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CPFO Certified Public Finance Officer (Governmental Accounting, Auditing, and Financial Reporting) exam syllabus |

CPFO exam syllabus - Certified Public Finance Officer (Governmental Accounting, Auditing, and Financial Reporting) Updated: 2024

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Exam Code: CPFO Certified Public Finance Officer (Governmental Accounting, Auditing, and Financial Reporting) exam syllabus January 2024 by team

CPFO Certified Public Finance Officer (Governmental Accounting, Auditing, and Financial Reporting)

Test Detail:
The CPFO (Certified Public Finance Officer) certification is designed to validate the knowledge and expertise of individuals in the field of governmental accounting, auditing, and financial reporting. Here is a detailed overview of the CPFO certification, including the number of questions and time, course outline, exam objectives, and exam syllabus.

Number of Questions and Time:
The exact number of questions and time allotted for the CPFO certification may vary. However, typically, the exam consists of multiple-choice questions that assess the candidate's understanding of governmental accounting, auditing, and financial reporting. The duration of the exam may vary, but it is typically completed within a specified time limit, such as two to three hours.

Course Outline:
The CPFO certification course covers a comprehensive range of topics related to governmental accounting, auditing, and financial reporting. The specific course outline may include the following components:

1. Governmental Accounting and Financial Reporting:
- Introduction to governmental accounting principles and standards
- Fund accounting and financial statement preparation
- Budgeting and financial planning in the public sector
- Cash and debt management in government entities

2. Governmental Auditing and Internal Controls:
- Introduction to governmental auditing principles and standards
- Compliance auditing and performance auditing
- Internal controls in government organizations
- Audit planning, execution, and reporting

3. Financial Analysis and Reporting:
- Financial statement analysis for government entities
- Ratio analysis and financial performance evaluation
- Cost analysis and cost allocation in the public sector
- Long-term financial planning and capital budgeting

4. Governmental Financial Management:
- Revenue generation and taxation in government entities
- Debt management and capital financing strategies
- Grants and intergovernmental financial management
- Risk management and insurance in the public sector

Exam Objectives:
The objectives of the CPFO certification exam are to assess the candidate's knowledge and understanding of governmental accounting, auditing, and financial reporting principles, practices, and regulations. The specific objectives include:

- Evaluating the candidate's knowledge of governmental accounting principles and standards.
- Assessing the candidate's understanding of governmental auditing principles and techniques.
- Testing the candidate's ability to analyze and interpret financial statements of government entities.
- Evaluating the candidate's knowledge of financial management practices and strategies in the public sector.

Exam Syllabus:
The CPFO exam syllabus outlines the specific topics and subtopics that will be covered in the exam. The syllabus may include:

- Governmental accounting principles and standards (e.g., GASB standards)
- Fund accounting and financial statement preparation for government entities
- Governmental auditing principles and standards (e.g., GAGAS)
- Financial analysis and performance evaluation of government entities
- Governmental financial management practices and strategies
- Compliance auditing and internal controls in government organizations

It is important to note that the specific content and format of the CPFO certification exam may vary based on the certification provider or organization offering the certification. It is recommended to refer to the official CPFO certification program website or authorized training providers for the most up-to-date and detailed information regarding the specific CPFO certification exam you are planning to take.
Certified Public Finance Officer (Governmental Accounting, Auditing, and Financial Reporting)
Financial (Governmental exam syllabus

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Certified Public Finance Officer (Governmental Accounting,
Auditing, and Financial Reporting)
Question: 198
Most States require that local government engage the services of an _________ firm to
audit their financial statements.
A. Government accountability office
B. Certified public accounting firm
C. Government finance officers association
D. None of these
Answer: B
Question: 199
The auditor(s) should:
I- Adequately plan the work and properly supervise assistants
II- Properly study internal accounting controls to determine their reliability
These points are the part of
A. General Standards
B. Field work Standards
C. Reporting Standards
D. All of these
Answer: B
Question: 200
The auditors provide _______________ of the reliability of the financial statements.
A. Reasonable assurance
B. Sample
C. Material misstatement
D. None of these
Answer: A
Question: 201
Which of the following opinions is not expressed by auditors as to whether financial
statements are expressed fairly in all material respects with respect to generally accepted
accounting principles?
A. Unqualified opinion
B. Qualified opinion
C. Disclaimer
D. Reversal opinion
Answer: D
Question: 202
If a reportable condition might result in a material misstatement of financial statements,
then it must be noted as a:
A. Material weakness
B. Unqualified report
C. Revised situation
D. Adverse condition
Answer: A
Question: 203
Which of the following danger sign/s help to detect Auditorsí fraud?
A. Borrowing small amounts from fellow employees
B. Pronounced criticism of others, endearing to divert suspicion
C. Replying to Questions with unreasonable explanations
D. All of these
Answer: D
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Financial (Governmental exam syllabus - BingNews Search results Financial (Governmental exam syllabus - BingNews MPPSC Syllabus 2023: Download Prelims & Mains Syllabus PDF

Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission (MPPSC) releases the MPPSC Syllabus on its official website along with the MPPSC notification. Candidates who are going to write the MPPSC 2023 exam should check its syllabus before commencing their preparation. With the help of the MPPSC Syllabus, candidates will be able to identify the topics that are important for the exam and prepare accordingly. MPPSC syllabus is divided into three stages, Prelims Mains and Interview. MPPSC aspirants can find complete details of MPPSC syllabus for Prelims and Mains exam. Additionally, you can also download the syllabus PDF to prepare for the exam. 

MPPSC Syllabus 2023

MPPSC sylllabus 2023 is segregated into Prelims and Mains exam. An interview is also held for the candidates who qualify the Mains exam. MPPSC Prelims syllabus is the first stage of the MPPSC selection process. It is an objective test consisting of General Studies and Aptitude Test for a total of 400 marks. The MPPSC Mains syllabus on the other hand is conventional in nature having 6 papers for a total of 1400 marks. 

It is of prime importance for the MPPSC exam 2023 aspirants to go through the detailed syllabus that we have provided here. You can also download the official MPPSC syllabus PDF for Prelims and Mains exam through the link that has been provided here. 

>>> Download MPPSC Admit Card 2023

MPPSC Syllabus 2023 Overview

Have a look at the table to know the complete overview of the MPPSC Syllabus shared below.

MPPSC Syllabus Particulars Details

Conducting Body

Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission (MPPSC)

Exam Name

MPPSC State Services Exam

Selection Stages

Prelims, Mains, and Interview

Number of Sections

Prelims: 2, Mains: 6

MPPSC Prelims Subject

General Studies, General Aptitude Test

MPPSC Mains Subjects

General Studies-I, General Studies-II, General Studies-III, General Studies-IV, Hindi, Hindi Essay

MPPSC Syllabus PDF for Prelims & Mains

Candidates can download MPPSC syllabus PDF for Prelims and Mains exam through the link that has been updated here. The following gives you the complete details with the list of important topics for each subject. You must ensure that you save the MPPSC syllabus PDF on your device so that you can access it at any time. 

MPPSC Syllabus PDF Download

MPPSC Syllabus 2023 for Prelims Exam

MPPSC Prelims syllabus is the first stage of the MPPSC exam that every candidate must appear for. It is divided into parts, General Studies and General Aptitude Test. This paper is held to select the best candidates for the Mains exam. MPPSC syllabus for Prelims is designed in such a way that it acts as a solid foundation for the Mains exam. It is an objective test consists of the following subjects. 

- General Science and Environment
- Current Events of National & International Importance
- History of India and Independent India
- Indian Polity and Economy
- Sports
- Geography. History and Culture of M.P.
- Polity and Economy of M.P
- Information and Communication Technology

MPPSC General Studies Syllabus

The important topics for the MPPSC Syllabus for General Studies has been provided below. 

MPPSC Syllabus 2023 Subjects


General Science and Environment

Basic Principles of Science.

Health Policy and Programmes.

Agricultural Product Technology.

Food Processing.

Ecological System.

Nutrition, Food, and Nutrient.

Important Indian Scientific Research Institutions and Their achievements, Satellite and Space technology.

Environment and Biodiversity.

Human Body.

Pollution, Natural Disasters, and Management.

Constitution Government

Government India Act 1919 and 1935.

Constituent Assembly.

Financial Institutions- Reserve Bank of India, Nationalised Banks, Security and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), National Stock Exchange (NSE), Non-Banking Financial Institutions.

Constitutional Amendments.

Supreme Court and Judicial System.

Union Executive, President, and Parliament.

Fundamental Rights and Duties of the Citizens and Directive Principles of State policy.

Indian Economy, Industrial Development and Foreign Trade, Import, and Export.

History of India & Independent India

Major events and Major dynasties in the history of Madhya Pradesh.

Contribution of Madhya Pradesh to the freedom movement.

Major features, Events, and administrative, Social, and Economical Systems of Ancient and Medieval India.

Social and Religious Reform movements in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Major festivals, Folk music, Folk arts, and Folk literature of Madhya Pradesh.

Important Literator of Madhya Pradesh and their literature.

Independence struggle and the Indian National Movement for Freedom.

Major arts and Sculpture of Madhya Pradesh.

Major Tribes and Dialects of Madhya Pradesh.

Religious and tourist places of Madhya Pradesh.

Important Tribal Personalities of Madhya Pradesh.

Integration and Reorganization of India after Independence.

Geography of Madhya Pradesh

Forest, Forest Produce, Wildlife, Rivers, Mountains and Mountain ranges of Madhya Pradesh.

Natural and Mineral resources of Madhya Pradesh.

Transport in Madhya Pradesh.

The climate of Madhya Pradesh.

Major Irrigation and Electrical Projects in Madhya Pradesh.

Agriculture, Animal husbandry, and Agriculture based industries in Madhya Pradesh.

Geography of World

Physical Geography: Physical features and Natural regions.

Natural Resources: Forest, Mineral resources, Water, Agriculture, Wildlife, National Parks/ Sanctuaries/Safari.

Natural Resources of World.

Continents/Countries/Oceans/Rivers/Mountains of the world.

Social Geography: Population-related Demography (Population growth, Age, Sex ratio, Literacy).

Economic Geography: Natural and Human resources (Industry, Modes of Transport).

Conventional and Non-conventional Energy Resources.

Current International & National Affairs

Important Personalities and Places.

Important Sports Institutes, Sports Competitions, and Awards of India and Madhya Pradesh.

Major Events.

Information & Communication Technology

Electronics, Information, and Communication Technology.

Internet and Social Networking Sites.

Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and Cyber Security.



National and Regional Constitutional / Statutory Bodies

Election Commission of India.

State Election Commission.

Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Commission.

Backward class Commission.

Comptroller and Auditor General.

NITI Aayog.

Union Public Service Commission.

Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission.

Human Rights Commission.

Women Commission.

Vigilance Commission.

Child Protection Commission.

Information Commission.

National Green Tribunal.

Food preservation Commission etc.

MPPSC General Aptitude Test Syllabus

The 2nd paper for the MPPSC Prelims syllabus is the General Aptitude paper. Basic Mathematics questions, Reasoning questions, Hindi, etc will be a part of the MPPSC General Aptitude syllabus. It consists of the following topics. 

  • Comprehension
  • General mental ability
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem-solving
  • Interpersonal skills, including communication skill
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, the order of magnitude, etc.-Class X level)¬†
  • Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc.-Class X level)
  • Hindi Language Comprehension Skill (Class X level)

mppsc syllabus

MPPSC Mains Syllabus

MPPSC Mains syllabus is the second stage of the MPPSC exam. This is a conventional paper consisting of six papers in total. There are four General Studies papers and two Hindi papers. The details of the MPPSC Mains syllabus are as follows:

MPPSC Syllabus for General Studies 1

MPPSC General Studies syllabus for Paper 1 is the History and Geography paper. It shall have questions based on¬†History & Culture World Histor,¬†ndian History Moguls and their administration,¬†Indian ‚ÄėRenaissance',¬†Indian Culture,¬†Geography Water Management,¬†etc. Here is a list of all the important topics that are covered in the MPPSC GS 1 syllabus.¬†

MPPSC GS 1 Syllabus (History)




Political, Economic, Social and Cultural History of India from Harappan civilization to 10th Century A.D.


Political, Economic, Social and Cultural History of India from 11th to 18th Century A.D. 

Impact of British Rule on Indian Economy and Society.

Mughal rulers and their administration, Emergence of composite culture.


Reactions of Indians against British Colonial Rule: Peasant and Tribal revolts, The First Struggle of Independence.

Emergence of India as a Republic Nation, Reorganization of States, Formation of Madhya Pradesh. Major events of the post-independence period.

Indian Renaissance: National Freedom Movement and its leaders.


Independence Movement in Madhya Pradesh.

Indian Cultural Heritage (with special reference to Madhya Pradesh)

World Heritage sites in Madhya Pradesh and Tourism.

Salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature, Festivals & Architecture from ancient to modern times.


Gondwana, Bundeli, Bagheli, Holkar, Scindia and Bhopal State (From the beginning till independence).

MPPSC GS 1 Syllabus (Geography)


Major Physical Features: Mountains, Plateaus, Plains, Rivers, Lakes and Glaciers.

World Climate: Climate and seasons, distribution of rainfall and climatic regions, Climate change and its effects.

Major Geographical Phenomena: Earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanicity, Cyclone.


  • Major physical features: Mountains, Plateaus, Plains, Rivers, Lakes and Glaciers.
  • Natural Resources: Types and their uses. (A) Water, forest, soil (B) Rocks and minerals.
  • Physiographic Division of India.
  • Food Processing and Related Industries: Scope and significance, Localization of industries, Requisites for forwarding and backward linkages for industries, demand-supply and chain management.
  • Climate: Origin of Monsoon, El Nino, Climate and Seasons, Distribution of rainfall and climatic regions.
  • Population: Growth, distribution, density, sex ratio, literacy, migration, rural and urban population.


  • Major Geomorphic Regions with special reference to Narmada Valley and Malwa Plateau.
  • Natural vegetation and climate.
  • Major Industries: Based on agricultural produce, forests and minerals.
  • Soil: Physical, chemical and biological properties of soil, soil formation process, problems of soil erosion and soil degradation, problem soil and methods of its reclamation, soil conservation planning on a watershed basis.
  • Mineral and Energy Resources: Types, distribution and uses.
  • The Tribes of State


  • Drinking-Water: Supply, factors of impurity of water and quality management.
  • Water management.
  • Groundwater and water conservation.
  • Natural and Man-made disasters, Concept and scope of disaster management, specific hazards and mitigation.
  • Community planning: Resource mapping, relief and rehabilitation, preventive and administrative measures, safe construction. Alternative communication and survival efficiency.


  • Remote sensing: principles, electromagnetic spectrum, components, types of satellite, Application of remote sensing.
  • GPS (Global Positioning System): Basic concepts of GPS and its applications.
  • GIS (Global Information System): Components of GIS, and its applications.

MPPSC Syllabus for General Studies 2

MPPSC Syllabus for General Studies 2 is the Polity, Economics, and Sociology paper. It is divided into two parts. The 1st part is the Constitution, Governance, Political, and Administrative Structure paper while the second part is the Economics and Sociology. Here are the details of the MPPSC GS 2 syllabus for Mains.

Part A- Constitution, Governance, Political, and Administrative Structure



Unit 1.

Constitution of India

Conceptual Elements

Federalism in India

Center-State Relations 

Judiciary in India

Unit 2.

Constitutional Bodies

Politics in India

Civil society, and Public movement, 

National integrity, and security issues

Unit 3.

Public participation and local government (with reference of 73rd and 74th amendment to the Constitution)

Accountability and Rights 

Community-based organizations (CBO)- Non-Government Organizations (NGOs), and Self-help groups (SHG).

Role of Media and Problems (Electronic, Print, and Social) 

Unit 4.

Indian Political Thinkers

Unit 5.

Administration and Management 


Theories of organization, steps, and area of control and unity of command. 

New dimensions of public management, management of change, and development administration.

Part B- Economics and Sociology



Unit 1. Economy of India

Sectors of Economy- Issues and initiatives in the field of agriculture, industry, and services sector in India.

Measurement of national income in India.

Taxation system in India

Fiscal policy of India

Public Distribution System, 

Current Trends and Challenges of the Indian economy 

External Sector

International Organizations and their Headquarters

Unit 2. Economy of Madhya Pradesh

  • Agriculture in Madhya Pradesh- Major crops, holdings and cropping patterns, Social and physical environmental impact on production and distribution of crops,¬†
  • Issues and challenges related with quality and supply of seeds and manure, farming practices in MP
  • Infrastructure and resources of Madhya Pradesh- Irrigation Projects, Energy Resources, Transport, etc.
  • Demographic scenario of Madhya Pradesh and its impacts on the economy of Madhya Pradesh.
  • Industrial sector, growth, trends, and challenges.
  • Availability of skilled human resources, employability, and productivity of human resources, Different trends of employment
  • Issues and challenges of Allied Sector in MP- Horticulture, Poultry, Dairy and Animal Husbandry, Fisheries, etc.
  • Problems and challenges related to agricultural produce, transportation, storage, and marketing in MP.
  • Welfare Schemes of Agriculture.

Unit 3. Human Resource Development


Vulnerable Section of Society- Issues and Welfare Programs

Unit 4.

  • Role of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Community Development.¬†
  • Recent trends in the Voluntary sector regarding Rural Development,¬†
  • Family Court.¬†
  • the concept of civilization and culture.¬†
  • Features of Indian Culture.¬†
  • Rituals- Various references,¬†
  • Caste system.¬†
  • Ashram, Purushartha, Chatushtya
  • Religion and sect influence on society¬†
  • Methods of marriage.
  • Community Development Programme
  • Extension Education,¬†
  • Panchayati Raj,¬†

Unit 5. 

Population and Associated Issues

Schedules Tribes

Nutrition and Health

World Health Organization:- Objectives, Structure, Functions, and Programmes.

MPPSC General Studies 3 Syllabus

MPPSC General Studies Syllabus for Paper 3 consists of Science and Technology. Questions based on class 10th science, latest inventions, discoveries, etc will be part of this paper. Here is a list of all the important topics covered in it. 



Unit 1. Physics 

Work, Power, and Energy- Gravitational Force, Friction, Atmospheric Pressure, and Work. 

Units and Measurement, Examples from daily life.

Speed, Velocity, Acceleration

Sound- Definition, Medium of Propagation, Audible and Inaudible sound, Noise, and Music. Terminology related to Sound:- Amplitude, Wave Length, Frequency of Vibration.

Electricity:- Different types of cells, Circuit.

Magnet:- Properties, preparation, and uses of artificial magnet

Light:- Reflection, Refraction, Mirrors and Lenses, Image Formation,

Heat: Measuring Temperature, Thermometers, Transformation of Heat.

Unit 2. Chemistry

Element, Compound, and Mixture- Definition, Chemical Symbols, Properties, Availability on the Earth,

Material:- Metals and Non-Metals, Periodic Table and Periodicity.

Atom, Atomic Structure, Valancy, Bonding, Nuclear Fusion, and Fission.

Acids, Bases, and Salts. PH Value Indicators.

Physical and Chemical Changes.

Chemistry in daily life

Unit 3. Biology

Micro-organism and Organic Farming.

Cell ‚ÄďStructure and Function, Classification of Animals and Plants.

Nutrition in plants, animals, and human beings, 

Balanced Diet, Vitamins, Deficiency Diseases, Hormones, Body Organs of Human Beings, Structure, and Functioning.

Respiration in Organisms.

Transportation in Animals and Plants.

Reproduction in Animals and Plants

Health and Hygiene and Diseases.

Unit 4. Computer and Digital Governance

Types, Characteristics, and Generations of Computers

Memory, Storage Devices

Input and Output Devices 

Software and Hardware

Operating systems, Windows

Uses of Microsoft Office

Computer Languages- Translators, Compilers, Interpreters and Assemblers.

Internet, E-mail, Social Media


Different useful Portals, Sites, and Web Pages. 

Unit 5. General Maths & Statistics 

General Maths


Unit 6. Health

Communicable diseases and their Prevention.

National Vaccination Programme.

Primary Knowledge of AYUSH- Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha, Homeopathy

Health Related Important Welfare Schemes of Central and State Government.

Major Health Organizations of Central and the State Government.

Unit 7. Technology

Effects of Development on Human Life, 

Limitations of Indigenous Technologies.

History of Remote Sensing, Remote Sensing in India.

Scientific Institutes (General information of above institutions)

Generations of Geostationary Satellite Launch Vehicles.

Biotechnology- Definition, and uses of Biotechnology in sectors of Health and Medicine, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Industry, and Environment.

Clones, Robots, and Artificial Intelligence.

Patents and Rights of Intellectual Property (Trips, Trims) Contribution of Indians in the field of Science and Technology

National and International Awards in the field of Science. 

Unit 8. Energy

Conventional and Non-Conventional Sources of Energy- Meaning, Definition, Examples, and Differences

Energy Efficiency

Energy Management

Organizational Integration, 

Energy Management in Operational Functions, 

Energy Purchase, Production, Production planning and Control, Maintenance.

Issues and Challenges related to Energy Strategies

Alternate Sources of Energy- Present scenario and future possibilities. 

Solar Energy, Wind Energy, Oceanic Energy, Geothermal Energy, Biomass Energy, Biofuel Energy, etc.

Unit 9. Environment 

Environment, Pollution and its types, its impact on the environment, 

Environment Conservation and Biodiversity

Unit 10. Geology

Definition and importance of Geology, Rocks and its types, Minerals and Ores, Fossils, Natural Coal, Natural Oil, and Natural Gas, Weathering and Erosion, Formation of soil

General Studies IV

MPPSC General Studies 4 syllabus consists of philosophy, psychology and public administration. The important topics covered in it are as follows:




Philosophers/Thinkers, Social Reformers: Philosophers/Thinkers, Social Reformers: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Acharya Shankar, Mahavir, Buddha, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Savitribai Phule, Swami Dayanand Saraswati, Charwak, GuruNanak, Kabir, Tulsidas, Ravindra Nath Tagore, Swami Vivekanand, Maharshi Arvind and Sarvpalli Radhakrishnan.


Attitude: Content, Elements, Persuasive Communication, Prejudice and Discrimination, Function Formation of Attitude, Attitudinal Change, Stereotypes Orthodox in the Indian context.

Aptitude: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, Integrity, Empathy, Impartiality and Non-partisanship, Objectivity, Dedication to public service, Tolerance, and Compassion towards the weaker sections.

Emotional Intelligence: Emotional Intelligence-Concepts, their utilities and application in Administration and Governance.

Individual differences.


Ethics and Values in Public Administration: Ethical elements in governance-Integrity, Accountability and Transparency, Ethical Reasoning and Moral Dilemmas, Conscience as a source of ethical guidance. Code of Conduct for Civil Servants, Implementation of Higher values in governance.


Corruption: Types and Causes of Corruption, Effects of corruption, Media, Approaches to minimizing corruption, Role of society, Family and Whistleblower, United Nation Convention on Corruption, Transparency International, Measuring corruption, Lokpal and Lokayukta.


Case Studies: Based on the contents of the syllabus.

MPPSC Syllabus Weightage Subject Wise

The subject wise weightage of MPPSC syllabus for Prelims, Mains and Interview is as follows:

Stages of MPPSC Exam Subjects Marks

MPPSC Prelims

General Studies-Objective (2 Hours)


General Aptitude Test- Objective (2 Hours)


MPPSC Mains 

General Studies-I (3 hours)


General Studies-II (3 hours)


General Studies-III (3 hours)


General Studies-IV (3 hours)


Hindi (3 Hours)


Hindi Essay (2 hours)


MPPSC Interview

Personality Test


FAQs on MPPSC Syllabus

What is MPPSC syllabus?

MPPSC syllabus is released for the MPPSC State Services Examination. The syllabus consists of Prelims, Mains and Interview. The Prelims is the first stage of the MPPSC exam followed by Mains and Interview. It is mandatory to qualify each stage to be eligible for an appointment into the MPPSC SSE.

How many subjects are asked in MPPSC Prelims Syllabus?

As per MPPSC Syllabus, there are two papers i.e General Studies and General Aptitude Test. Both papers are objective in nature. The important topics covered in MPPSC Prelims syllabus are Aptitude, Reasoning, Science and Environment, Polity, GK questions based on Madhya Pradesh state, etc. 

How many subjects are asked in MPPSC Mains Syllabus?

As per MPPSC Syllabus, there are six papers i.e General Studies-I, General Studies-II, General Studies-III, General Studies-IV, Hindi, and Hindi Essay.

How many stages are there in MPPSC Exam?

Ans. There are three stages in MPPSC 2023 recruitment i.e Preliminary, Mains, and Interview rounds.

Wed, 06 Dec 2023 21:52:00 -0600 text/html
MPPSC in eye of storm for reserving rights to change exam rules, syllabus during SSE-2024 No result found, try new keyword!The Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission (MPPSC) is facing criticism for reserving the right to change examination rules and syllabus during the S ... Wed, 03 Jan 2024 22:36:42 -0600 en-us text/html POLITICAL SCIENCE CHALLENGE EXAM

There are two variations of the exam:

  • The American and Wyoming Government (3-credit) Challenge Exam fulfills the University of Wyoming‚Äôs 'V' requirement all by itself.
  • The Wyoming Government (1-credit) Challenge Exam fulfills only the Wyoming portion of that requirement.¬† This option is best for students who have already earned credit for American government by taking an AP U.S.¬† government exam or taking an American government course at another college.

When in doubt, ask your adviser for their insight!

Absolutely! Community colleges, high schools, and the PTSB all send their students to us for the exam. The exam is all-inclusive; you will do everything through the WyoLearn app.


Once you enroll in the course and pay the fee, you are able to start the Challenge Exam at any time.  This allows you to pick the most convenient time and location for you to take the it!

Once you enroll, you can take the exam at your convenience and you will remain on the roster indefinitely.

Nope--the exam setup eliminates the need for a proctor.

Once you have started your exam, you have 150 minutes to take the American and Wyoming Challenge Exam (150 questions) or 50 minutes to take the Wyoming Government Challenge Exam (50 questions).

You cannot log in/out or pause while taking the exam, so make sure you can dedicate enough time before starting the exam.

The American and Wyoming Challenge Exam is 150 multiple-choice questions.

The Wyoming Government Challenge Exam is 50 multiple-choice questions.

Students need to answer 70% of the questions correctly to pass either Challenge Exam.

Nope! Since the exam is pass/fail it does not have any effect on your GPA.

Congrats! Now the School of Politics, Public Affairs, & International Studies (which administers the Challenge Exam) will report your success to UW’s Office of the Registrar - just like other grades are reported. This report is generated at the end of the month that you take the exam and is sent straight to the Office of The Registrar to be reviewed and processed for your degree evaluation.

Exam scores are typically reported at the end of the month, and the Registrar could take up to a week to enter those scores. Look for your scores around the 15th of the following month. If they are still not showing up, reach out to the Office of The Registrar:

We’re sorry to hear that!  We ask that you take two steps, so we can move forward:

  1. Click on the ‚ÄúHelp‚ÄĚ button on the left-hand side of your screen to contact the Student Canvas Support Hotline.
  2. Contact the University of Wyoming Information Technologies Help Desk

Then contact us at Please include any screenshots if you can.

Contact us at so we can help get you set up with the right version of the Challenge Exam.
  1. The Challenge Exam may be taken twice during a student's academic career. The sitting fee must be paid on each attempt. You will need to re-enroll in the Challenge Exam if you would like another attempt.
  2. You can also sign up for a course such as POLS 1000: American and Wyoming Government to meet the University of Wyoming's USP-V requirement or POLS 1100: Wyoming Government (if you only need to satisfy the Wyoming component of the V requirement.)
  3. If you like the idea of a structured class but also like the freedom of being able to dictate your own timeline of learning, you may be interested in exploring the option of registering for our "Self-Paced" version of the POLS 1000 class to fulfill your requirement (see below).
Sun, 12 Nov 2023 06:50:00 -0600 en text/html
Several colleges are yet to complete odd-sem syllabus Mangaluru: The odd semester at Mangalore University (MU) has concluded, with several colleges covering 70% or not finishing the syllabus. Some government colleges have managed to complete a maximum of 80% of the syllabus, according to sources.
It is learnt that the colleges have written to MU to postpone semester examinations, scheduled on January 3, by a week. The ongoing semester’s last working day was on December 16, and practical exams, currently underway, are expected to conclude by the end of this month.
Jayakara Bhandary M, principal of Dr P Dayananda Pai - P Satisha Pai Government First Grade College, Carstreet, said that almost all permanent faculties have completed the syllabus. However, the syllabus being taught by guest faculty remains incomplete since they joined 45 days after the commencement of the academic year. Also, they stopped teaching for more than a week as they went on an indefinite stir. However, permanent faculties who completed the syllabus early had chipped in to complete the syllabus of a few subjects that were taken up by guest faculty. Overall, our college has completed around 80% of the syllabus to date,‚ÄĚ said Bhandary.
Bhandary said that this progress was made possible by conducting special classes for a week after the last working day. The college has also formally written to Mangalore University, requesting a one-week postponement of the theory examinations. This extension would allow them to cover the entire syllabus thoroughly, ensuring students are well-prepared for the exams. A senior professor said that as per the feedback received from colleges, some colleges have completed less than 70% of the syllabus in a few subjects. Under MU, there are 480 guest lecturers out of 600 teaching staff. A syllabus completion rate below 90% is bound to impact the performance of candidates in the upcoming examination, said a history professor from a first-grade government college in Belthangady taluk.
When contacted, Jayaraj Amin, vice-chancellor of MU, said, ‚ÄúInitially, the university had scheduled semester examinations from December 20 to January 17. In response to the request for postponement, the university has granted additional time for syllabus completion. Colleges should refrain from blaming MU for any incompletion of syllabus,‚ÄĚ he said.
We also published the following articles recently
Govt sanctions 43 faculty posts for medical college
The state cabinet has allotted 43 faculty posts in Government Medical College Hospital (MCH), Ernakulam, including 12 faculty for the super specialty wing. This decision aims to strengthen the super specialty services in the hospital and make it a major advanced treatment center in central Kerala. However, the government did not allocate plastic surgeons to the medical college, which is a concern, especially in an industrial capital like Kochi. The construction of the super specialty building is nearing completion, and recently, funds were allotted for procuring medical equipment.
IMOP at Sri City donates universal testing machine to government college
India Metal One Steel Plate Processing (IMOP) Private Limited, a Japanese company based in Sri City, Tirupati district, donated a universal testing machine (UTM) and three digital classrooms to Sri Venkateswara Government Polytechnic College in Tirupati. The UTM, estimated at Rs. 10 lakh, will enhance skill development and boost educational infrastructure. Taizo Iwami, the company's managing director, handed over the equipment to the college authorities. The UTM will contribute to the institute's research capabilities, while the digital classrooms will revolutionize the learning environment for AutoCAD design.
Hijab crusaders hopeful of return to college
Mandya's Muskan and Udupi's Tehrin, two students leading the hijab restoration campaign, expressed support for Karnataka CM Siddaramaiah. Muskan, who gained attention during the hijab ban, is hopeful that she can return to college due to the CM's recent remarks. Tehrin, who had to discontinue studies because of the restriction, sees the CM's statement as a ray of hope amidst hindrances to educational progress.
Wed, 27 Dec 2023 13:04:00 -0600 en text/html
Do I need a financial advisor? No result found, try new keyword!Like millions of Americans, at one time or another, you probably have asked yourself, ‚ÄúDo I need a financial advisor?‚ÄĚ The motivations for hiring a financial advisor vary, but major reasons ... Tue, 14 Nov 2023 22:44:00 -0600 en text/html Government announces changes to adviser exam delivery

The government on Thursday released draft legislation under its commitment to ensure the financial adviser exam remains a pillar of the financial adviser professional standards.

The draft legislation includes amendments that will:

  • Remove the short answer questions from the exam and increase the number of multiple-choice questions.
  • Remove the requirement that only provisional relevant providers and existing advisers can sit the exam.

These amendments concern principles 2 and 5 of the exam, as outlined in the Corporations Determination 2021.

The draft explanatory statement sets out that exams based on multiple choice questions ‚Äúcreate efficiencies‚ÄĚ by enabling computer marking to replace manual marking.

"This reduces the cost of administering exams and improves response times for exam candidates to receive their results."

Regarding changes to principle 5, the explanatory material says that ‚Äúcurrent exam eligibility criteria which restricts access to the exam based on the person having already met the qualifications standard is causing unnecessary delays for new entrants seeking to enter the profession‚ÄĚ.

“Removing this restriction provides flexibility for candidates to sit the exam at an appropriate time. For example, potential new entrants could sit the exam while they are completing their studies.

“This also improves timely access to the exam by reducing bottlenecks and potential delays associated with conducting eligibility assessments for each exam candidate prior to each exam."

The material highlights that all relevant providers are still required to meet the qualifications standard in addition to meeting the exam standard in order to provide personal advice to retail clients.

‚ÄúThe minister has assessed that these amendments are necessary and desirable to ensure that relevant providers are adequately trained and competent to provide personal advice to retail clients in relation to relevant financial products,‚ÄĚ the material states.

The government has invited interested parties to submit their views up until 10 January.

Thu, 14 Dec 2023 00:44:00 -0600 en text/html
JEE Main 2024 - Joint Entrance Examination Main, 2024

The syllabus of JEE Main is set by the National Testing Agency (NTA) every year, and consists of topics of 11th and 12th standard Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics from CBSE/NCERT. Questions in the JEE Main 2024 exam will be asked strictly according to the NTA's JEE Mains syllabus.

Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics are part of the syllabus for Paper 1 (BE/BTech). Syllabus of Paper 2A of the JEE Mains 2024 for Architecture (BArch) includes topics in Mathematics, General Aptitude, and Drawing, whereas Paper 2B (BPlan) includes topics in Mathematics, General Aptitude, and Planning.


Important topics covered under the various subjects in JEE Main 2024 syllabus are listed below:

JEE Main Paper 1 (Engineering)


Topics Covered 


  • Physics and Measurement
  • Kinematics
  • Laws of Motion
  • Work, Energy and Power
  • Rotational Motion
  • Gravitation
  • Properties of Solids and Liquids
  • Thermodynamics
  • Kinetic Theory of Gases
  • Oscillation and Waves
  • Electrostatics
  • Current Electricity
  • Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
  • Electromagnetic induction and Alternating Currents
  • Electromagnetic Waves
  • Optics
  • Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
  • Atoms and Nuclei.
  • Electronic Devices
  • Communication Systems
  • Experimental Skills


  Physical Chemistry

  • Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry
  • Atomic Structure
  • Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure.
  • Chemical Thermodynamics
  • Solutions
  • Equilibrium
  • Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry
  • Chemical Kinetics

Inorganic Chemistry

  • Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
  • s-Block Elements
  • p-Block Elements
  • d and f-Block Elements
  • Co-ordination Compounds

Organic Chemistry

  • Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds
  • Some Basic Principles of Organic¬†Chemistry
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Organic Compounds containing Halogens
  • Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen
  • Organic Compounds containing Oxygen
  • Biomolecules
  • Principles Related to Practical Chemistry


  • Sets, Relations and Functions
  • Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations
  • Matrices and Determinants
  • Permutations and Combinations
  • Binomial Theorem and Its Simple Applications
  • Sequence and Series
  • Limit, Continuity and Differentiability
  • Integral Calculus
  • Differential Equations
  • Co-ordinate Geometry
  • Three Dimensional Geometry
  • Vector Algebra
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Trigonometry

JEE Main Paper 2A (Architecture)


Topics Covered


  • Sets, Relations and Functions
  • Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations
  • Matrices and Determinants
  • Permutations and Combinations
  • Binomial Theorem and Its Simple Applications
  • Sequence and Series
  • Limit, Continuity and Differentiability
  • Integral Calculus
  • Differential Equations
  • Co-ordinate Geometry
  • Three Dimensional Geometry
  • Vector Algebra
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Trigonometry


  • Awareness of persons. Buildings, Materials
  • Three dimensional- perception


  • Sketching of scenes and activities from memory of urbanscape (public space, market, festivals, street scenes, monuments, recreational spaces, etc). landscape (riverfronts. Jungle. Gardens, trees. Plants, etc.) and rural life.

JEE Main Paper 2B (Planning)


Topics Covered


  • Sets, Relations and Functions
  • Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations
  • Matrices and Determinants
  • Permutations and Combinations
  • Binomial Theorem and Its Simple Applications
  • Sequence and Series
  • Limit, Continuity and Differentiability
  • Integral Calculus
  • Differential Equations
  • Co-ordinate Geometry
  • Three Dimensional Geometry
  • Vector Algebra
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Trigonometry


  • Awareness of persons. Buildings, Materials
  • Three dimensional- perception


  • General Awareness
  • Social Sciences
  • Thinking Skills
Mon, 01 Jan 2024 20:39:00 -0600 en text/html
AI is a danger to the financial system, regulators warn for the first time

New York CNN ¬†‚ÄĒ¬†

Top federal regulators are warning for the first time that the use of artificial intelligence poses a risk to the financial system.

The Financial Stability Oversight Council, a team of leading regulators across the US government, formally classified AI on Thursday as an ‚Äúemerging vulnerability.‚ÄĚ

Sophisticated AI models have exploded in popularity in recent years, even as many prominent names within the field say the nascent technology could have disastrous effects if it grows out of control.

‚ÄúAI has the potential to spur innovation and drive efficiency, but its use in financial services requires thoughtful implementation and supervision to manage potential risks,‚ÄĚ FSOC warned in its annual report Thursday.

FSOC, created in the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis and led by US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen, cautioned that AI can ‚Äúintroduce certain risks,‚ÄĚ including cybersecurity concerns, compliance risks and privacy issues.

Regulators also expressed concern about ‚Äúcomplicating factors‚ÄĚ related to generative AI models like ChatGPT.

For example, the council flagged data security, consumer protection and privacy risks posed by financial firms using generative AI. And they flagged that generative AI models can produce flawed results known as ‚Äúhallucinations.‚ÄĚ

Another worry for regulators is that some AI models operate as ‚Äúblack boxes‚ÄĚ ‚Äď meaning their inner workings are impenetrable to outsiders.

FSOC said this ‚Äúlack of ‚Äėexplainability‚Äô can make it difficult to assess the system‚Äôs conceptual soundness, increasing uncertainty about their suitability and reliability.‚ÄĚ

In other words, if banks are relying on mysterious AI models, that makes it hard to understand how sturdy their underlying systems truly are.

Relatedly, regulators expressed concern about how these AI systems could ‚Äúproduce and possibly mask biased or inaccurate results.‚ÄĚ That in turn would raise worries about fair lending and other consumer protection issues, FSOC said.

The move comes just two years after regulators first classified climate change as an ‚Äúemerging threat to US financial stability.‚ÄĚ

AI investment and adoption has boomed, even as some experts warn of serious dangers with the technology. President Joe Biden recently signed an executive order instructing federal agencies to take steps to safeguard the development of AI, which is a booming area of adoption and investment.

‚ÄúErrors and biases can become even more difficult to identify and correct as AI approaches increase in complexity, underscoring the need for vigilance by developers of the technology, the financial sector firms using it, and the regulators overseeing such firms,‚ÄĚ FSOC said.

The popularity of ChatGPT and other generative AI tools, which use large language models to identify patterns in data and create text and images, has only accelerated the interest in AI.

Thu, 14 Dec 2023 08:12:00 -0600 en text/html

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