. Cunningham compiles and weaves together the essays, which were issued initially as letters to Berkshire Hathaway’s shareholders, and works with Buffett to incorporate them into a volume. After I read the book, I talked with Cunningham about what lessons could be learned.

Don’t Try To Invest Like Buffett

As an aside, these are leadership lessons for entrepreneurs rather than personal investment lessons, though some could be applied to both arenas. People often look to the founders of successful investment companies for personal investing advice. They miss the fact that professional investing is an entirely different occupation than the part-time pursuit of building your personal financial security. Indeed, Buffett, when he gives personal financial advice, suggests amateur investors (pretty much everyone) eschew expensive professional advisors and instead buy index funds.

And Buffett’s investment style treads toward management, because of the large sizes of the stakes Berkshire Hathaway takes in companies. The leadership lessons I gleaned from The Essays were mainly about how Buffett operationalizes a long-term approach, and how U.S. businesses should enter into societal compacts our country.

Operationalizing Long-Term Thinking

The recent acquisition of almost a third of Occidental is typical in some ways of Berkshire Hathaway’s approach. It’s a bet on a bold-thinking executive team in an economic segment – energy — that is almost guaranteed to grow over the long-term.

It’s easy to say you’re a long-term investor or a long-term thinker, but much harder to be one. Berkshire Hathaway’s most important investments (in some cases acquisitions) were in the insurance business. That gave it enough capital to make other investments. “Because so much of the investment was in the insurance business, the culture began as a long-term, horizontal organization,” Cunningham told me. “(Buffett) is one of the people, rare among the human race, to look beyond the short-term.”

There are lots of interesting examples of how Buffett operationalizes long-term thinking. Buffett writes that the holding company never has a quarterly “number” or profit goal to hit. It pays the CEOs of the companies in which it has a stake based on the results over time frames longer than a quarter. It also has a track record of purchasing struggling companies, like Fruit of the Loom, helping them turn around, and then holding on to them while they pay dividends.

This is an especially interesting style at our current moment, as some people question whether the American system of capitalism can successfully adapt to complicated long-term challenges like climate change. If you’re focused on short-term profits and gains in asset prices, you might not have the wherewithal to spend money on technologies that bear fruit years or decades from now (like carbon capture).

In the latest edition of his Essays, Buffett dodges the political controversy that walloped Larry Fink (and others) on climate. Business leaders who advocate for investments in climate change technology that will pay off in the long-term have been (strangely) accused of being something other than capitalists – “woke,” for instance, or socialist. Buffett overtly objects to “stakeholder” capitalism, of the kind embraced by the Business Roundtable. But to some extent this seems like semantics (like politics so often is).

Recognize the Value of the System and Have Faith in It

In the real, not political, world. It’s clear that being concerned about long-term profits de facto means caring about things other than this quarter’s bottom line. Take, for instance, what Buffett writes about BSNF, a large railroad company Berkshire Hathaway owns.

“More than 11% of all inter-city ton-miles of freight in the U.S. is transported by BNSF,” he writes in a section titled “Social Compact.” “All this adds up to a huge responsibility … we must anticipate society’s needs, not just react to them.”

Buffett also writes about the importance of social safety nets and notes the inevitability of government redistribution of some of America’s wealth. The important thing is to keep American productivity growing overall via a system of entrepreneurship and smart long-term investment.

“The price of achieving ever-increasing productivity for the great majority of Americans should not be penury for the unfortunate,” he writes.

The Business ‘Boat’ vs How You’re Rowing

Our business press at the moment is filled with advice about how to develop skills and be the best at your job. (We also live in a generally narcissistic age). But Buffett, like other smart executives I have known, emphasize that the environment you put yourself into matters most. “Eventually, eroding fundamentals overwhelm managerial brilliance.” The best executives in a shrinking business might not yield as much as a great team in a growing industry.

This truism applies to Berkshire Hathaway itself: Buffett and Munger started investing in the second half of the 20th century, when the American economy was dominant. His gratitude for the system is laudable – and understandable.

Remember How Quickly the World Changes

When you are tempted to think you know what’s coming in the short-term, stop. Buffett is comfortable making long-term predictions about the continued growth of the American economy, but not the short-term prospects of any given company.

“We will continue to ignore political and economic forecasts, which are expensive distraction for many investors and businessmen. Thirty years ago, no one could have foreseen the huge expansion of the Vietnam War, wage and price controls, two oil shocks … or treasury bill yields fluctuating between 2.8% and 17.4%,” Buffett writes.


Cunningham is a corporate governance expert who came up with the idea to compile publish Buffett’s annual letters in 1995. He’s also identified 30 companies that follow the Berkshire Hathaway model, publishing a book called Margin of Trust about them. When I pointed out that Buffett to some extent enacts stakeholder capitalism by embracing the long-term over the short-term, he responded, “It’s mostly distracting noise, and food fights and actually not good for people and the country. … “(Buffett) has some very practical observations in order to achieve economic prosperity.”

Cunningham says Buffett’s rarest gift is the ability to be long-term. Part of that ability is disposition, part of it is his ability to surround himself with people who are also geared to the long-term, and part of it is training. Buffett’s mentor was Benjamin Graham, who lived through the Great Depression.

Hard times are apt to teach people not to dwell on the present.

That may be why Buffett’s approach is enjoying even more attention now: The generations that emerged from the pandemic now are facing climate change – which Buffett himself acknowledges as a great danger to the world. These hard times are giving rise to new questions about what defines success: your short-term gains or the value you create over the long-term?

Sun, 31 Dec 2023 06:21:00 -0600 Elizabeth MacBride en text/html
Prime Lens: Best Choices for Your Business No result found, try new keyword!Discover exceptional image quality with the Prime Lens. Perfect for capturing sharp and detailed photos. Elevate your photography game now! Mon, 05 Jun 2023 11:00:04 -0500 en-us text/html Mixtapes, T-Shirts and Even a Typeface Measure the Rise of Hip-Hop

For the last year, celebrations of hip-hop’s first five decades have attempted to capture the genre in full, but some early stars and scenes all but disappeared long before anyone came looking to fete them. Three excellent books published in recent months take up the task of cataloging hip-hop’s relics, the objects that embody its history, before they slip away.

In the lovingly assembled, thoughtfully arranged “Do Remember! The Golden Era of NYC Hip-Hop Mixtapes,” Evan Auerbach and Daniel Isenberg wisely taxonomize the medium into distinct micro-eras, tracking innovations in form and also content — beginning with live recordings of party performances and D.J. sets and ending with artists using the format to self-distribute and self-promote.

For over a decade, cassettes were the coin of the realm in mixtapes, even after CDs usurped them in popularity: They were mobile, durable and easily duplicated. (More than one D.J. rhapsodizes over the Telex cassette duplicator.)

Each new influential D.J. found a way to push the medium forward — Brucie B talks about personalizing tapes for drug dealers in Harlem; Doo Wop recalls gathering a boatload of exclusive freestyles for his “95 Live” and in one memorable section; Harlem’s DJ S&S details how he secured some of his most coveted unreleased songs, sometimes angering the artists in the process.

The book covers some D.J.s who were known for their mixing, like Ron G, and some who were known for breaking new music, like DJ Clue. Some, like Stretch Armstrong & Bobbito, whose late-night radio shows were widely bootlegged before they began distributing copies themselves, managed both.

Mixtapes were big business — one striking two-page photo documents a handwritten inventory list from Rock ’n’ Will’s, a storied shop in Harlem, which showed the breadth of stock on display. Tape Kingz formalized and helped export mixtapes globally, and more than one D.J. remarks about being shocked to see their tapes available for sale when they traveled to Japan.

Mixtapes were the site of early innovations that ended up crucial to the industry as a whole, whether it was proving the effectiveness of street-corner promotion or, via blend tapes in the late ’80s and early ’90s, setting the table for hip-hop’s cross-pollination with R&B.

Eventually, the format was co-opted as a vehicle for record labels like Bad Boy and Roc-a-Fella to introduce new music, or artists like 50 Cent and the Diplomats to release songs outside of label obligations. (The book effectively ends before the migration of mixtapes to the internet, and doesn’t include the contributions of the South.) Even now, the legacy of mixtapes endures, the phrase a kind of shorthand for something immediate, unregulated and possibly ephemeral. But “Do Remember!” makes clear they belong to posterity, too.

That same pathway from informal to formal, from casual art to big business, was traveled by hip-hop’s promotional merchandise, particularly the T-shirt. That story is told over and again in “Rap Tees Volume 2: A Collection of Hip-Hop T-shirts & More 1980-2005,” by the well-known collector DJ Ross One.

It’s a pocket history of hip-hop conveyed through the ways people wanted to wear their dedication to it, and the ways artists wanted to be seen. By the mid-1980s, logos were stylized and stylish. Public Enemy, especially, had a robust understanding of how merchandise could further the group’s notoriety, captured here in a wide range of shirts and jackets.

In the 1980s, hip-hop hadn’t fully cleaved into thematic wings — tours often featured unexpected bedfellows. One tour shirt for the jovial Doug E. Fresh shows his openers included the angsty agit-rap outfit Boogie Down Productions and the ice-cold stoics Eric B. & Rakim.

Many of the shirts in the book were made by record labels for promotion, but there’s a robust bootleg section as well — see the hand-painted denim trench coat featuring Salt-N-Pepa — reflecting the untapped demand that remained long before hip-hop fashion was considered unassailable business.

This collection showcases some of hip-hop’s indelible logos: Nervous Records, the Diplomats, Loud Records, Outkast; shirts for radio stations and long-defunct magazines; impressive sections on Houston rap and Miami bass music; as well as promotional ephemera like Master P boxer shorts, a tchotchke toilet for Biz Markie and an unreleased Beastie Boys skateboard. That “Volume 2” is as thick as its essential 2015 predecessor is a testament to how much likely remains undiscovered, particularly from eras when archiving wasn’t a priority.

Some of the earliest hip-hop T-shirts in “Rap Tees” feature flocked lettering that is familiar from the backs of Hell’s Angels and B-boy crews. The aesthetic is the subject of “Heated Words: Searching for a Mysterious Typeface” by Rory McCartney and Charlie Morgan, a heroic work of sociology, archival research and history that traces the development of the style, from its historical antecedents to the actual locations in New York where young people would get their T-shirts customized to contemporary streetwear’s re-embrace of the form.

This typeface that, the authors discover, has no agreed-upon name (and also no fully agreed-upon back story) conveys “instant heritage,” the typographer Jonathan Hoefler tells them. The lettering derives from black letter, or Gothic typefaces, but the versions that adorned clothes throughout the ’60s, ’70s and ’80s were often more idiosyncratic and, at times, made by hand.

The lettering style thrived thanks to the ease of heat-transfer technology, which allowed the D.I.Y.-inclined to embellish their own garments at will. It was embraced by car clubs and biker gangs (and, to a lesser extent, some early sports teams). Gangs were teams, too, of a sort, as were breakdancing crews. Shirts with these letters became de facto uniforms.

McCartney and Morgan spend a lot of time detailing how the letters themselves came to be and track down the places where they were turned into fashion — spotlighting one store in the Bronx where many gangs would buy their letters, or the Orchard Street shop on the Lower East Side that provided letters for the Clash as well as shirts for Malcolm McLaren’s “Double Dutch” video and the cover of a local newspaper, East Village Eye.

“Heated Words” is relatively light on text: It draws its connections through imagery, both professional and amateur. The book is an impressive compendium of primary sources, many of which have not been seen before, or which have been public, but not viewed through this particular historical lens.

It’s a good reminder, along with “Do Remember!” and “Rap Tees,” that some elusive histories aren’t buried so much as they crumble into barely recognizable pieces. Devoted researchers like these can follow breadcrumb trails and piece together something like the full story, but some details remain forever out of reach, evaporated into yesteryear.

Wed, 03 Jan 2024 03:10:00 -0600 en text/html
This Silly Museum About Crabs Has Serious Things to Say

At the Crab Museum in the seaside town of Margate, England, Tereza Hynkova, 24, stopped in front of a display case, and started to giggle.

Inside was a diorama featuring models of nine crustaceans, including a coconut crab, usually found on tropical islands; a decorator crab, which covers its body with algae for camouflage; and the knobbly horrid elbow crab. The models were anatomically accurate, but the realism ended there. One of the crabs held a pint of beer between its claws. Another clutched a cricket bat. A third was dressed as a suffragist with a “Votes for Women” sash draped across its shell.

A sign above the diorama explained: The species live in different parts of the world so “it would be misleading to depict them in a realistic natural setting.” Instead, the museum’s staff had put the models into a diorama resembling a 1920s English town.

At a time when museums around the world are grappling with how to attract new audiences, with visitor numbers still flagging since the coronavirus pandemic began, the two-year-old Crab Museum’s use of silly humor in its exhibits and wall texts is proving to be a success. It now attracts around 80,000 visitors a year and recently won an award for its social media presence, which it uses to sell jokey merchandise including T-shirts and tote bags.

Much of the humor is childish, and aimed at young visitors. A section on mating habits, for instance, features a photo of crabs midcoitus, emblazoned with the word “censored.” Other elements are more involved. To illustrate how the animals “molt” — a process in which a crab pulls its body out of its shell so that it can then grow a larger exoskeleton — the museum has a bizarre video of Ned Suesat-Williams, one of its founders, struggling to crawl out of a suit of armor backward, without using his hands.

The museum’s text and graphic-led exhibits try to teach visitors about crab anatomy, mating habits and the importance of decapods to marine ecosystems, but also use crabs as ways into discussing bigger issues, including environmental threats and the inequities of capitalism and colonialism.

The more serious displays include postage stamps from former British colonies that featured depictions of crabs, displayed next to wall text discussing imperialism, and a cupboard labeled “Truth Inside! Do Not Open!” that contains text asserting that capitalism has warmed the planet and is threatening ecosystems.

Ned Suesat-Williams, one of the museum’s founders, said in an interview that making a museum funny was a “risky business” — visitors might not get the jokes, after all — but that “everyone learns better when they’re laughing.” Humor provides “a breathing space, where you can talk about difficult topics like climate change without making visitors think the world’s about to end,” he said.

Staff at some of Britain’s more renowned scientific institutions are paying attention to the Crab Museum’s approach. Chris Stringer, of the Natural History Museum in London, said in an email that the museum’s silly approach leads to learning “by stealth.” It “teaches more in a small space and short time than many others with far larger budgets,” he added.

Laura Pye, the director of National Museums Liverpool — a body that includes major art and history institutions — said the museum was one of the funniest she’d seen “in a long time” and a good example of how to make “fairly heavy scientific material accessible.”

In 2019, Ned Suesat-Williams, 30, and his brother Bertie, 33 — who both have a background working for children’s magazines — plus their friend Chase Coley, 32, decided to create a museum that could discuss political issues that they were concerned about, while still engaging young people. They eventually settled on crabs as the museum’s focus because of Margate’s seaside location. Plus, Bertie Suesat-Williams said, crabs were “funny and weird”

The founders — who had no previous professional museum, or crab, experience — devoured books and documentaries on decapods, then developed the museum’s exhibits based on what they found most interesting.

Coley said that they saw themselves as the “bad boys” of Britain’s museum world museum because they did not have a vast collection of objects, seriously displayed. Yet the museum recently secured its first loan item — a 150 million-year-old fossil of a shrimp — and the founders are now taking courses, including in preservation, partly so they can apply for government funding.

“Cosplaying as a museum seems to mean we’ve become one,” Coley said.

On a recent Sunday, not every visitor was charmed by the Crab Museum’s irreverent approach. Mia Gregory, 29, said that she didn’t find the crab diorama amusing because it contained a crustacean dressed as a police officer brandishing a baton in its claws. This aggressive portrayal of the police felt “a little bit political” for a museum about crabs, Gregory said. (She later added that she was a police officer.)

Other visitors seemed delighted by the bright and silly displays and graphics.

Jono Twohey, 43, said that he had recently taken his two sons to the vast Science Museum in London, but that hadn’t “captivated” them for as long as the Crab Museum.

As Twohey discussed the exhibits, one of his children — Finn, aged 9 — shouted for his father’s attention. “Daddy, look at this!” Finn said: “It’s a crab’s eye! It’s disgusting!”

Tue, 26 Dec 2023 20:03:00 -0600 en text/html
How to Apply a Gradient Across a Group of Objects in Illustrator

Erin McManaway holds a B.A. in professional writing from Francis Marion University, where she earned the Richard B. Larsen Memorial Award for Business and Technical Writing. She has worked in materials development, media and information technology in the nonprofit sector since 2006. McManaway has also been a writer and editor since 2008.

Sat, 15 Aug 2020 23:33:00 -0500 en-US text/html

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