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EX300 techniques - Red Hat Certified Engineer - RHCE Updated: 2024

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Exam Code: EX300 Red Hat Certified Engineer - RHCE techniques January 2024 by team

EX300 Red Hat Certified Engineer - RHCE

The performance-based Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) exam for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 (EX300) tests to determine if your knowledge, skill, and ability meet those required of a senior system administrator responsible for Red Hat® Enterprise Linux® systems. Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA®) certification is required to earn RHCE® certification.

The exam based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 is available via on-site and individual exams until July 1, 2020.

An RHCE certification is earned by a Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA) who has demonstrated the knowledge, skill, and ability required of a senior system administrator responsible for Red Hat Enterprise Linux systems

Local and remote logins

Review methods for accessing the system and engaging Red Hat Support.

File system navigation

Copy, move, create, delete, link, and organize files while working from the Bash shell prompt.

Users and groups

Manage Linux users and groups and administer local password policies.

File permissions

Control access to files and directories using permissions and access control lists (ACLs).

SELinux permissions

Manage the SELinux behavior of a system to keep it secure in case of a network service compromise.

Process management

Evaluate and control processes running on a Red Hat Enterprise Linux system.

Updating software packages

Download, install, update, and manage software packages from Red Hat and yum package repositories.

Creating and mounting file systems

Create and manage disks, partitions, and filesystems from the command line.

Service management and boot troubleshooting

Control and monitor system daemons and troubleshoot the Red Hat Enterprise Linux boot process.

Network configuration

Configure basic IPv4 networking on Red Hat Enterprise Linux systems.

System logging and ntp

Locate and accurately interpret relevant system log files for troubleshooting purposes.

Logical volume management

Create and manage logical volumes from the command line.

Scheduled processes

Schedule tasks to automatically execute in the future.

Mounting network file systems

Use autofs and the command line to mount and unmount network storage with NFS and SMB.

Firewall configuration

Configure a basic firewall.

Virtualization and kickstart

Automate the installation of Red Hat Enterprise Linux on virtual machines with kernel-based virtual machine (KVM) and libvirt.

Managing IPv6 networking

Configure and troubleshoot basic IPv6 networking on Red Hat Enterprise Linux systems.

Configuring link aggregation and bridging

Configure and troubleshoot advanced network interface functionality including bonding, teaming, and local software bridges.

Controlling network port security

Permit and reject access to network services using advanced SELinux and firewalld filtering techniques.

Managing DNS for Servers

Set and verify correct DNS records for systems and configure secure-caching DNS.

Configuring E-mail Delivery

Relay all e-mail sent by the system to a SMTP gateway for central delivery.

Providing block-based storage

Provide and use networked iSCSI block devices as remote disks.

Providing file-based storage

Provide NFS exports and SMB file shares to specific systems and users.

Configuring MariaDB databases

Provide a MariaDB SQL database for use by programs and database administrators.

Providing Apache HTTPD Web Service

Configure Apache HTTPD to provide Transport Layer Security (TLS)-enabled websites and virtual hosts.

Writing Bash scripts

Write simple shell scripts using Bash.

Bash conditionals and control structures

Use Bash conditionals and other control structures to write more sophisticated shell commands and scripts.

Configuring the shell environment

Customize Bash startup and use environment variables, Bash aliases, and Bash functions.

Lab content summary

Managing and troubleshooting systemd services during the boot process

Network configuration and basic troubleshooting

Managing local storage, creating and using file systems

Firewall management with firewalld

Automating installation of Red Hat Enterprise Linux® using kickstart

Manage SELinux settings

Using NFS and Samba shared filesystems

iSCSI initiator and target configuration

Domain Name System (DNS) troubleshooting and caching name server

Providing Network File System (NFS) and Server Message Block (SMB) file servers

Apache HTTPD web server management

MariaDB SQL database configuration

Postfix Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) nullclient for servers

Bash scripting for automation
Red Hat Certified Engineer - RHCE
Redhat Certified techniques

Other Redhat exams

EX200 Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA)
EX300 Red Hat Certified Engineer - RHCE
EX407 Red Hat Certified Specialist in Ansible Automation

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Red Hat Certified Engineer - RHCE
Question #29 Section 2
Create a Shell script /root/program:
The shell script will come back to "user" parameter when you are entering "kernel" parameter.
The shell script will come back to "kernel" when you are entering "user" parameter.
It will output the standard error when this script "usage:/root/program kernel|user" dont input any parameter or the parameter you
inputted is entered as the requirements.
Answer: See Explanation
[root@server1 virtual]# cat /root/program
#!/bin/bash param1="$1"
if [ "$param1" == "kernel" ]; then echo "user"
elif [ "$param1" == "user" ]; then echo "kernel" else
echo "usage:/root/program kernel|user" fi
[root@server1 ~]# chmod +x /root/program
Question #30 Section 2
Given the kernel of a permanent kernel parameters: sysctl=1.
It can be shown on cmdline after restarting the system.
Kernel of /boot/grub/grub.conf should be added finally, as:
Answer: See Explanation
Kernel of /boot/grub/grub.conf should be added finally, as:
kernel /vmlinuz-2.6.32-279.1.1.el6.x86_64 ro root=/dev/mapper/vgsrv-root rd_LVM_LV=vgsrv/root rd_NO_LUKS
LANG=en_US.UTF-8 -
rd_LVM_LV=vgsrv/swap rd_NO_MD
SYSFONT=latarcyrheb-sun16 crashkernel=auto KEYTABLE=us rd_NO_DM rhgb quiet rhgb quiet sysctl=1
Question #31 Section 2
Forbidden the Mary user configuration tasks in your system.
Answer: See Explanation
Modify the /etc/cron.deny, add:
[root@server1 ~]# cat /etc/cron.deny mary
1. I find that it is common to add various service access limits in the exam RHCE. The exercises like: require one network segment
can be accessed another network segments can not be accessed, the following are some conclusions for various service:
tcp_wrappers:/etc/hosts.allow,/etc/hosts.deny tcp_wrappers can filter the TCPs accessing service. TCP whether has the filtering
function which depends on this service whether use the function library of tcp_wrappers, or this service whether has the xinetd
process of starting function of tcp_wrappers. tcp_wrapperss main configuration file is /etc/hosts.allow,/etc/ hosts.deny.
And the priority of the documents in hosts. allow is higher than hosts. deny. Visit will be passed if no match was found. sshd,vsftpd
can use the filtering service of tcp_wrappers.
Configuration example: 192.168.0. 150.203. EXCEPT
The two configuration files syntax can refer to hosts_access(5) and hosts_options(5) sshd_config
There are four parameters in this configuration file: DenyUsers, AllowUsers, DenyGroups, AllowGroups, they are used to limit
some users or user groups to proceed Remote Login through the SSH. These parameters priority level is DenyUsers->AllowUsers-
>DenyGroups->AllowGroups Configuration example:
AllowUsers tim rain@ kim@*
httpd Service
Through the /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf in parameters, can add to control the url access. Just as:

DocumentRoot /var/http/virtual -
ServerName -
Options Indexes MultiViews FollowSymlinks order deny,allow deny from all allow from

So pay attention, denys and allows priority level in order deny,allow is: the backer has the higher priority level. But here, allows
priority has a higher priority level.
nfs Service
nfs service directly control the visits through file /etc/exports, just as:
/common *,sync),sync)
samba Service
Parameter hosts allow in /etc/samba/smb.conf which is used as Access Control,just as: hosts allow = 192.168.0.
2. Paying attention to use Mount parameters: _netdev,defaults when you are mounting ISCSI disk.
3. Stop the NetworkManager
/etc/init.d/NetworkManager stop
chkconfig NetworkManager off
5. When you are deploying ifcfg-ethX, add parameters:
6. Empty the firewall in RHCSA, RHCE:
iptables -F
iptables -X
iptables -Z
/etc/init.d/iptables save
7. Narrow lv steps:
1.umount /dev/mapper/lv
2.e2fsck -f /dev/mapper/lv
3.resize2fs /dev/mapper/lv 100M
4.lvreduce -L 50M /dev/mapper/lv
5.mount -a
8. Mount the using command - swap which is newly added in /etc/fstab
9. If Verification is not passed when you are installing software, can import public key: rpm import /etc/pki/rpm/release and so on.
In yum.repo, you also can deploy gpgkey, for example, gpgkey=/etc/pki/rpm/release
10. When you are using "Find" command to search and keep these files, paying attention to use cp -a to copy files if you use user
name and authority as your searching methods.
Question #32 Section 2
Please set the selinux status as enforcing.
Answer: See Explanation
# getenforce 1
# vim /etc/sysconfig/selinux
Question #33 Section 2
Please open the ip_forward, and take effect permanently.
Answer: See Explanation
# vim /etc/sysctl.conf
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1
(takes effect immediately)
# sysctl -w
If no "sysctl.conf" option, use these commands:
# sysctl -a |grep net.ipv4
# sysctl -P net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1
# sysctl -w
Question #34 Section 2
Configure ssh to allow user harry to access, reject the domain ( to access.
Answer: See Explanation
# yum install -y sshd
# chkconfig sshd on
# vim /etc/hosts.deny
# service sshd restart
Use iptables:
# chkconfig iptables on
# iptables -F
# iptables -X
# iptables -Z
# iptables -nvL
# iptables -A INPUT -s -p tcp --dport 22 -j REJECT
# services iptables save
# iptables -nvL
check port)
# cat /etc/services (
Question #35 Section 2
Configure the ftp to allow anonymously download the directory /var/ftp/pub, and reject the domain to access.
Answer: See Explanation
# yum install -y vsftpd
# chkconfig vsftpd on
# services vsftpd start
# vim /etc/hosts.deny
OR -
# iptables -A INPUT -s -p tcp -dport 20:21 -j REJECT
# services iptables save
Question #36 Section 2
Shutdown the /root/cdrom.iso under /opt/data, and set as boot automatically mount.
Answer: See Explanation
# cd /opt/
# mkdir data
# mount -t iso9660 -o loop /root/cdrom.iso /opt/data
# vim /etc/fstab
/root/cdrom.iso /opt/data iso9660 defaults,loop 0 0
# mount -a
# mount
vi /etc/fstab / common nfs defaults 0 0
reboot the system.
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Redhat Certified techniques - BingNews Search results Redhat Certified techniques - BingNews Best Networking Certifications for 2024

Those serious about their information technology (IT) careers should consider one or more of these networking certifications to set themselves apart from their competitors.

When it comes to the care and feeding of modern networks, there’s quite a lengthy list of tools and technologies that qualified IT professionals must master ― especially those who aspire to work as network administrators. In addition to the servers and clients that make up the endpoints in such environments, there’s a lot of network infrastructure to worry about. Add to that the services that run atop of this and related cybersecurity concerns and there is an abundance of focus areas sprouting out of networking.

Those serious about their IT careers should consider one or more of these networking certifications to set themselves apart from their competitors. We’ve put together this article to help make sense of the entirety of the networking certification space. 

We’ve narrowed down the broad range of existing computer networking certifications into more specific categories, within which we’ve highlighted some of the best specific certifications on the market. 

Best Computer Networking Certifications

Computer networking certifications continue to be a gold standard for showing overall knowledge of the networking environment. While networks and their operations have changed drastically over the years — especially with the shift to flexible work and the increasing adoption of cloud technologies — understanding computers is still critical to any more advanced IT role. Networking certifications also open up more advanced areas of study, including cybersecurity roles, network architecture and more advanced system administrator roles. 

Obtaining these certifications demonstrates a willingness to learn as well as mastery of networking essentials. Some of the more advanced certificates are also specifically focused, which can help applicants demonstrate more advanced knowledge of specific technology suites, such as Cisco. Any of these certifications though will help demonstrate knowledge in the computer networking space and make a strong case for job candidates who hold them.

Some of the best computer networking certifications include: 

Best VoIP and Telephony Certifications

Voice-over-internet-protocol (VoIP) and telephony certifications demonstrate an applicant’s knowledge of designing, implementing and maintaining these communication systems. As corporate voice and telephony services have transformed from traditional public-switched telephone networks and private branch exchanges (PBXs) to VoIP and IP PBXs, VoIP and telephony certifications now focus on digital communications, along with a good mix of IP networking protocols and methods to support such traffic and to maintain service quality. Additionally, VoIP and telephony systems are often combined with digital fax, videoconferencing, instant messaging and mobile communications. 

Obtaining a VoIP and telephony certification demonstrates capability in telecommunications technology. Vendor-specific certifications also exist, which can lead to further career growth and employee specialization. Certificate holders can also apply for more specialized roles in this field and may be more likely to receive promotions or competitive offers from potential employers. 

Some of the most valuable VoIP and telephony certifications include: 

Best Unified Communications Certifications

Unified communications (UC) streamlines communications so that geographically dispersed employees can interact digitally as if they’re in the same office, even if they’re located thousands of miles apart. Centralized administration also makes UC popular with IT managers because it reduces the time and effort needed to support and secure corporate communications of all kinds. Because of a need for specialized skills to make large-scale UC implementations run their best, top UC vendors offer certifications to buttress and boost workforce capability and quality.

UC certifications are in high demand. Job search boards list thousands of open positions for UC certification holders in aggregate. Obtaining a UC certification demonstrates hands-on capability, as well as a strong understanding of the technologies running under the UC hood. 

Some of the best UC certifications, along with related cloud certifications, include: 

Best Red Hat Certifications

Red Hat Inc. provides open-source software solutions to a wide range of clients, including a majority of Fortune 500 companies. While the company is perhaps best known for its Red Hat Enterprise Linux distribution, Red Hat also produces a full technology stack including  JBoss middleware, cross-platform virtualization and cloud computing (CloudForms and OpenStack) solutions. Red Hat offers a wide range of certifications covering its diverse product lines and possible employee roles. 

These certifications prepare professionals for roles that require knowledge of the Red Hat environment. Many of these certifications also provide transferable knowledge of Linux and networking components, opening the doors for candidates to additional further growth opportunities. 

Some of the best certifications include: 

Best Information and Cybersecurity Certifications

As cybercrime becomes more prevalent, cybersecurity certifications are more important than ever. Several great cybersecurity certifications help to fill in the cybersecurity knowledge gap while also educating about computer networking concepts — a major bedrock of cybersecurity overall.

Earning a beginner cybersecurity certificate can help launch a cybersecurity career, as well as fill in knowledge gaps applicable to system administrators, network engineers or other similar roles. There are thousands of job listings mentioning these certifications. Some of our favorites include: 

Cybersecurity skills are in high demand. According to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), there are almost 700,000 open cybersecurity roles in the United States with continued labor shortages in this area.

Best Storage Certifications

Skills and certifications related to networked forms of storage, such as storage area networks, network-attached storage, virtualized storage and storage as a service, are in high demand. Like the rest of the tech industry, a variety of vendor-specific and general knowledge certifications exist in this area. 

A search across the job boards reveals hundreds of positions mentioning various storage certifications. A few of the standouts can help applicants stand out in this field while also nurturing either generalized or specific skills. Some of our favorite certifications in this space include: 

Best Digital Forensics Certifications

There’s been a steady demand for digital forensics certifications for the past several years, as computer crime rates continue to escalate. These certifications demonstrate a knowledge of how to perform aspects of digital forensics, including data recovery, evidence preservation and digital artifact preservation. 

These certifications can help individuals find employment with law enforcement or government roles, which may require specific certifications as evidence of meeting minimum standards. Many of these certifications are mentioned hundreds of thousands of times across job listings for specific, open roles. Some of the best digital forensics certifications include: 

Best Wireless Networking Certifications

The majority of networks most people interact with on a daily basis — either professionally or personally —  are wireless. These certifications cover various aspects of wireless networking, from understanding the underlying technologies to covering design and security aspects of network implementation.

As wireless networking continues to expand and evolve, especially with the addition of 5G networks and blended cellular data networks, certifications can help candidates stand out from the rest of the job application pack. Some of our favorite wireless networking certifications cover a wide range of subject areas to help prepare employees for the future of networking. These certifications include: 

Best Big Data Certifications

Today’s organizations are looking for better ways to pull the information they need from massive volumes of data available to them. Big data system administrators store, manage and transfer large sets of data, making them amenable to analysis.

Along with the surge in big data interest comes a growing number of certifications to recognize the necessary skills in working with enormous data sets. The target audience is IT professionals with a background in analytics, data mining, business intelligence or data management, along with a knack for and interest in mathematics and statistics.

Some of our favorite big data certifications include: 

The adoption of big data is relatively new, only emerging in 2005 with the emergence of large quantities of data being collected through platforms, such as YouTube and Facebook. Since then, data has exploded in value.

Best International Association of Privacy Professionals Certifications

Founded in 2000, the International Association of Privacy Professionals (IAPP) is more than just a certification body. It is a full-fledged not-for-profit membership association with a focus on information privacy concerns and topics. Its membership includes both individuals and organizations, in the tens of thousands for the former and the hundreds for the latter, including many Fortune 500 outfits.

The IAPP has developed a globally recognized certification program around information privacy. All these certifications comply with the ANSI/ISO/IEC 17024 standard, which means they have been developed to meet stringent requirements for analyzing the subject matter and the fields of work to which they apply.

The IAPP’s certifications include: 

Privacy standards have become increasingly important as various regulatory bodies have put in place privacy-focused regulations, such as the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation, the United Kingdom’s Data Protection and Digital Information Bill and the California Consumer Privacy Act.

Best SANS GIAC Certifications

The SANS Institute was founded in 1989 to provide IT security and administration information, thought leadership and vendor-neutral training for individuals and businesses. SANS presents in-class courses, training events and technical conferences worldwide. It also offers self-paced online training (SANS OnDemand) and interactive virtual training (SANS Live Online).

SANS courses are known to be expensive. However, these certifications are frequently held in extremely high regard and feature some of the best training available from industry experts. SANS offers training across the entire technology spectrum, covering cyber defense, cyber offense, cloud, open source intelligence, security architecture and more. 

Picking the best SANS GIAC certifications is difficult, as the course catalog is so broad and uniformly well done. However, some well-regarded standouts from SANS include: 

Best Data Center Certifications

Data center certifications are intended for professionals who either work or aspire to work in or manage data centers. These certifications cover a large area, including data center security, efficiency, management and design. 

Earning a data center certification showcases a holder’s knowledge and ability to take on data center-related tasks. Like other certifications, data center certifications come in both generalized knowledge and vendor-specific flavors, providing utility to a wide range of learners. 

Some of the best data center certifications include: 

Tue, 19 Dec 2023 09:59:00 -0600 en text/html
Red Hat Launches Certified Service Provider Program in U.S.

On Tuesday, the Raleigh, N.C. Linux company said it has enrolled about a half-dozen open-source partners in the U.S. to the invite-only CSP program and will expand beyond the U.S. in the future.

The program is currently focused on the Linux operating system but will expand to cover the globe and entire open source stack including Red Hat's JBoss middleware stack in the future, executives said.

As part of the program, Red Hat will initially offer three fixed-price solutions that qualified CSP partners can sell to customers. Red Hat pledges to give certified partners leads and will implement a revenue sharing model for partners that can subcontract with Red Hat's Global Professional Services for the first time, executives said.

InCentric, FusionStorm and Agilysys are among the first dozen or so CSPs, Red Hat announced Tuesday.

"We're now engaging and implementing a channel strategy with a small number of partners who have an open source practice. We need to meet demand in the field," said Mark Enzweiler, vice president of North American channel sales at Red Hat, who came to the Linux company in October after 20 years of channel experience at IBM and Lenovo.

"We want to find a way to formalize a relationship with partners and give them an opportunity to help us and help them grow their open source service practices. CSP is part of that."

Red Hat will offer its CSP partners a more proactive outreach program, regional support, significant incentives and margins on license renewals, integration with the Linux company's go-to-market campaigns, and access to a technical account manager, Enzweiler added.

Red Hat has about 232 partners to date that resell subscriptions and provide services on Red Hat Linux. The CSP program is different because it gives select partners the ability to subcontract with Red Hat's professional services arm, access to Red Hat methodologies, and the right to earn Red Hat's certified stamp of approval, said Rachel Cassidy, vice president of global services for Red Hat, effective Feb 1.

Those seeking CSP certification must be Red Hat advanced business partner (ABP) and agree to use Red Hat developed methodologies for implementing open source stacks at customers sites. There are currently only about 30 Red Hat ABPs on the book.

"We'll bring the partner on Red Hat paper and the revenues will be shared between us," said Cassidy. 'We'll use that consultant under out umbrella. We're still accountable."

Red Hat will shadow partners in the field to train partners and ensure proper methodologies are being used but will not poach any customers nurtured by partners, executives insisted.

Red Hat's three fixed price solutions include a core build service for standardizing the build and deployment process that enables customers to manage thousands of systems; a health check service that enables customers to optimize their IT infrastructure based on an on-site check by experienced consultants; and a satellite implementation service for designing, installing and configuring a Red Hat Network satellite that enable top notch system management for cxustomers with more thna 20 servers.

Red Hat said CSP will also gain exposure to new customers, non open source follow on opportunities, possibilities for supplemental Red hat training and discounted professional services and access to a Red Hat technical specialist.

Since Enzweiler was appointed the new channel chief three month ago, he has hired seven new partner executives, including, Petra Heinrich, Novell SUSE's former channel chief, to lead Red Hat's European channel. That brings the total number of partner execs at red Hat to 13. He is involved in the ongoing restructuring of Red Hat into a regional-based company with local offices that can better support customers and integrators in each district.

Those participating in the CSP program said Red Hat is serious about developing a services channel.

"Red Hat realizes how a channel program will benefit their partners since it is aimed at making it easier for channel partners to do business with Red Hat through better sales, marketing and technical support," Frank Casillo, Director of Marketing at Agilysys. "Customers will also see an advantage through more collaborative efforts by Red Hat and partners in developing open source solutions."

Sun, 10 Dec 2023 22:35:00 -0600 text/html
Red Hat Exec: Training Investments Reflect ‘Renewed Emphasis On Partners’

Partners are ‘getting more content, they’re getting content more quickly and they’re going to have continuous access to it. And all of that is going to put them on a path to getting certified,’ Ken Goetz, Red Hat’s vice president of customer success, tells CRN.


In response to past issues raised by partners, IBM subsidiary Red Hat is investing in improvements to its training and certification offerings for partners, including free access to a range of training courses, discounts on certification exams and a new dynamic skills path experience to help with education goals, job roles and IT challenges.

The investments address past partner concerns about accessing certifications, which for a long time was considered a separate program from customer certifications, Ken Goetz, Red Hat’s vice president of customer success, told CRN in an interview.

Sometimes, training for partners would lag behind training for customers, depriving partners of training for the latest versions of technology produced by the Raleigh, N.C.-based vendor.

[RELATED: IBM ‘A Different Company’ Post-Kyndryl, With Bets On Red Hat, Automation, Consulting]

“We basically just said, ‘OK, the courses and the curriculum we give to our customers to help them get certified, we’re going to make those same courses available to our partners,” Goetz said. “In the past, the content we provided partners was a completely separate development angle. So they weren’t necessarily getting the latest and greatest.”

Now, partners are “getting the exact same content—which we build for our customers—on the latest versions. So they’re getting more content, they’re getting content more quickly and they’re going to have continuous access to it. And all of that is going to put them on a path to getting certified.”

James Marcinek, a Red Hat architect business development manager at Tallahassee, Fla.-based partner Mainline Information System, a member of CRN’s 2022 Managed Service Provider 500, told CRN that he’s been a fan of the vendor’s training programs since he became a Red Hat Certified Engineer in the early 2000s at his own expense.

Even with all the Microsoft, IBM, NetApp and other vendor certifications Marcinek has received over the years, “bar none Red Hat is definitely up there when it comes to what I feel is a top accomplishment,” he said.

He said he appreciates the labs Red Hat provides, even for refresher courses. Those labs differentiate Red Hat from multiple choice exams other vendors provide. With those multiple choice exams, a test taker could guess his or her way to a certification, he said.

“Now that Red Hat’s offering a lot of their training to the partners, I just think it’s going to be a great accelerator for the partners to have their resources, take excellent training as well as achieve certifications that speak for themselves,” Marcinek said.

Red Hat has long billed its products as agnostic when it comes to cloud vendor services—it works with Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure and, of course, its parent’s IBM Cloud. That makes Red Hat certifications transferable and useful no matter the cloud environment workers are in, Marcinek said.

The subsidiary’s reputation for working with multiple cloud vendors is central to IBM’s strategy of winning the hybrid cloud market while it is far behind AWS and Microsoft.

During IBM’s most recent quarterly earnings report in January, the Armonk, N.Y.-based tech giant said that Red Hat grew 19 percent year over year and more than doubled its signings, totaling more than $4 billion since inception.

‘A Renewed Emphasis On Partners’

One of the changes to Red Hat’s training and certification platform is the launch of new dynamic skills paths. Learners can use the Red Hat Training skills path finder by providing objectives and background information. The dynamic skills path experience generates a curriculum for achieving the desired certification out of 30 available.

Paths are available for beginners and experienced practitioners, according to the company. The paths are based on infrastructure modernization, IT automation, migrations, upgrades, container management, accelerating application development and other use cases.

Red Hat also announced that it has expanded training and certification offerings once only available to customers to partners for free, giving them access to self-paced online courses in cloud computing, containers, virtualization, automation and other areas, available in more than seven languages.

Partners can buy instructor-led training, Red Hat learning subscriptions and Red Hat certification exams at a discounted rate, according to the company. The training materials are aimed at customer-facing IT support, consultants, solutions architects, systems administrators, developers and other partner roles.

Red Hat’s investment in its training programs is part of a companywide effort to better recognize its partner ecosystem, Goetz said.

“This is really a renewed emphasis on partners across the company,” he said. “Ecosystem is critical. And the company has been very clear about how we need to empower partners to deepen their abilities to help us deliver solutions and help make Red Hat products more successful in the environment that we operate in.”

Goetz said that he wants to add more educational co-delivery with partners so that they can apply their training in the field. He eventually wants to do away with the financial cost of a certification exam for partners. Not because of the cost of training, which is a few hundred dollars, but to make accessibility easier. Red Hat courses are available on learning platforms such as edX, Coursera and even YouTube.

“If you have to pay for it, someone’s got to sign off on the PO or credit card or something somewhere,” he said. “And it just makes it hard. So anything we can do to take barriers down to simplify the message, to simplify the access.”

He regards technical skills as an important measure of the health of Red Hat’s partner ecosystem. An online forum called the Red Hat Learning Community has about 100,000 members in it for peer-to-peer learning and helping stuck learners.

With the cost of training not the biggest issue for partners, Goetz said he more often hears complaints around motivating employees to take courses and motivating employers to grant the time for workers to skill up.

The usefulness of a Red Hat certification across various environments is a motivator for employees who want to grow their expertise not only in Red Hat’s product suite, Goetz said. For example, SAP deployments are often done on Linux, which partners can use through Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL).

“Linux is the most ubiquitous open-source project in the world,” he said. “It’s one of the largest operating systems. So when you come out, you learn technology that’s predicated on Linux, like our products are—it has huge applicability.”

He continued: “Let’s say you’re in the delivery arm of one of our partners—having core Linux skills and understanding containerization—they’re going to be skills that can take you anywhere in the future because Linux is the backbone of containers and containers is the backbone of the multi-cloud, the hybrid cloud. I’ve actually never heard anyone tell me that they didn’t think these skills were highly transferable and valuable in their careers.”

And all Red Hat exams are performance based without any multiple choice tests where a learner can guess their way into faking proficiency with a technology, he said.

Goetz said that sometimes employers are afraid of giving employees time for training because a worker could use that training to leave the company for a better paying job. He said that the opposite is true and a motivator for employers giving their workers time for education.

“What ends up happening is our data shows that the people who get certified, they stay longer,” he said. “Not only that, but they ramp up more quickly and they’re higher-performing. So who wouldn’t want that in an employee—[one] who ramps up quicker, is higher-performing and stays longer.”

He continued: “So it makes sense that companies that are providing these benefits to their employees would have higher retention rates because they‘re showing that their employees are the No. 1 resource, and they’re willing to invest in them.”

Goetz’s comments were echoed earlier this year during a presentation at the XChange 2022 event hosted by CRN parent The Channel Company.

Steve Cadigan, a Menlo Park, Calif.-based employment consultant with Cadigan Talent Ventures and author who served as LinkedIn’s first chief human resources officer from 2009 to 2012, told a crowd of XChange attendees that workers today seek job opportunities where they can learn and train for jobs of the future.

Job candidates know that technology changes too quickly for them to enter a job prepared for the tasks of next year and further into the future, Cadigan said. Companies have overvalued employees who work at a job for more than five years.

“Talent’s telling us, you know what, I want something more than job security—I want career security,” Cadigan said. “Who would you rather work for—someone who only cares about you when you work there? Or someone that cares about you for your whole career?”

Giving workers time to learn can take away from short-term revenue-generating activity, but it is an investment in the future, Goetz told CRN. In Red Hat’s study of its training programs, the company has seen four and five times the return on investment for employers with more productive and efficient employees resolving support issues faster.

“What I like to challenge people with if this ever comes up is, what is the cost of not training?” he said. “People leave. Their skills become outdated. You don’t have the certifications you need to compete in the marketplace. There’s a whole host of downsides.”

Fri, 15 Apr 2022 01:27:00 -0500 text/html
Office Management Techniques

Based in Green Bay, Wisc., Jackie Lohrey has been writing professionally since 2009. In addition to writing web content and training manuals for small business clients and nonprofit organizations, including ERA Realtors and the Bay Area Humane Society, Lohrey also works as a finance data analyst for a global business outsourcing company.

Sun, 22 Jul 2018 19:13:00 -0500 en-US text/html
8 Best CBD Gummies for January 2024

We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Here’s our process.

Medical News Today only shows you brands and products that we stand behind.

Our team thoroughly researches and evaluates the recommendations we make on our site. To establish that the product manufacturers addressed safety and efficacy standards, we:
  • Evaluate ingredients and composition: Do they have the potential to cause harm?
  • Fact-check all health claims: Do they align with the current body of scientific evidence?
  • Assess the brand: Does it operate with integrity and adhere to industry best practices?
We do the research so you can find trusted products for your health and wellness.

Was this helpful?

CBD gummies are convenient and discreet and may benefit sleep, anxiety, and pain. Here, we discuss and review our top picks from Cornbread Hemp, Medterra, CBDistillery, and more.

Is CBD legal?The 2018 Farm Bill removed hemp from the legal definition of marijuana in the Controlled Substances Act. This made some hemp-derived CBD products with less than 0.3% THC federally legal. However, CBD products containing more than 0.3% THC still fall under the legal definition of marijuana, making them federally illegal but legal under some state laws. Be sure to check state laws, especially when traveling. Also, keep in mind that the FDA has not approved nonprescription CBD products, and some products may be inaccurately labeled.

Disclaimer: All the products tested below were tried by Healthline writers or editors, who received the products for free. All opinions are their own.

This table compares the products in this article on type, price, and more.

People may wish to consider the benefits and drawbacks of CBD gummies before purchasing.

Before purchasing CBD gummies, a person may wish to consider the following:

  • Hemp source: People may think about buying from companies that source hemp responsibly. Several companies use hemp grown in the United States, whereas others use hemp from other countries.
  • THC content: Hemp products with less than 0.3% THC are legal on a federal level. It is essential to check the THC content of a product before purchasing.
  • Unproven medical claims: The FDA has only approved one CBD prescription drug for medical use. The FDA states that people who buy CBD products claiming to treat serious conditions such as cancer, mental health conditions, diabetes, and Alzheimer’s disease should not delay receiving care from a healthcare professional.
  • COA: Products should have a COA detailing the ingredients and contaminant testing results. If a COA is unavailable on a company’s website, a person may wish to contact the company to read the certificate before purchasing a product.

The endocannabinoid system affects the central nervous system and how the body responds to internal and external stressors.

CBD works with other cannabinoids to bind to cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system. However, CBD does not cause a person to become “high.” There are two primary cannabinoid receptors: CB1 receptors, which are present in the central nervous system and the brain, and CB2 receptors, which increase expression after injury and inflammation.

Gummies may contain one of three main variations of CBD. These are:

  • Full-spectrum CBD: This contains all the phytochemicals that occur naturally in the cannabis plant, such as various other cannabinoids, terpenes, and oils. It also includes a trace amount of THC, the psychoactive compound in cannabis that produces a “high.” THC binds to and may activate CB1 receptors, leading to the effects of this compound.
  • Broad-spectrum CBD: This contains all the phytochemicals in the cannabis plant but no THC.
  • CBD isolate: This is the pure form of CBD.

Due to a lack of regulation, companies and consumers sometimes confuse these terms — particularly broad-spectrum CBD and CBD isolate — and use them incorrectly.

Companies that manufacture CBD gummies usually state the best use for them on their websites or product packaging.

Some brands claim a person can take the gummies anytime during the day. Others suggest taking the gummies either at night or in the morning.


There has been very little research into how much CBD an individual should take. Companies tend to state a recommended dosage on the label of their CBD products and suggest starting at a low dose. It is important not to exceed this dosage and to lower it or stop taking CBD immediately if a person experiences any side effects.

People should consider the milligrams of CBD in each dose. Most CBD companies suggest starting with a small dose and gradually increasing it as necessary.

Individuals should not exceed the recommended dose listed on the product packaging.

Learn more about CBD dosages.

A person should consult a doctor before taking any supplements. This is particularly important with CBD gummies. CBD can cause liver problems in some people and may affect male reproductive systems.

In addition, to avoid the risk of potentially harmful interactions, people who take prescription medications should check with a healthcare professional before using CBD gummies.

CBD gummies are a convenient and discreet way of ingesting CBD and can be worth the expense if they relieve mild symptoms of anxiety, stress, or help ease sleeping problems — and early research suggests they can. However, their effect on people will depend on the dose and type of CBD in the gummy. Higher doses will produce more noticeable effects but may not suit people new to CBD.

Some options from our range of the seven best CBD gummies include:

These options offer various flavors, doses, and CBD types. Some are also suitable for smaller budgets.

A person should start with the lowest potency of CBD per gummy and then increase the potency until they achieve the desired effect. This amount will differ from person to person.

Most gummies for everyday use contain 10–25 mg of CBD per gummy. High potency options have a CBD content of 50 mg or more.

One of the strongest CBD gummies on the market is cbdMD’s Broad Spectrum Gummies, which contain 100 mg CBD per gummy.

The FDA states several side effects and potentially serious conditions can occur when using cannabis and CBD.

These side effects may include:

  • drowsiness and sleepiness
  • diarrhea
  • appetite loss
  • irritability and agitation

The FDA also warns that cannabis and CBD products could cause liver injury and may interact with other drugs a person is taking, leading to serious side effects. Additionally, the FDA notes that animal studies show CBD may negatively affect male fertility.

Many reviewers find CBD gummies are effective for lifting the mood and managing stress, and taking CBD in gummy form is convenient and discreet. A person will have to evaluate the effectiveness of CBD gummies depending on their needs and expectations.

A high potency, full-spectrum CBD gummy may be best for pain, although scientific research backing up CBD use for pain is limited. Learn about the best strongest CBD gummies.

Consuming CBD gummies is an easy and discreet way of taking CBD for pain relief, depression, anxiety, or other health issues. Many CBD products are on the market, and some may be better than others.

The FDA does not approve any over-the-counter (OTC) CBD products. A person should research multiple brands and products before making a purchase.

People should also consider the type of CBD a product contains.

People new to CBD may wish to start with a low dose option, such as 5 mg, and increase their intake slowly as their symptoms require.

People should look for companies that provide proof of independent, third-party laboratory testing to ensure their products contain the listed ingredients.

Anyone looking to use CBD for anxiety or depression should speak with a healthcare professional first. This is because CBD could interact with other medications they are taking, such as prescription anti-anxiety medications.

Wed, 13 Dec 2023 10:01:00 -0600 en text/html
The 8 Best CBD Creams for Pain Relief in 2024

We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Here’s our process.

Healthline only shows you brands and products that we stand behind.

Our team thoroughly researches and evaluates the recommendations we make on our site. To establish that the product manufacturers addressed safety and efficacy standards, we:
  • Evaluate ingredients and composition: Do they have the potential to cause harm?
  • Fact-check all health claims: Do they align with the current body of scientific evidence?
  • Assess the brand: Does it operate with integrity and adhere to industry best practices?
We do the research so you can find trusted products for your health and wellness.

Was this helpful?

Our editor tested a wide range of CBD creams for pain relief, looking at potency, ingredients, and brand integrity. Find out why CBDfx, Aspen Green, Cornbread Hemp, and more made our list.

Healthline has sole editorial control over this article. Potential uses for the products listed here are not health claims made by the manufacturers. The information in this article is intended to be general in nature. It’s not intended to be a substitute for medical advice from a healthcare professional. Healthline encourages you to make any treatment decisions with your healthcare professional.

If you’re looking for a cannabidiol (CBD) product to soothe your aches and pains, you have a ton of choices. With gummy, pill, and oil options available, CBD products abound, and they have the potential to help alleviate discomfort. But for muscle or joint pain, topical CBD — such as a CBD cream — may be particularly useful.

But it can be a bit tough to sift through the many CBD products on the market. How can you tell which CBD creams are the real deal?

Read on for my experience testing all the creams hands-on; I provide honest feedback on what worked for me — and what didn’t!

All the products listed below meet our rigorous criteria for quality. Each CBD cream in this article:

  • has been hands-on tested and reviewed by an editor, who received the products for free; all opinions are our own
  • is made by a company that provides proof of third-party testing by an ISO 17025-compliant lab
  • is made by a company that discloses the source of its hemp
  • contains no more than 0.3% THC, according to the certificate of analysis (COA)
  • passes tests for pesticides, heavy metals, and molds, according to the COA

We also considered:

  • the company’s certifications and manufacturing processes
  • product potency
  • overall ingredients
  • indicators of user trust and brand reputation, such as:

You might also notice that some of our picks include extra ingredients that may help with pain relief, including arnica, camphor, and menthol.

I was diagnosed with sciatica in January 2022 and went to physical therapy until I was deemed OK to return to the gym. After I was feeling better, I switched my workout style from lifting (think heavy kettlebells, pushing a sled, and more) to swimming laps (my one true fitness love), yoga, and walking.

I still have sciatica flare-ups from time to time, and pain relief CBD creams have been life-saving when my physical therapy exercises aren’t quite doing the trick. CBD cream is nice to have when your pain is unpredictable. All the creams that I tried are easy to transport and pack in a backpack, gym bag, or suitcase.

Just knowing that I have my trusty CBD cream in my bag helps me push myself on hikes, bike rides, and long walks.

Research into CBD’s pain-relieving abilities is still in the early stages. However, so far, there’s some evidence that topical CBD products, like creams, may help with a variety of pain sensations, including:

  • Arthritis-related pain: A 2016 animal study in rats found that topical CBD may help with arthritis-related pain and swelling. More recently, an anonymous, questionnaire-based 2022 study suggests that CBD use is linked with a perceived decrease in arthritis symptoms. Additionally, a 2023 study in mice suggests that cannabinoids like CBD and cannabichromene may help reduce inflammation, a common arthritis symptom.
  • Nerve pain: A small 2020 study looked at the effects of topical CBD oil on pain. Many people in the study, all with nerve damage, reported having reduced pain levels. They described feeling a dip in sharp, intense, and cold and itchy pain sensations.
  • Jaw pain: A small 2019 study looked into how topical CBD may provide relief from a specific kind of facial pain that mainly affects the jaw. The study found that people who applied topical CBD about two times a day experienced a lot less pain after 2 weeks.

Another 2020 study found that some people in palliative care use THC or CBD regularly and that topical products, in particular, help reduce pain.

If you’re interested in trying an alternative treatment for your pain, you might want to give CBD a shot. However, keep in mind that CBD isn’t a replacement for doctor-prescribed treatments. It can also interact with some medications, including those with a grapefruit warning. If you take any of these medications, CBD may not be a good fit for you.

If your doctor or healthcare professional gives you the OK, though, and you’re looking to target specific pain areas — like arthritis in your fingers, for example — a topical may provide some relief.

CBD might help you get some pain relief, but there are a lot of products out there to sift through. Here’s what to look for when shopping for a CBD topical.

Third-party testing

The FDA doesn’t guarantee the safety, quality, or efficacy of any CBD product — at least for now. It can still take action against companies committing fraud or peddling false health claims, but it’s important for you to carefully read labels before buying.

Look for a product with a COA that’s up to date and comes from a reputable third-party lab. Check that what’s listed on the COA matches up with the company’s product description and that the lab has performed contaminant testing.

We recommend looking for results for heavy metals, molds, and pesticides. If the company uses a solvent-based extraction method, it’s also a good idea to check for residual solvent testing results.

CBD type

Isolates are typically a good option if you’re looking to avoid THC and other cannabinoids, but broad- and full-spectrum may offer more benefits than isolates.

Keep in mind that while any CBD product can have trace levels of THC, full-spectrum CBD will intentionally contain a low level of THC — up to 0.3% in federally legal products.


Choose CBD creams made from all-natural, U.S.-grown hemp. Since you’ll be applying the cream to your skin, check the ingredient label for any known irritants or allergens.

If you’re looking for a CBD topical specifically for pain relief, you may also want to look for products with additional pain-relieving ingredients. Warming and cooling creams, which often contain menthol or arnica, provide an added pain relief component for aches and pain.


Most topical CBD products contain around 3 to 8 mg of CBD per recommended application. If you have chronic pain, you may want to opt for a higher potency product. But if you’re new to CBD, it’s best to start with a lower potency product.

For more information on how to approach CBD dosage-wise, check out our CBD dosage guide.

It’s always best to read the instructions on the package before using any CBD cream. However, in general, CBD creams are meant to be applied topically and massaged into the skin wherever you’re experiencing pain. Have arthritis in your hands? Rub the cream onto your hands, focusing on the painful joints.

If a product contains ingredients specific for pain relief, like menthol or arnica, you might feel cooling or warming sensations. Start with a small application in case those sensations bother you.

Patch test the product by applying a little to the inside of your wrist and waiting to see if you experience any irritation. Even the most natural products can irritate sensitive skin.

Keep CBD cream away from mucous membranes and broken skin.

A 2017 research review showed that CBD is generally safe to use.

Most topicals are for external use only, so you shouldn’t ingest them unless the packaging says it’s safe to do so.

If you have any sores or open wounds, wait to apply CBD cream. Many products shouldn’t be used on broken skin.

While small amounts of low dose CBD products shouldn’t make you feel “high,” some people occasionally experience side effects like:

  • sleepiness
  • diarrhea
  • changes in weight or appetite

However, topicals are unlikely to absorb into your bloodstream and cause full-body effects.

Talk with your doctor or healthcare professional before using CBD since it can interact with certain medications.

Research is still ongoing, but some smaller studies and animal research suggest that CBD may reduce inflammation and help provide pain relief. Studies have specifically looked at CBD for arthritis, nerve, and jaw pain.

Some possible side effects of CBD are:

Whenever you’re using a product that’s new to you, it’s important to check ingredients carefully to avoid any known allergens.

Never apply CBD to broken skin, and remember to perform a patch test before using it for the first time. This can determine if any ingredients in the topical will irritate your skin.

It depends on the person but generally between 15–30 minutes.

Yes. CBD oils meant to be taken orally can also be rubbed into the skin. Just make sure to read the ingredient list for any irritants before you apply oils directly to the skin.

Keep in mind that you can apply some CBD oils to the skin, but don’t ingest products meant specifically for the skin.

The jury is still out on whether CBD topicals offer up definitive pain relief, but many people report having success with creams, lotions, and salves for all kinds of ailments.

For the best results possible, pick a potent, full-spectrum CBD cream from a reputable company that sources quality, organic ingredients.

Remember that the most reputable CBD brands are transparent about their products — including clear descriptions on their website about where products are grown and how they’re processed. Talk with your doctor or healthcare professional before trying CBD.

Is CBD legal? The 2018 Farm Bill removed hemp from the legal definition of marijuana in the Controlled Substances Act. This made some hemp-derived CBD products with less than 0.3% THC legal at the federal level. However, CBD products containing more than 0.3% THC still fall under the legal definition of marijuana, making them illegal at the federal level. Some states have legalized CBD, so be sure to check state laws, especially when traveling. Also, keep in mind that the FDA has not approved nonprescription CBD products, and some products may be inaccurately labeled.

Tue, 19 Dec 2023 09:59:00 -0600 en text/html
Interest rates No result found, try new keyword!Focus is on Bank of Canada’s decision on interest rates in this week’s Advisor Lookahead ... Mon, 25 Dec 2023 22:00:00 -0600 en-CA text/html Noom Expands Its Offline Footprint With Release of First-Ever Cookbook The Noom Kitchen

The cookbook offers 100 delicious recipes that make serving health-forward foods easy for cooks of all skill levels

NEW YORK–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Noom, the leading digital healthcare company helping people live better, longer lives, today announced its second book with the release of its first-ever official cookbook, The Noom Kitchen. All recipes were developed by Adeena Sussman, renowned author, food writer, and recipe developer, to feature healthy twists on Noom users’ most-logged foods and ingredients. The cookbook, published by Simon Element, a lifestyle imprint at Simon & Schuster, is available now wherever books are sold.

Since its founding in 2008, Noom has established itself as the leading digital health platform, harnessing behavior change and technology to create long-term positive health outcomes. Its psychology-based and science-backed approach has helped millions of people live better, healthier lives. With this in mind, Adeena Sussman, The New York Times bestselling author of Shabbat and co-author of Cravings alongside Chrissy Teigen, has developed 100 delicious recipes that make serving health-forward foods easy for cooks of all levels.

“I am thrilled to have worked with Noom on The Noom Kitchen,” said Adeena Sussman. “Not just a collection of recipes, this cookbook helps Noom empower home cooks to make positive choices in their lives and kitchens. The flavorful and nutritious dishes we created aim to inspire a renewed relationship with food, supporting Noom’s mission to create a world where wellness is both attainable and delicious.”

Keeping the core of Noom’s healthy eating principles in mind, the recipes center around the use of nutritionally-rich ingredients, while offering tips and techniques for using ingredients that fill you up without weighing you down. The Noom Kitchen includes details such as how much actual preparation time is required and specific nutritional analyses, so the readers know exactly what they’ll be getting out of each bite, and provides options for portable snacks and lunches, streamlining the planning process for making healthy choices on the go. And for Noom users, each recipe is color-coded to correspond with Noom’s unique system for tracking the nutrient density of each food and meal.

The Noom Kitchen is the perfect resource for individuals striving to attain their health and wellness goals through the power of nutrition.

About Noom

Noom is the digital healthcare company empowering people to live better, longer lives. Noom connects people to content, coaching, community, and clinicians to improve whole-person health. Noom also works with leading health plans and employers offering Noom Med COE, Noom GLP-1 Companion, Noom Healthy Weight, and Noom Diabetes Prevention to millions of covered lives. The company has been awarded multiple grants from the National Institutes of Health and was the first mobile application to be recognized by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a certified diabetes prevention program. Headquartered in New York City, Noom has been named one of Inc.’s Best Places to Work, Quartz’s Best Workplaces for Remote Workers, and Fortune’s Best Workplaces in Technology. To learn more about Noom, visit


Noom Communications

Mon, 01 Jan 2024 10:00:00 -0600 it-IT text/html

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