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Exam Code: HQT-4210 Hitachi Data Systems Certified Professional - NAS installation HAT history January 2024 by team

HQT-4210 Hitachi Data Systems Certified Professional - NAS installation HAT

Exam Details:
- Number of Questions: The HQT-4210 Hitachi Data Systems Certified Professional - NAS installation exam is a multiple-choice exam. The number of questions may vary, but typically ranges from 60 to 80 questions.

- Time: Candidates are usually given 90 minutes to complete the exam. However, please note that exam durations can be subject to change, so it is advisable to check the official Hitachi Vantara certification website for the most up-to-date information.

Course Outline:
The HQT-4210 exam focuses on assessing the knowledge and skills of professionals involved in the installation and configuration of Hitachi Data Systems NAS (Network Attached Storage) solutions. The course outline covers the following key topics:

1. NAS Fundamentals: Understanding the fundamentals of Network Attached Storage, including NAS architecture, protocols (NFS, CIFS/SMB), and file system concepts.

2. Hitachi NAS Solution Overview: Familiarizing yourself with the Hitachi Data Systems NAS solution, its features, benefits, and use cases. Understanding the various components of Hitachi NAS systems, such as hardware, software, and networking.

3. NAS Installation Planning: Planning and preparing for NAS installation, including assessing customer requirements, designing storage configurations, and ensuring compatibility with existing infrastructure.

4. Hitachi NAS Installation: Performing the installation and initial configuration of Hitachi NAS systems. This includes setting up physical components, network connectivity, configuring storage pools, and creating file systems.

5. NAS System Administration: Managing and administering Hitachi NAS systems post-installation. This includes user and group management, access control, data protection mechanisms, monitoring system performance, and troubleshooting common issues.

6. NAS Integration and Interoperability: Understanding the integration aspects of Hitachi NAS systems with other IT infrastructure components, such as Active Directory, DNS, NIS, and backup solutions. Ensuring interoperability and seamless data access across the network.

Exam Objectives:
The objectives of the HQT-4210 Hitachi Data Systems Certified Professional - NAS installation exam include:

1. Assessing Product Knowledge: Evaluate the candidate's understanding of Hitachi Data Systems NAS solutions, their features, architecture, and components.

2. Testing Technical Competencies: Validate the candidate's proficiency in planning, installing, and configuring Hitachi NAS systems, as well as their ability to administer and troubleshoot these systems.

3. Certifying NAS Installation Professionals: Provide a recognized certification for professionals who demonstrate their expertise in installing and configuring Hitachi Data Systems NAS solutions.

Exam Syllabus:
The HQT-4210 exam syllabus covers the following topics (but is not limited to):

1. NAS Fundamentals:
- Network Attached Storage (NAS) overview
- NAS protocols (NFS, CIFS/SMB)
- File system concepts and features

2. Hitachi NAS Solution Overview:
- Hitachi Data Systems NAS solution features and benefits
- Hitachi NAS hardware components and configurations
- Hitachi NAS software components and functionality

3. NAS Installation Planning:
- Assessing customer requirements for NAS installation
- Designing storage configurations and capacity planning
- Compatibility assessment with existing infrastructure

4. Hitachi NAS Installation:
- Physical installation of Hitachi NAS systems
- Network connectivity and configuration
- Storage pool creation and configuration
- File system creation and configuration

5. NAS System Administration:
- User and group management on Hitachi NAS systems
- Access control and permissions management
- Data protection mechanisms (RAID, snapshots, replication)
- Performance monitoring and troubleshooting

6. NAS Integration and Interoperability:
- Integration with Active Directory, DNS, NIS, and other IT infrastructure components
- Data access and sharing across heterogeneous environments
- Backup and restore procedures and integration with backup solutions
Hitachi Data Systems Certified Professional - NAS installation HAT
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Hitachi Data Systems Certified Professional - NAS
installation HAT
Question: 110
A large company would like to reduce costs by consolidating the number of Windows
servers that provide file services to Windows clients over TCP/IP. They have decided to
purchase a Hitachi NAS Platform for this purpose. Which protocol on the Hitachi NAS
Platform will need to be enabled to provide this functionality?
A. WebFS
Answer: D
Question: 111
A customer has purchased a new Hitachi NAS Platform cluster and intends to migrate
2048 file systems as part of a server consolidation. The customer wants to keep the same
logical file system structure. Which Hitachi NAS Platform file system feature will allow
the consolidation without exceeding the maximum file system limit?
A. Storage Pools
B. Virtual Volumes (V-Vols)
C. Qtrees
D. Cluster Name Space (CNS)
Answer: B
Question: 112
A customer wants to use NDMP to backup up their Hitachi NAS Platform. How many
NDMP clients do they need to configure?
A. one per EVS
B. one per CNS
C. one per Hitachi NAS Platform node
D. one per Hitachi NAS Platform cluster
Answer: A
Question: 113
Your customer has been using MetroCluster for the past three months. They have
recently purchased additional storage for their Hitachi NAS Platform cluster. Which task
must be accomplished to protect this additional storage using MetroCluster?
A. Modify the Intelligent Data Replication (IDR) rule and policy to include additional
B. Add storage pools created from the additional storage to the Incremental Block
Replication (IBR) rule.
C. Include system drive IDs created from the additional storage in the metro.cont file.
D. Modify the HORCM configuration files to include the new P-Vols and S-Vols.
Answer: D
Question: 114
A customer has a Hitachi USP V with 300 GB 15 K RPM drives. They are currently
using Universal Volume Manager (UVM) to manage an AMS2500 with 1 TB SATA
drives. Their Hitachi NAS Platform solution is currently using the USP V internal disk,
however they only need the performance during month-end. Their chargeback is based
on disk type and runs daily. Which Hitachi Data Systems product could the customer
use to reduce costs while meeting their service level objectives?
A. Tiered Storage Manager
B. Data Migrator
C. LUN Manager
Answer: A
Question: 115
Which three advanced networking features are supported by the Hitachi NAS Platform?
(Choose three.)
A. 802.lq VLAN tagging
B. PAgP Cisco Port Aggregation Protocol
C. 802.3ad Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP)
D. jumbo frames
E. 802.ld Spanning Tree Protocol
Answer: A, C, D
Question: 116
A customer has dual Cisco 6500 series switches at their network core and plan to
connect their Hitachi NAS Platform. Which two Hitachi NAS Platform supported
features are compatible with the customer switch environment and will provide the
highest level of fault tolerance? (Choose two.)
A. Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP)
B. Spanning Tree Protocol (802.ld)
C. Cisco Port Aggregation Protocol (PAgP)
D. Cisco Ether channel
Answer: A, D
Question: 117
A customer plans to consolidate their production, development and test environments
onto a Hitachi NAS Platform. All three environments are contained in untrusted active
directory domains. Which Hitachi NAS Platform feature should be enabled to support
this requirement?
A. LDAP Authentication
B. EVS Security
C. multi-domain support
D. NETBIOS support
Answer: B
Question: 118
Your customer would like to integrate a Hitachi NAS Platform 3100 cluster into their
existing 10 Gb network backbone for public data network access. Which two
components are required? (Choose two.)
B. optical XFP
C. copper 10 Gb Base-T
Answer: B, D
Question: 119
You are configuring a Hitachi storage system for attachment to a Hitachi NAS Platform
3090. What are two configuration procedures for optimum performance? (Choose two.)
A. Use at least four RAID groups in a storage pool.
B. Configure at least 400 small LUNs to increase queue depth.
C. Mix faster 15000 RPM drives with 10000 RPM drives into the same RAID group.
D. Create only a single LUN on each RAID group when using SAS or Fibre Channel
Answer: A, D
Question: 120
A customer wants their Hitachi NAS Platform to be monitored with HiTrack, but they
do not want to use the SNMP community "public". Instead, they want to use a new
SNMP community called "hitrack". Which two steps should be performed? (Choose
A. Add the new community to the SNMP access configuration on the NAS platform
B. Add the new community to the SNMP access configuration on the SMU.
C. Add the new community in HiTrack user management tab.
D. Add the new community in the NAS platform MIB file.
Answer: B, C
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Hitachi, Ltd. (6501N.MX) No result found, try new keyword!Overall score is calculated based on proprietary scores based on sector averages in key company indicators: fair value, dividends, innovation, hiring, and insider sentiment. Note: if you don't see ... Sat, 04 Nov 2023 03:32:00 -0500 en-US text/html Chronology of Professional Football

1869-1939 | 1940-1959 | 1960-1979 | 1980-1999 | 2000-present 


Rutgers and Princeton played a college soccer football game, the first ever, November 6. The game used modified London Football Association rules. During the next seven years, rugby gained favor with the major eastern schools over soccer, and modern football began to develop from rugby.


At the Massasoit convention, the first rules for American football were written. Walter Camp, who would become known as the father of American football, first became involved with the game.



In an era in which football was a major attraction of local athletic clubs, an intense competition between two Pittsburgh-area clubs, the Allegheny Athletic Association (AAA) and the Pittsburgh Athletic Club (PAC), led to the making of the first professional football player. Former Yale All-America guard William (Pudge) Heffelfinger was paid $500 by the AAA to play in a game against the PAC, becoming the first person to be paid to play football, November 12. The AAA won the game 4-0 when Heffelfinger picked up a PAC fumble and ran 35 yards for a touchdown. 


The Pittsburgh Athletic Club signed one of its players, probably halfback Grant Dibert, to the first known pro football contract, which covered all of the PAC's games for the year.


John Brallier became the first football player to openly turn pro, accepting $10 and expenses to play for the Latrobe YMCA against the Jeannette Athletic Club.


The Allegheny Athletic Association team fielded the first completely professional team for its abbreviated two-game season.



The Latrobe Athletic Association football team went entirely professional, becoming the first team to play a full season with only professionals.


A touchdown was changed from four points to five.


Chris O'Brien formed a neighborhood team, which played under the name the Morgan Athletic Club, on the south side of Chicago. The team later became known as the Normals, then the Racine (for a street in Chicago) Cardinals, the Chicago Cardinals, the St. Louis Cardinals, the Phoenix Cardinals, and, in 1994, the Arizona Cardinals. The team remains the oldest continuing operation in pro football.


William C. Temple took over the team payments for the Duquesne Country and Athletic Club, becoming the first known individual club owner.


Baseball's Philadelphia Athletics, managed by Connie Mack, and the Philadelphia Phillies formed professional football teams, joining the Pittsburgh Stars in the first attempt at a pro football league, named the National Football League. The Athletics won the first night football game ever played, 39-0 over Kanaweola AC at Elmira, New York, November 21.

All three teams claimed the pro championship for the year, but the league president, Dave Berry, named the Stars the champions. Pitcher Rube Waddell was with the Athletics, and pitcher Christy Mathewson a fullback for Pittsburgh.


The first World Series of pro football, actually a five-team tournament, was played among a team made up of players from both the Athletics and the Phillies, but simply named New York; the New York Knickerbockers; the Syracuse AC; the Warlow AC; and the Orange (New Jersey) AC at New York's original Madison Square Garden. New York and Syracuse played the first indoor football game before 3,000, December 28. Syracuse, with Glen (Pop) Warner at guard, won 6-0 and went on to win the tournament.


The Franklin (Pa.) Athletic Club won the second and last World Series of pro football over the Oreos AC of Asbury Park, New Jersey; the Watertown Red and Blacks; and the Orange AC.

Pro football was popularized in Ohio when the Massillon Tigers, a strong amateur team, hired four Pittsburgh pros to play in the season-ending game against Akron. At the same time, pro football declined in the Pittsburgh area, and the emphasis on the pro game moved west from Pennsylvania to Ohio.


A field goal was changed from five points to four.

Ohio had at least seven pro teams, with Massillon winning the Ohio Independent Championship, that is, the pro title. Talk surfaced about forming a state-wide league to end spiraling salaries brought about by constant bidding for players and to write universal rules for the game. The feeble attempt to start the league failed.

Halfback Charles Follis signed a contract with the Shelby (Ohio) AC, making him the first known black pro football player.


The Canton AC, later to become known as the Bulldogs, became a professional team. Massillon again won the Ohio League championship.


The forward pass was legalized. The first authenticated pass completion in a pro game came on October 27, when George (Peggy) Parratt of Massillon threw a completion to Dan (Bullet) Riley in a victory over a combined Benwood-Moundsville team.

Arch-rivals Canton and Massillon, the two best pro teams in America, played twice, with Canton winning the first game but Massillon winning the second and the Ohio League championship. A betting scandal and the financial disaster wrought upon the two clubs by paying huge salaries caused a temporary decline in interest in pro football in the two cities and, somewhat, throughout Ohio.


A field goal dropped from four points to three.


A touchdown was increased from five points to six.

Jack Cusack revived a strong pro team in Canton.


Jim Thorpe, a former football and track star at the Carlisle Indian School (Pa.) and a double gold medal winner at the 1912 Olympics in Stockholm, played for the Pine Village Pros in Indiana.


Massillon again fielded a major team, reviving the old rivalry with Canton. Cusack signed Thorpe to play for Canton for $250 a game.


With Thorpe and former Carlisle teammate Pete Calac starring, Canton went 9-0-1, won the Ohio League championship, and was acclaimed the pro football champion.


Despite an upset by Massillon, Canton again won the Ohio League championship.


Canton again won the Ohio League championship, despite the team having been turned over from Cusack to Ralph Hay. Thorpe and Calac were joined in the backfield by Joe Guyon.

Earl (Curly) Lambeau and George Calhoun organized the Green Bay Packers. Lambeau's employer at the Indian Packing Company provided $500 for equipment and allowed the team to use the company field for practices. The Packers went 10-1.



Pro football was in a state of confusion due to three major problems: dramatically rising salaries; players continually jumping from one team to another following the highest offer; and the use of college players still enrolled in school. A league in which all the members would follow the same rules seemed the answer. An organizational meeting, at which the Akron Pros, Canton Bulldogs, Cleveland Indians, and Dayton Triangles were represented, was held at the Jordan and Hupmobile auto showroom in Canton, Ohio, August 20. This meeting resulted in the formation of the American Professional Football Conference.

A second organizational meeting was held in Canton, September 17. The teams were from four states-Akron, Canton, Cleveland, and Dayton from Ohio; the Hammond Pros and Muncie Flyers from Indiana; the Rochester Jeffersons from New York; and the Rock Island Independents, Decatur Staleys, and Racine Cardinals from Illinois. The name of the league was changed to the American Professional Football Association. Hoping to capitalize on his fame, the members elected Thorpe president; Stanley Cofall of Cleveland was elected vice president. A membership fee of $100 per team was charged to give an appearance of respectability, but no team ever paid it. Scheduling was left up to the teams, and there were wide variations, both in the overall number of games played and in the number played against APFA member teams.

Four other teams-the Buffalo All-Americans, Chicago Tigers, Columbus Panhandles, and Detroit Heralds-joined the league sometime during the year. On September 26, the first game featuring an APFA team was played at Rock Island's Douglas Park. A crowd of 800 watched the Independents defeat the St. Paul Ideals 48-0. A week later, October 3, the first game matching two APFA teams was held. At Triangle Park, Dayton defeated Columbus 14-0, with Lou Partlow of Dayton scoring the first touchdown in a game between Association teams. The same day, Rock Island defeated Muncie 45-0.

By the beginning of December, most of the teams in the APFA had abandoned their hopes for a championship, and some of them, including the Chicago Tigers and the Detroit Heralds, had finished their seasons, disbanded, and had their franchises canceled by the Association. Four teams-Akron, Buffalo, Canton, and Decatur-still had championship as-pirations, but a series of late-season games among them left Akron as the only undefeated team in the Association. At one of these games, Akron sold tackle Bob Nash to Buffalo for $300 and five percent of the gate receipts-the first APFA player deal.


At the league meeting in Akron, April 30, the championship of the 1920 season was awarded to the Akron Pros. The APFA was reorganized, with Joe Carr of the Columbus Panhandles named president and Carl Storck of Dayton secretary-treasurer. Carr moved the Association's headquarters to Columbus, drafted a league constitution and by-laws, gave teams territorial rights, restricted player movements, developed membership criteria for the franchises, and issued standings for the first time, so that the APFA would have a clear champion.

The Association's membership increased to 22 teams, including the Green Bay Packers, who were awarded to John Clair of the Acme Packing Company.

Thorpe moved from Canton to the Cleveland Indians, but he was hurt early in the season and played very little.

A.E. Staley turned the Decatur Staleys over to player-coach George Halas, who moved the team to Cubs Park in Chicago. Staley paid Halas $5,000 to keep the name Staleys for one more year. Halas made halfback Ed (Dutch) Sternaman his partner.

Player-coach Fritz Pollard of the Akron Pros became the first black head coach.

The Staleys claimed the APFA championship with a 9-1-1 record, as did Buffalo at 9-1-2. Carr ruled in favor of the Staleys, giving Halas his first championship.


After admitting the use of players who had college eligibility remaining during the 1921 season, Clair and the Green Bay management withdrew from the APFA, January 28. Curly Lambeau promised to obey league rules and then used $50 of his own money to buy back the franchise. Bad weather and low attendance plagued the Packers, and Lambeau went broke, but local merchants arranged a $2,500 loan for the club. A public nonprofit corporation was set up to operate the team, with Lambeau as head coach and manager.

The American Professional Football Association changed its name to the National Football League, June 24. The Chicago Staleys became the Chicago Bears.

The NFL fielded 18 teams, including the new Oorang Indians of Marion, Ohio, an all-Indian team featuring Thorpe, Joe Guyon, and Pete Calac, and sponsored by the Oorang dog kennels.  Canton, led by player-coach Guy Chamberlin and tackles Link Lyman and Wilbur (Pete) Henry, emerged as the league's first true powerhouse, going 10-0-2.


For the first time, all of the franchises considered to be part of the NFL fielded teams. Thorpe played his second and final season for the Oorang Indians. Against the Bears, Thorpe fumbled, and Halas picked up the ball and returned it 98 yards for a touchdown, a record that would last until 1972.

Canton had its second consecutive undefeated season, going 11-0-1 for the NFL title.


The league had 18 franchises, including new ones in Kansas City, Kenosha, and Frankford, a section of Philadelphia. League champion Canton, successful on the field but not at the box office, was purchased by the owner of the Cleveland franchise, who kept the Canton franchise inactive, while using the best players for his Cleveland team, which he renamed the Bulldogs. Cleveland won the title with a 7-1-1 record.


Five new franchises were admitted to the NFL-the New York Giants, who were awarded to Tim Mara and Billy Gibson for $500; the Detroit Panthers, featuring Jimmy Conzelman as owner, coach, and tailback; the Providence Steam Roller; a new Canton Bulldogs team; and the Pottsville Maroons, who had been perhaps the most successful independent pro team. The NFL established its first player limit, at 16 players.


Late in the season, the NFL made its greatest coup in gaining national recognition. Shortly after the University of Illinois season ended in November, All-America halfback Harold (Red) Grange signed a contract to play with the Chicago Bears. On Thanksgiving Day, a crowd of 36,000-the largest in pro football history-watched Grange and the Bears play the Chicago Cardinals to a scoreless tie at Wrigley Field. At the beginning of December, the Bears left on a barnstorming tour that saw them play eight games in 12 days, in St. Louis, Philadelphia, New York City, Washington, Boston, Pittsburgh, Detroit, and Chicago. A crowd of 73,000 watched the game against the Giants at the Polo Grounds, helping assure the future of the troubled NFL franchise in New York. The Bears then played nine more games in the South and West, including a game in Los Angeles, in which 75,000 fans watched them defeat the Los Angeles Tigers in the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum.

Pottsville and the Chicago Cardinals were the top contenders for the league title, with Pottsville winning a late-season meeting 21-7. Pottsville scheduled a game against a team of former Notre Dame players for Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Frankford lodged a protest not only because the game was in Frankford's protected territory, but because it was being played the same day as a Yellow Jackets home game. Carr gave three different notices forbidding Pottsville to play the game, but Pottsville played anyway, December 12. That day, Carr fined the club, suspended it from all rights and privileges (including the right to play for the NFL championship), and re-turned its franchise to the league. The Cardinals, who ended the season with the best record in the league, were named the 1925 champions.


Grange's manager, C.C. Pyle, told the Bears that Grange wouldn't play for them unless he was paid a five-figure salary and given one-third ownership of the team. The Bears refused. Pyle leased Yankee Stadium in New York City, then petitioned for an NFL franchise. After he was refused, he started the first American Football League. It lasted one season and included Grange's New York Yankees and eight other teams. The AFL champion Philadelphia Quakers played a December game against the New York Giants, seventh in the NFL, and the Giants won 31-0. At the end of the season, the AFL folded.

Halas pushed through a rule that prohibited any team from signing a player whose college class had not graduated.

The NFL grew to 22 teams, including the Duluth Eskimos, who signed All-America fullback Ernie Nevers of Stanford, giving the league a gate attraction to rival Grange. The 15-member Eskimos, dubbed the Iron Men of the North, played 29 exhibition and league games, 28 on the road, and Nevers played in all but 29 minutes of them.

Frankford edged the Bears for the championship, despite Halas having obtained John (Paddy) Driscoll from the Cardinals. On December 4, the Yellow Jackets scored in the final two minutes to defeat the Bears 7-6 and move ahead of them in the standings.


At a special meeting in Cleveland, April 23, Carr decided to secure the NFL's future by eliminating the financially weaker teams and consolidating the quality players onto a limited number of more successful teams. The new-look NFL dropped to 12 teams, and the center of gravity of the league left the Midwest, where the NFL had started, and began to emerge in the large cities of the East. One of the new teams was Grange's New York Yankees, but Grange suffered a knee injury and the Yankees finished in the middle of the pack. The NFL championship was won by the cross-town rival New York Giants, who posted 10 shutouts in 13 games.


Grange and Nevers both retired from pro football, and Duluth disbanded, as the NFL was reduced to only 10 teams. The Providence Steam Roller of Jimmy Conzelman and Pearce Johnson won the championship, playing in the Cycledrome, a 10,000-seat oval that had been built for bicycle races.


Chris O'Brien sold the Chicago Cardinals to David Jones, July 27.

The NFL added a fourth official, the field judge, July 28.

Grange and Nevers returned to the NFL. Nevers scored six rushing touchdowns and four extra points as the Cardinals beat Grange's Bears 40-6, November 28. The 40 points set a record that remains the NFL's oldest.

Providence became the first NFL team to host a game at night under floodlights, against the Cardinals, November 3.

The Packers added back Johnny (Blood) McNally, tackle Cal Hubbard, and guard Mike Michalske, and won their first NFL championship, edging the Giants, who featured quarterback Benny Friedman.


Dayton, the last of the NFL's original franchises, was purchased by William B. Dwyer and John C. Depler, moved to Brooklyn, and renamed the Dodgers. The Portsmouth, Ohio, Spartans entered the league.

The Packers edged the Giants for the title, but the most improved team was the Bears. Halas retired as a player and replaced himself as coach of the Bears with Ralph Jones, who refined the T-formation by introducing wide ends and a halfback in motion. Jones also introduced rookie All-America fullback-tackle Bronko Nagurski.

The Giants defeated a team of former Notre Dame players coached by Knute Rockne 22-0 before 55,000 at the Polo Grounds, December 14. The proceeds went to the New York Unemployment Fund to help those suffering because of the Great Depression, and the easy victory helped give the NFL credibility with the press and the public.


The NFL decreased to 10 teams, and halfway through the season the Frankford franchise folded. Carr fined the Bears, Packers, and Portsmouth $1,000 each for using players whose college classes had not graduated.

The Packers won an unprecedented third consecutive title, beating out the Spartans, who were led by rookie backs Earl (Dutch) Clark and Glenn Presnell.


George Preston Marshall, Vincent Bendix, Jay O'Brien, and M. Dorland Doyle were awarded a franchise for Boston, July 9. Despite the presence of two rookies-halfback Cliff Battles and tackle Glen (Turk) Edwards - the new team, named the Braves, lost money and Marshall was left as the sole owner at the end of the year.


NFL membership dropped to eight teams, the lowest in history. Official statistics were kept for the first time. The Bears and the Spartans finished the season in the first-ever tie for first place. After the season finale, the league office arranged for an additional regular-season game to determine the league champion. The game was moved indoors to Chicago Stadium because of bitter cold and heavy snow. The arena allowed only an 80-yard field that came right to the walls. The goal posts were moved from the end lines to the goal lines and, for safety, inbounds lines or hashmarks where the ball would be put in play were drawn 10 yards from the walls that butted against the sidelines. The Bears won 9-0, December 18, scoring the winning touchdown on a two-yard pass from Nagurski to Grange. The Spartans claimed Nagurski's pass was thrown from less than five yards behind the line of scrimmage, violating the existing passing rule, but the play stood.


The NFL, which long had followed the rules of college football, made a number of significant changes from the college game for the first time and began to develop rules serving its needs and the style of play it preferred. The innovations from the 1932 championship game-inbounds line or hashmarks and goal posts on the goal lines-were adopted. Also the forward pass was legalized from anywhere behind the line of scrimmage, February 25.

Marshall and Halas pushed through a proposal that divided the NFL into two divisions, with the winners to meet in an annual championship game, July 8.

Three new franchises joined the league-the Pittsburgh Pirates of Art Rooney, the Philadelphia Eagles of Bert Bell and Lud Wray, and the Cincinnati Reds. The Staten Island Stapletons suspended operations for a year, but never returned to the league.

Halas bought out Sternaman, became sole owner of the Bears, and reinstated himself as head coach. Marshall changed the name of the Boston Braves to the Redskins. David Jones sold the Chicago Cardinals to Charles W. Bidwill.

In the first NFL Championship Game scheduled before the season, the Western Division champion Bears defeated the Eastern Division champion Giants 23-21 at Wrigley Field, December 17.


G.A. (Dick) Richards purchased the Portsmouth Spartans, moved them to Detroit, and renamed them the Lions.

Professional football gained new prestige when the Bears were matched against the best college football players in the first Chicago College All-Star Game, August 31. The game ended in a scoreless tie before 79,432 at Soldier Field.

The Cincinnati Reds lost their first eight games, then were suspended from the league for defaulting on payments. The St. Louis Gunners, an independent team, joined the NFL by buying the Cincinnati franchise and went 1-2 the last three weeks.

Rookie Beattie Feathers of the Bears became the NFL's first 1,000-yard rusher, gaining 1,004 on 101 carries. The Thanksgiving Day game between the Bears and the Lions became the first NFL game broadcast nationally, with Graham McNamee the announcer for NBC radio.

In the championship game, on an extremely cold and icy day at the Polo Grounds, the Giants trailed the Bears 13-3 in the third quarter before changing to basketball shoes for better footing. The Giants won 30-13 in what has come to be known as the Sneakers Game, December 9.

The player waiver rule was adopted, December 10.


The NFL adopted Bert Bell's proposal to hold an annual draft of college players, to begin in 1936, with teams selecting in an inverse order of finish, May 19. The inbounds line or hashmarks were moved nearer the center of the field, 15 yards from the sidelines.

All-America end Don Hutson of Alabama joined Green Bay. The Lions defeated the Giants 26-7 in the NFL Championship Game, December 15.


There were no franchise transactions for the first year since the formation of the NFL. It also was the first year in which all member teams played the same number of games.

The Eagles made University of Chicago halfback and Heisman Trophy winner Jay Berwanger the first player ever selected in the NFL draft, February 8. The Eagles traded his rights to the Bears, but Berwanger never played pro football. The first player selected to actually sign was the number-two pick, Riley Smith of Alabama, who was selected by Boston.

A rival league was formed, and it became the second to call itself the American Football League. The Boston Shamrocks were its champions.

Because of poor attendance, Marshall, the owner of the host team, moved the Championship Game from Boston to the Polo Grounds in New York. Green Bay defeated the Redskins 21-6, December 13.


Homer Marshman was granted a Cleveland franchise, named the Rams, February 12. Marshall moved the Redskins to Washington, D.C., February 13. The Redskins signed TCU All-America tailback Sammy Baugh, who led them to a 28-21 victory over the Bears in the NFL Championship Game, December 12.

The Los Angeles Bulldogs had an 8-0 record to win the AFL title, but then the 2-year-old league folded.


At the suggestion of Halas, Hugh (Shorty) Ray became a technical advisor on rules and officiating to the NFL. A new rule called for a 15-yard penalty for roughing the passer.

Rookie Byron (Whizzer) White of the Pittsburgh Pirates led the NFL in rushing. The Giants defeated the Packers 23-17 for the NFL title, December 11.

Marshall, Los Angeles Times sports editor Bill Henry, and promoter Tom Gallery established the Pro Bowl game between the NFL champion and a team of pro all-stars.


The New York Giants defeated the Pro All-Stars 13-10 in the first Pro Bowl, at Wrigley Field, Los Angeles, January 15.

Carr, NFL president since 1921, died in Columbus, May 20. Carl Storck was named acting president, May 25.

An NFL game was televised for the first time when NBC broadcast the Brooklyn Dodgers-Philadelphia Eagles game from Ebbets Field to the approximately 1,000 sets then in New York.

Green Bay defeated New York 27-0 in the NFL Championship Game, December 10 at Milwaukee. NFL attendance exceeded 1 million in a season for the first time, reaching 1,071,200.


Tue, 15 Feb 2022 21:40:00 -0600 en text/html
Hitachi Ltd. ADR (HTHIY) No result found, try new keyword!*Data is provided by Data reflects weightings calculated at the beginning of each month. Data is subject to change. **Green highlights the top performing ETF by % change in the past ... Sat, 23 Oct 2021 00:26:00 -0500 Team History

After three futile attempts at establishing a professional football team in Detroit in the 1920s, the "new" game took a firm foothold in the city beginning in 1934, when Detroit radio executive George A. Richards purchased the Portsmouth, Ohio, Spartans for the then-astounding sum of $8,000 and moved the franchise to the Motor City.

Sanders_Barry_Team_ActionThe Spartans had joined the NFL in 1930 and, in 1932, played in one of history's most pivotal games, a hastily-scheduled championship game against the Chicago Bears that was played indoors at Chicago Stadium. From that game came three major rule changes and the separation of the league into two divisions and the establishment of an annual NFL title showdown.

Unlike previous Detroit pro football teams, the new Lions team was loaded with some of the finest players of the day and the team leader was Dutch Clark, a true triple-threat superstar and the last NFL dropkicker, who became a charter member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame. Playing in the University of Detroit Stadium before crowds of 12,000, the Lions won the NFL championship in their second year, 1935. Those early successes firmly established pro football in Detroit and for more than 60 years the sport has been an integral part of the Michigan sports scene.

The Lions also made their lasting mark by scheduling a Thanksgiving Day game in their first season in 1934 and, except for a six-year gap between 1939 and 1944, continuing the tradition until the present day. Both before and after 1934, other NFL teams have tried Turkey Day games, and except for the Dallas Cowboys, without significant success.

In the 1950s, the Lions enjoyed their finest years ever with four divisional titles and three league championships in 1952, 1953 and 1957. Stars of those glittering teams, whose annual showdowns against the archrival Cleveland Browns fascinated the pro football world, included such future Pro Football Hall of Famers as quarterback Bobby Layne, running back Doak Walker, tackle-guard Lou Creekmur and safety Jack Christiansen.

Since their last title in 1957, the Lions have been looking in vain for the top spot. While outstanding players such as Joe Schmidt, Yale Lary, Lem Barney and Dick "Night Train" Lane earned election to the Pro Football Hall of Fame, the best the Lions were able to accomplish as a team for the next 26 seasons were wild-card berths in 1970 and 1982. The Lions finally ended their long championship drought by winning the NFC Central Division championship in 1983. The Lions under Coach Wayne Fontes and paced by Hall of Fame running back Barry Sanders, the team's all-time rushing leader, also won divisional titles in 1991 and 1993. Detroit's first playoff victories since 1957 took the Lions all the way to the 1991 NFC championship game for the first time in franchise history.

The Lions moved from the University of Detroit Stadium to Briggs Field, home of the baseball Tigers, in 1938, where they stayed for 37 years. In 1975, the Lions moved into the Pontiac Silverdome where they played for 37 years. Then in 2002, the team moved back to downtown Detroit and into a new domed stadium, Ford Field.

In 2007, Detroit drafted Georgia Tech wide receiver Calvin Johnson with their first round selection and two years later, they drafted quarterback Matthew Stafford with the first overall draft pick. The pair went on to lead Detroit to their first three playoff appearances of the 21st century and combine for seven pro bowl selections.

Fri, 14 Aug 2020 17:13:00 -0500 text/html
CyberGhost Vs. ExpressVPN (2023 Comparison)

The core function of a VPN is to hide a user’s real IP address while keeping data safe. Both CyberGhost and ExpressVPN achieve this goal. While both VPNs share some commonalities, they each have unique features.


VPNs encrypt user data by passing it through encryption tunnels to turn readable information into scrambled ciphertext that can only be understood if someone has the corresponding key. This process is important to the added security VPNs bring to customers and depending on the encryption technique used, it can make or break the security capabilities of a given VPN.

CyberGhost and ExpressVPN use AES-256 encryption—the gold standard for VPN encryption—because it is nearly uncrackable with current technology. Both VPNs also employ ChaCha20 encryption in their lightweight VPN protocols as it provides a significant increase in speed without sacrificing security.

VPN Protocols

When your device makes a connection to a VPN server, it does so based on a set of instructions to ensure speed, privacy and stability. These instructions are called VPN protocols and they can affect performance as much as they do security. Using a safe and fast VPN protocol is important for VPNs looking for an edge in the market.

CyberGhost and ExpressVPN both use OpenVPN and IKEv2 protocols, which are reliable and have their uses for different scenarios. OpenVPN is known to excel in security and its open-source nature allows its code to be monitored by savvy users to identify bugs or exploits. IKEv2 is primarily used on mobile phones or on devices that constantly switch networks and it provides decent security but much faster speed.

Users looking to maximize speed in their VPN usage have the option of the Lightway protocol with ExpressVPN or the open-source WireGuard protocol with CyberGhost. ExpressVPN created Lightway which offers similar speeds as WireGuard but with added security.

Lightway also supports obfuscation which can mask VPN usage and make it easier to bypass VPN blocking from companies or governments—giving ExpressVPN an advantage over CyberGhost for streaming or users in regions, such as China, where using VPNs are forbidden.

DNS Blocking

DNS blocking software is used by both ExpressVPN and CyberGhost to block known IP addresses that contain malware, trackers and ads. ExpressVPN users gain access to the Threat Manager tool for domain name server (DNS) blocking as long as they are on Android, iOS, Mac, Linux or using the ExpressVPN Aircove router. CyberGhost customers can activate the “block content” feature within security settings to block ads and malware. This feature is available only on MacOS, Windows, Android and the CyberGhost private browser.


CyberGhost provides Windows users with full access to Intego Antivirus software, which comes with all the features you would expect in a premium antivirus solution. Combined with the aforementioned DNS blocker, users could potentially treat CyberGhost as a full security solution which could be cost-effective for individuals or small businesses looking to beef up security at a competitive price—given they are on the Windows platform.

Kill Switch

Whenever an internet connection is interrupted, most devices or PCs are programmed to reestablish a connection automatically. This becomes a problem for VPN users if a VPN connection gets disrupted and the device decides to connect to an unencrypted source, possibly exposing your data and identity. This occurrence is known as a DNS leak.

Kill switches are designed to prevent DNS leaks by cutting your internet connection completely when your VPN connection drops until the VPN-protected connection is available again. CyberGhost and ExpressVPN each provide kill switches and also have built-in DNS leak protection.

Wed, 27 Dec 2023 21:00:00 -0600 Juliana Kenny en-US text/html
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Pattern Energy secures $11bn clean energy financing for SunZia project No result found, try new keyword!P attern Energy has secured an $11bn non-recourse financing deal for the SunZia clean energy project, which includes SunZia Wind and SunZia Transmission. The SunZia Wind facility, with 3.5GW of power ... Thu, 28 Dec 2023 00:29:05 -0600 en-us text/html Hitachi, Ltd. (HTHIY) Stock Price, News, Quote & History - Yahoo Finance


Daily Spotlight: Stocks Typically Start Year StrongInvestors generally are bullish to start each year, putting new money to work in the market and often benefitting from solid market returns in January and the first quarter. To draw this conclusion, we analyzed data collected on S&P 500 performance from 1980-2023. By our calculations, the S&P 500 in January has advanced on average 1.0%, while the 1Q has generated average market gains of 2.09%. Though not as strong as returns in 2Q (2.9%) and 4Q (4.77%), the first quarter's performance gain is better than the third quarter's (0.26%). The first quarter is fairly consistent as well, with a "win percentage" of 66%. This means that stock returns are positive in 1Q roughly two years out of three, and compares to winning percentages of 65% in 2Q, 61% in 3Q, and 82% in 4Q. To be sure, 1Q has posted its share of clunkers, including 2022 (down 4.9%), when investors started to understand the scope of the Federal Reserve's rate hikes. Let's also not forget 2020, when the coronavirus emerged and the S&P 500 dropped 20%. In 2009, after the collapse of Lehman Brothers and as the U.S. economy was struggling with a deep recession, stocks fell 11.7%. And in 2001, as the "dot-com" bear market started growling, stocks fell 12%. This time around, stocks are riding positive momentum from a double-digit 4Q22. The S&P 500 might not jump the 7% it did in 2023, but falling inflation, low interest rates, and an improving earnings outlook should help stocks.

2 days agoArgus Research

Daily Spotlight: Stocks Typically Start Year StrongInvestors generally are bullish to start each year, putting new money to work in the market and often benefitting from solid market returns in January and the first quarter. To draw this conclusion, we analyzed data collected on S&P 500 performance from 1980-2023. By our calculations, the S&P 500 in January has advanced on average 1.0%, while the 1Q has generated average market gains of 2.09%. Though not as strong as returns in 2Q (2.9%) and 4Q (4.77%), the first quarter's performance gain is better than the third quarter's (0.26%). The first quarter is fairly consistent as well, with a "win percentage" of 66%. This means that stock returns are positive in 1Q roughly two years out of three, and compares to winning percentages of 65% in 2Q, 61% in 3Q, and 82% in 4Q. To be sure, 1Q has posted its share of clunkers, including 2022 (down 4.9%), when investors started to understand the scope of the Federal Reserve's rate hikes. Let's also not forget 2020, when the coronavirus emerged and the S&P 500 dropped 20%. In 2009, after the collapse of Lehman Brothers and as the U.S. economy was struggling with a deep recession, stocks fell 11.7%. And in 2001, as the "dot-com" bear market started growling, stocks fell 12%. This time around, stocks are riding positive momentum from a double-digit 4Q22. The S&P 500 might not jump the 7% it did in 2023, but falling inflation, low interest rates, and an improving earnings outlook should help stocks.

2 days agoArgus Research

Thu, 28 Dec 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en-US text/html

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