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CBEST test prep - California Basic Educational Skills Test Updated: 2024

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Exam Code: CBEST California Basic Educational Skills Test test prep January 2024 by Killexams.com team

CBEST California Basic Educational Skills Test

Section Number of Questions

Reading 50 (Multiple Choice)

Mathematics 50 (Multiple Choice)

Writing 2



35% of questions Computation and problem solving

30% of questions Estimation, measurement, and statistical principles

35% of questions Numerical and graphic relationships



HOW ARE THE MULTIPLE CHOICE

QUESTIONS ARE SCORED?

Skill Area Performance: Your performance on the multiple-choice test questions
for each skill area is indicated next to the skill area title. The information will help
you assess your areas of strength and weakness and/or will help you prepare to
retake any section(s) of the test. For each skill area, you will see one of the
designations that appear below.

Each section score is based on a scale ranging from 20 to 80. For the
Reading and Mathematics sections, your score is derived from the total
number of questions you answered correctly.



Personal Experience - the “Experience” essay
Topics include reminiscences about people or past events,
situations at home, school, or in the community, current
events and issues, observations about the media, hobbies,
personal successes and accomplishments, changes the
writer would like to see made, career choices, and the like.
Explanatory/Analytic - the “Issue” essay
Calls on the writer to explain current issues and ideas,
controversies, difficulties, or opinions.



Rhetorical Force – the clarity with which the central idea or
point of view is stated and maintained; the coherence of
the discussion and the quality of the writers ideas.
Organization – the clarity of the writing and the logical
sequence of the writers ideas.

Support and Development – the relevance, depth, and
specificity of the supporting information



Each of the three sections receives a score ranging from 20 to 80. The passing score for each section is 41. The total passing score for the CBEST is 123. If you score below the passing mark on one section (or even on two sections) but your total score is 123 or higher, you can still pass the exam but only if your score in each section is 37 or above. This test is paper based or computer administered.



Let our outstanding teachers give you the edge to pass this very important California state teachers exam! Our credentialed instructors provide you with expert in-class instruction, successful test-taking strategies, computer-assisted information, and practice testing by topic area. Two class meetings consist of a mathematics review (problem solving, estimation, measurement, and numerical/graphic relationships). One class meeting consists of multiple approaches to help you improve your reading comprehension and essay writing skills. The book included in the course fee is CliffsTestPrep CBEST® preparation guide, revised by authors of BTPS Testing.



The CBEST measures proficiencies in three general areas: reading comprehension, mathematics and essay writing. This test was developed to meet requirements related to credentialing and employment. It is based upon the theory that teachers should be able to use the same skills taught to students – skills essential to students both in the classroom and outside school. All questions (except the essay in the Writing Section) are multiple choice with five answer choices for each question.


California Basic Educational Skills Test
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Question: 78 Section 1
In 1899, Czar Nicholas II of Russia invited the nations of the world to a conference at The Hague. This conferenceand
a follow-up organized by Theodore
Roosevelt in 1907ushered in a period of vigorous growth in international law. This growth was in response to several
factors, not least of which was the increasing potential for destruction of modern warfare. The recently concluded Civil
War in the United States made this potential clear. During this growth, the subjects of international law were almost
exclusively restricted to the relationships that countries had with one another. Issues of trade and warfare dominated
both the disputes and the agreements of the period. _________, the developments of this period paved the way for
further expansion of international law, which has occurred in the last several years. ________, organizations such as
the United Nations and the International Court of Justice are greatly concerned not only with the way countries deal
with one another, but the ways in which they treat their own citizens.
On the basis of above passage please answer the following question
According to the passage, what was the impact of the U.S. Civil War on the development of international law?
A. It encouraged the United States to join the international community.
B. It allowed armaments manufacturers to test new weapons.
C. It diminished the influence of the United States internationally.
D. It resulted in the suspension of agriculture exports from Southern states.
E. It highlighted the increasing destructive capabilities of modern warfare.
Answer: E
Choices a, b, c, and d are not supported by information in the passage. Thus, the best choice is e.
Question: 79 Section 1
In 1899, Czar Nicholas II of Russia invited the nations of the world to a conference at The Hague. This conferenceand
a follow-up organized by Theodore
Roosevelt in 1907ushered in a period of vigorous growth in international law. This growth was in response to several
factors, not least of which was the increasing potential for destruction of modern warfare. The recently concluded Civil
War in the United States made this potential clear. During this growth, the subjects of international law were almost
exclusively restricted to the relationships that countries had with one another. Issues of trade and warfare dominated
both the disputes and the agreements of the period. _________, the developments of this period paved the way for
further expansion of international law, which has occurred in the last several years. ________, organizations such as
the United Nations and the International Court of Justice are greatly concerned not only with the way countries deal
with one another, but the ways in which they treat their own citizens.
On the basis of above passage please answer the following question
Which of the following is the best meaning of the phrase ushered in as it is used in the passage?
A. escorted
B. progressed
C. guarded
D. heralded
E. conducted
Answer: D
Choices a, c, and e are possible definitions of ushered, but do not fit in the context of the passage. Choice b is an
incorrect definition. Heralded, choice d, is the best definition in the context.
Question: 80 Section 1
Emperor Charlemagne of the Franks was crowned in 800 A.D. The Frankish Empire at that time extended over what is
now Germany, Italy, and France.
Charlemagne died in 814, but his brief reign marked the dawn of a distinctly European culture. The artists and thinkers
that helped create this European civilization drew on the ancient texts of the Germanic, Celtic, Greek, Roman, Hebrew,
CBEST-2.html[8/4/2021 5:18:34 AM]
and Christian worlds. __________________________________________. These mores in turn laid the groundwork
for the laws, customs, and even attitudes of todays Europeans.
On the basis of above passage please answer the following question
According to the passage, for how many years was Charlemagne Emperor of the Franks?
A. fourteen years
B. fifteen years
C. thirteen years
D. sixteen years
E. twelve years
Answer: A
Choices a, c, and e are possible definitions of ushered, but do not fit in the context of the passage. Choice b is an
incorrect definition. Heralded, choice d, is the best definition in the context.
Question: 81 Section 1
Emperor Charlemagne of the Franks was crowned in 800 A.D. The Frankish Empire at that time extended over what is
now Germany, Italy, and France.
Charlemagne died in 814, but his brief reign marked the dawn of a distinctly European culture. The artists and thinkers
that helped create this European civilization drew on the ancient texts of the Germanic, Celtic, Greek, Roman, Hebrew,
and Christian worlds. __________________________________________. These mores in turn laid the groundwork
for the laws, customs, and even attitudes of todays Europeans.
On the basis of above passage please answer the following question
Which of the following is the best meaning of the word "culture" as it is used in the passage?
A. the fashionable class
B. a community of inter-related individuals
C. a partnership
D. a group of loosely associated outsiders
E. an organized group with a common goal
Answer: B
Although all of the choices are possible definitions of culture, the passage is speaking of a community of inter-related
individuals Europeans.
Question: 82 Section 1
Emperor Charlemagne of the Franks was crowned in 800 A.D. The Frankish Empire at that time extended over what is
now Germany, Italy, and France.
Charlemagne died in 814, but his brief reign marked the dawn of a distinctly European culture. The artists and thinkers
that helped create this European civilization drew on the ancient texts of the Germanic, Celtic, Greek, Roman, Hebrew,
and Christian worlds. __________________________________________. These mores in turn laid the groundwork
for the laws, customs, and even attitudes of todays Europeans.
On the basis of above passage please answer the following question
Which sentence, if inserted into the blank line in the passage, would be most consistent with the writers purpose and
intended audience?
A. In order to understand these traditions as prototype, one must be familiar with the issues surrounding the
transference of rites from generation to generation.
B. Cultural traditions function to identify members of a culture to one another and, also, to allow the individual
to self-identify.
C. Many of the traditions of these cultures remained active in Frankish society for centuries.
D. When tradition is lacking or is not honored by the younger generation in a society, there is danger that the
culture will be lost.
CBEST-2.html[8/4/2021 5:18:34 AM]
E. I don???t think it is necessary to discuss the origin of these traditions; it will only muddy the water.
Answer: C
The missing sentence is in a portion of the passage which is discussing the long-term impacts of the Franks, therefore,
c is the best choice. Choices b and d are written in a style appropriate to the passage, but the information is not
appropriate. Choice a uses jargon and choice e is too informal.
Question: 83 Section 1
Freedom of Expression, 217290 -
Text of the First Amendment, 217
Suppression of Message Content, 217272
Cohen v. California, 219220 -
Marketplace of Ideas, 221225 -
Abrams v. United States, 223 -
Unprotected Categories, 225259 -
Chaplin v. New Hampshire, 226 -
Obscenity, 232239 -
Miller v. California, 233235 -
Advocating (Imminent) Illegal Behavior, 239242
Schenck v. Ohio, 240 -
Defamation, 242246 -
New York Times v. Sullivan, 243245
Fighting Words, 247252 -
Feiner v. New York, 249 -
Mere rationality analysis, 252260
Brandenburg v. Ohio, 256259 -
Outside the Unprotected Categories, 260272
Regulations Presumed Unconstitutional, 260263
Metromedia, Inc. v. San Diego, 261263
Governments Interest, 264272 -
Chicago Police Department v.Mosley, 266267
Significance, 267 -
Widmar v. Vincent, 268269 -
Narrowly Drawn, 270272 -
Boos v. Barry, 270271 -
Incidental Interference with Expression, 273290
CBEST-2.html[8/4/2021 5:18:34 AM]
Time, Place, and Manner, 274277 -
Clark v. Community for Creative Non-Violence, 275276
Forum, 278283 -
Hague v. CIO, 281283 -
Public, 279 -
Not Public, 280 -
Governments Interest, 283290 -
Schneider v. State, 284286 -
Significance, 286287 -
Narrowly Drawn, 287289 -
Available Alternatives, 289290 -
On the basis of above index please answer the following question
On which pages should one look to find information about the categories of unprotected speech?
A. 217???220
B. 221???225
C. 225???259
D. 260???272
E. 273???290
Answer: C
Unprotected categories of expression are discussed on pages 225259.
Question: 84 Section 1
Freedom of Expression, 217290 -
Text of the First Amendment, 217
Suppression of Message Content, 217272
Cohen v. California, 219220 -
Marketplace of Ideas, 221225 -
Abrams v. United States, 223 -
Unprotected Categories, 225259 -
Chaplin v. New Hampshire, 226 -
Obscenity, 232239 -
Miller v. California, 233235 -
Advocating (Imminent) Illegal Behavior, 239242
CBEST-2.html[8/4/2021 5:18:34 AM]
Schenck v. Ohio, 240 -
Defamation, 242246 -
New York Times v. Sullivan, 243245
Fighting Words, 247252 -
Feiner v. New York, 249 -
Mere rationality analysis, 252260
Brandenburg v. Ohio, 256259 -
Outside the Unprotected Categories, 260272
Regulations Presumed Unconstitutional, 260263
Metromedia, Inc. v. San Diego, 261263
Governments Interest, 264272 -
Chicago Police Department v.Mosley, 266267
Significance, 267 -
Widmar v. Vincent, 268269 -
Narrowly Drawn, 270272 -
Boos v. Barry, 270271 -
Incidental Interference with Expression, 273290
Time, Place, and Manner, 274277 -
Clark v. Community for Creative Non-Violence, 275276
Forum, 278283 -
Hague v. CIO, 281283 -
Public, 279 -
Not Public, 280 -
Governments Interest, 283290 -
Schneider v. State, 284286 -
Significance, 286287 -
Narrowly Drawn, 287289 -
Available Alternatives, 289290 -
On the basis of above index please answer the following question
Which of the following best describes the organizational pattern used in the section of the book dealing with
suppression of message content?
A. by the types of publications involved
B. by the courts that heard the cases
C. by the dates of the court decisions
CBEST-2.html[8/4/2021 5:18:34 AM]
D. by the forum in which the speech took place
E. by the category of the content of the speech
Answer: E
Although this information is about expression, it is not organized by the types of publications involved, choice a; and
although the index contains court cases, it does not indicate which courts heard the cases choice b or the dates of the
decisions choice c. Choice d, the forum in which the speech took place, is an entry in the index, but does not impact its
organization.
Question: 85 Section 1
Ratatouille is a dish that has grown in popularity worldwide over the last few years. Essentially, ratatouille is a
vegetable stew, which usually features eggplant, zucchini, tomato, peppers, and garlic, chopped, mixed together,
sauteed briefly, and finally, cooked slowly over low heat. As the vegetables cook slowly, they make their own broth,
which may be extended with a little tomato paste. The name ratatouille comes from the French word touiller, meaning
to stir or mix together.
On the basis of above passage please answer the following question
According to the information presented in the passage, what should one do immediately after chopping the vegetables?
A. saute them
B. mix them together
C. cook them slowly over low heat
D. add tomato paste
E. add garlic
Answer: B
The actions in choices a, c, and d, come after chopping the vegetables, but not immediately. Choice e is actually
mentioned before the direction to chop the vegetables.
Question: 86 Section 1
When the current measure used to calculate poverty levels was introduced in 1963, the poverty line for a family of two
adults and two children was about $3,100.
In 1992, there were 36.9 million people, or 14.5% of the U.S. population, with incomes below the poverty line. A
proposed new way of measuring poverty levels would include for the first time the effects of work-related expenses
such as transportation costs and child care costs on families available income. The largest effect of the new measure
would be a decrease in the percentage of people in families receiving cash welfare who fall under the poverty line, and
an increase in the percentage of people in working families who fall under it. People in families receiving cash welfare
would make up 30% of the poor under the new measure, compared with 40% under the current measure. In contrast,
people in working families would make up 59% of the poor under the new measure, compared with
51% under the current measure.
On the basis of above passage please answer the following question
According to the 1963 standards, the current number of poor working families is approximately what proportion of the
population?
A. 30%
B. 60%
C. 40%
D. 59%
E. 51%
Answer: E
See the last sentence of the passage for the correct answer, 51 percent.
Question: 87 Section 1
CBEST-2.html[8/4/2021 5:18:34 AM]
When the current measure used to calculate poverty levels was introduced in 1963, the poverty line for a family of two
adults and two children was about $3,100.
In 1992, there were 36.9 million people, or 14.5% of the U.S. population, with incomes below the poverty line. A
proposed new way of measuring poverty levels would include for the first time the effects of work-related expenses
such as transportation costs and child care costs on families available income. The largest effect of the new measure
would be a decrease in the percentage of people in families receiving cash welfare who fall under the poverty line, and
an increase in the percentage of people in working families who fall under it. People in families receiving cash welfare
would make up 30% of the poor under the new measure, compared with 40% under the current measure. In contrast,
people in working families would make up 59% of the poor under the new measure, compared with
51% under the current measure.
On the basis of above passage please answer the following question
One difference between the current and proposed measures is the fact that
A. the proposed measure identifies fewer working poor.
B. the current measure identifies fewer working poor.
C. the proposed measure disregards expenses for basic needs.
D. the current measure includes more people with health insurance.
E. the current measure ignores the completely destitute.
Answer: B
The second paragraph states that the current measure identifies fewer working poor, so choice a is incorrect. The
proposed measure does not disregard expenses for basic needs (choice c); it includes the value of non-cash benefits.
The current measure identifies fewer people with health insurance (choice d).
There is no indication in the passage that either measure ignores the destitute (choice e).
Question: 88 Section 1
A narrow fellow in the grass -
Occasionally rides;
You may have met him did you not?
His notice sudden is.
The grass divides as with a comb,
A spotted shaft is seen,
And then it closes at your feet -
And opens further on.
He likes a boggy acre,
A floor too cool for corn,
Yet when a boy, and barefoot,
I more than once at noon -
Have passed, I thought, a whip-lash
Unbraiding in the sun,
When, stooping to secure it,
It wrinkled, and was gone.
Several of natures people -
I know and they know me;
I feel for them a transport -
Of cordiality;
But never met this fellow,
Attended or alone,
CBEST-2.html[8/4/2021 5:18:34 AM]
Without a tighter breathing -
And zero at the bone.
On the basis of above poem please answer the following question
Who or what is the "fellow" in this poem?
A. a whip-lash
B. a weed
C. a snake
D. a gust of wind
E. a boy
Answer: C
The fellow frightens the speaker. a, b, d, and e are not frightening.
Question: 89 Section 1
A narrow fellow in the grass -
Occasionally rides;
You may have met him did you not?
His notice sudden is.
The grass divides as with a comb,
A spotted shaft is seen,
And then it closes at your feet -
And opens further on.
He likes a boggy acre,
A floor too cool for corn,
Yet when a boy, and barefoot,
I more than once at noon -
Have passed, I thought, a whip-lash
Unbraiding in the sun,
When, stooping to secure it,
It wrinkled, and was gone.
Several of natures people -
I know and they know me;
I feel for them a transport -
Of cordiality;
But never met this fellow,
Attended or alone,
Without a tighter breathing -
And zero at the bone.
On the basis of above poem please answer the following question
The phrase "Without a tighter breathing / And zero at the bone" most nearly indicates
A. fright.
B. cold.
C. grief.
D. awe.
E. relief.
CBEST-2.html[8/4/2021 5:18:34 AM]
Answer: A
Tighter breathing indicates fear, as does zero at the bone(one is sometimes said to be cold with fear). Also, the subject
is a snake, which is generally feared animal.
Question: 90 Section 1
A narrow fellow in the grass -
Occasionally rides;
You may have met himdid you not?
His notice sudden is.
The grass divides as with a comb,
A spotted shaft is seen,
And then it closes at your feet -
And opens further on.
He likes a boggy acre,
A floor too cool for corn,
Yet when a boy, and barefoot,
I more than once at noon -
Have passed, I thought, a whip-lash
Unbraiding in the sun,
When, stooping to secure it,
It wrinkled, and was gone.
Several of natures people -
I know and they know me;
I feel for them a transport -
Of cordiality;
But never met this fellow,
Attended or alone,
Without a tighter breathing -
And zero at the bone.
On the basis of above poem please answer the following question
The phrase "nature???s people" means
A. nature-lovers.
B. children.
C. animals.
D. neighbors.
E. grain.
Answer: C
In context, the speaker is discussing animals, because he follows with his contrasting attitude toward this fellow,
meaning the snake. The other choices are all human beings.
Question: 91 Section 1
A narrow fellow in the grass -
Occasionally rides;
You may have met himdid you not?
His notice sudden is.
CBEST-2.html[8/4/2021 5:18:34 AM]
The grass divides as with a comb,
A spotted shaft is seen,
And then it closes at your feet -
And opens further on.
He likes a boggy acre,
A floor too cool for corn,
Yet when a boy, and barefoot,
I more than once at noon -
Have passed, I thought, a whip-lash
Unbraiding in the sun,
When, stooping to secure it,
It wrinkled, and was gone.
Several of natures people -
I know and they know me;
I feel for them a transport -
Of cordiality;
But never met this fellow,
Attended or alone,
Without a tighter breathing -
And zero at the bone.
On the basis of above poem please answer the following question
The speaker of this poem is most likely
A. an adult woman.
B. an adult man.
C. a young girl.
D. a young boy.
E. Emily Dickinson.
Answer: B
Stanza three contains the phrase when a boy implying the speaker was a boy in the past and is now, therefore, an adult
man.
Question: 92 Section 1
By using tiny probes as neural prostheses, scientists may be able to restore nerve function in quadriplegics and make
the blind see or the deaf hear. Thanks to advanced techniques, a single, small, implanted probe can stimulate individual
neurons electrically or chemically and then record responses. Preliminary results suggest that the microprobe telemetry
systems can be permanently implanted and replace damaged or missing nerves. The tissue-compatible microprobes
represent an advance over the typical aluminum wire electrodes used in studies of the cortex and other brain structures.
Researchers accumulate much data using traditional electrodes, but there is a question of how much damage they cause
to the nervous system. Microprobes, which are about as thin as a human hair, cause minimal damage and disruption of
neurons when inserted into the brain. In addition to recording nervous system impulses, the microprobes have
minuscule channels that open the way for delivery of drugs, cellular growth factors, neurotransmitters, and other
neuroactive compounds to a single neuron or to groups of neurons. Also, patients who lack certain biochemicals could
receive doses via prostheses. The probes can have up to four channels, each with its own recording/stimulating
electrode.
On the basis of above passage please answer the following question
One similar feature of microprobes and wire electrodes is
CBEST-2.html[8/4/2021 5:18:34 AM]
A. a minimal disturbance of neurons.
B. the density of the material.
C. the capacity for multiple leads.
D. the substance from which they are made.
E. their ability to generate information.
Answer: E
The second sentence of the first paragraph states that probes record responses. The second paragraph says that
electrodes accumulate much data.
Question: 93 Section 1
By using tiny probes as neural prostheses, scientists may be able to restore nerve function in quadriplegics and make
the blind see or the deaf hear. Thanks to advanced techniques, a single, small, implanted probe can stimulate individual
neurons electrically or chemically and then record responses. Preliminary results suggest that the microprobe telemetry
systems can be permanently implanted and replace damaged or missing nerves. The tissue-compatible microprobes
represent an advance over the typical aluminum wire electrodes used in studies of the cortex and other brain structures.
Researchers accumulate much data using traditional electrodes, but there is a question of how much damage they cause
to the nervous system. Microprobes, which are about as thin as a human hair, cause minimal damage and disruption of
neurons when inserted into the brain. In addition to recording nervous system impulses, the microprobes have
minuscule channels that open the way for delivery of drugs, cellular growth factors, neurotransmitters, and other
neuroactive compounds to a single neuron or to groups of neurons. Also, patients who lack certain biochemicals could
receive doses via prostheses. The probes can have up to four channels, each with its own recording/stimulating
electrode.
On the basis of above passage please answer the following question
Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage?
A. Microprobes require further technological advances before they can be used in humans.
B. Wire electrodes are antiquated as a means for delivering neuroactive compounds to the brain.
C. Microprobes have great potential to help counteract neural damage.
D. Technology now exists that may enable repair of the nervous system.
E. Use of wire electrodes is being replaced by use of wire electrodes.
Answer: C
The tone throughout the passage suggests the potential for microprobes. They can be permanently implanted, they have
advantages over electrodes, they are promising candidates for neural prostheses, they will have great accuracy, and
they are flexible.
Question: 94 Section 1
By using tiny probes as neural prostheses, scientists may be able to restore nerve function in quadriplegics and make
the blind see or the deaf hear. Thanks to advanced techniques, a single, small, implanted probe can stimulate individual
neurons electrically or chemically and then record responses. Preliminary results suggest that the microprobe telemetry
systems can be permanently implanted and replace damaged or missing nerves. The tissue-compatible microprobes
represent an advance over the typical aluminum wire electrodes used in studies of the cortex and other brain structures.
Researchers accumulate much data using traditional electrodes, but there is a question of how much damage they cause
to the nervous system. Microprobes, which are about as thin as a human hair, cause minimal damage and disruption of
neurons when inserted into the brain. In addition to recording nervous system impulses, the microprobes have
minuscule channels that open the way for delivery of drugs, cellular growth factors, neurotransmitters, and other
neuroactive compounds to a single neuron or to groups of neurons. Also, patients who lack certain biochemicals could
receive doses via prostheses. The probes can have up to four channels, each with its own recording/stimulating
electrode.
On the basis of above passage please answer the following question
All of the following are mentioned in the passage as potential uses for prostheses EXCEPT
CBEST-2.html[8/4/2021 5:18:34 AM]
A. transportation of medication.
B. induction of physical movement.
C. compensation for damaged nerves.
D. transportation of growth factor.
E. removal of biochemicals from the cortex.
Answer: E
According to the third paragraph, people who lack biochemicals could receive doses via prostheses. However, there is
no suggestion that removing biochemicals would be viable.
Question: 95 Section 1
By using tiny probes as neural prostheses, scientists may be able to restore nerve function in quadriplegics and make
the blind see or the deaf hear. Thanks to advanced techniques, a single, small, implanted probe can stimulate individual
neurons electrically or chemically and then record responses. Preliminary results suggest that the microprobe telemetry
systems can be permanently implanted and replace damaged or missing nerves. The tissue-compatible microprobes
represent an advance over the typical aluminum wire electrodes used in studies of the cortex and other brain structures.
Researchers accumulate much data using traditional electrodes, but there is a question of how much damage they cause
to the nervous system. Microprobes, which are about as thin as a human hair, cause minimal damage and disruption of
neurons when inserted into the brain. In addition to recording nervous system impulses, the microprobes have
minuscule channels that open the way for delivery of drugs, cellular growth factors, neurotransmitters, and other
neuroactive compounds to a single neuron or to groups of neurons. Also, patients who lack certain biochemicals could
receive doses via prostheses. The probes can have up to four channels, each with its own recording/stimulating
electrode.
On the basis of above passage please answer the following question
The initial function of microprobe channels is to
A. create pathways.
B. disrupt neurons.
C. replace ribbon cables.
D. study the brain.
E. induce sight and hearing in the blind and deaf.
Answer: A
The first sentence of the third paragraph says that microprobes have channels that open the way for delivery of drugs.
Studying the brain (choice d) is not the initial function of channels, though it is one of the uses of the probes
themselves.
Question: 96 Section 1
Greyhound racing is the sixth most popular spectator sport in the United States. Over the last decade a growing number
of racers have been adopted to live out their retirement as household pets, once their racing career is over. Many
people hesitate to adopt a retired racing greyhound because they think only very old dogs are available. Actually, even
champion racers only work until they are about three and a half years old. Since greyhounds usually live to be 12-15
years old, their retirement is much longer than their racing careers. People worry that a greyhound will be more
nervous and active than other breeds and will need a large space to run. These are false impressions. Greyhounds have
naturally sweet, mild dispositions, and while they love to run, they are sprinters rather than distance runners and are
sufficiently exercised with a few laps around a fenced-in backyard everyday. Greyhounds do not make good
watchdogs, but they are very good with children, get along well with other dogs (and usually cats as well), and are
very affectionate and loyal. They are intelligent, well behaved dogs, usually housebroken in only a few days. A retired
racing greyhound is a wonderful pet for almost anyone.
On the basis of above passage please answer the following question
Based on the tone of the passage, the authors main purpose is to
CBEST-2.html[8/4/2021 5:18:34 AM]
A. teach prospective owners how to transform their racing greyhound into a good pet.
B. show how the greyhound???s nature makes it equally good as racer and pet.
C. encourage people to adopt retired racing greyhounds.
D. objectively present the pros and cons of adopting a racing greyhound.
E. argue in favor of banning Greyhound racing.
Answer: C
The tone of the passage is enthusiastic in its recommendation of the greyhound as pet and thereby encourages people
to adopt one. It does not give advice on transforming a greyhound (choice a). Except to say that they love to run, the
passage does not spend equal time describing the greyhound as racer (choice b), nor does it comment on banning of
greyhound racing (choice e). The authors tone is not objective (choice d), but rather enthusiastic.
Question: 97 Section 1
Greyhound racing is the sixth most popular spectator sport in the United States. Over the last decade a growing number
of racers have been adopted to live out their retirement as household pets, once their racing career is over. Many
people hesitate to adopt a retired racing greyhound because they think only very old dogs are available. Actually, even
champion racers only work until they are about three and a half years old. Since greyhounds usually live to be 12-15
years old, their retirement is much longer than their racing careers. People worry that a greyhound will be more
nervous and active than other breeds and will need a large space to run. These are false impressions. Greyhounds have
naturally sweet, mild dispositions, and while they love to run, they are sprinters rather than distance runners and are
sufficiently exercised with a few laps around a fenced-in backyard everyday. Greyhounds do not make good
watchdogs, but they are very good with children, get along well with other dogs (and usually cats as well), and are
very affectionate and loyal. They are intelligent, well behaved dogs, usually housebroken in only a few days. A retired
racing greyhound is a wonderful pet for almost anyone.
On the basis of above passage please answer the following question
According to the passage, adopting a greyhound is a good idea for people who
A. do not have children.
B. live in apartments.
C. do not usually like dogs.
D. are retired.
E. already have another dog or a cat.
Answer: E
See the last paragraph. The passage does not mention b, c, or d. Choice a is clearly wrong; the passage states the
opposite.
Question: 98 Section 1
Rhesus monkeys use facial expressions to communicate with each other and to enforce social order. For example, the
"fear grimace," although it looks ferocious, is actually given by a __________ monkey who is intimidated by a
__________ member of the group.
On the basis of above passage please answer the following question
Which pair of words or phrases, if inserted into the blanks in sequence, makes the most sense in the writers context?
A. calm . . . aggressive
B. dominant . . . subordinate
C. confident . . . fearless
D. subordinate . . . dominant
E. high-ranking . . . low-ranking
Answer: D
Answers a and c do not include the sense of hierarchy conveyed in the phrase to enforce social order. Answers b and e
do convey a sense of hierarchy but reverse the proper order of meanings in the context.
CBEST-2.html[8/4/2021 5:18:34 AM]
Question: 99 Section 1
On the basis of above table please answer the following question
The largest number of men in the Baidya caste of Madaripur are involved in which field?
A. education
B. agriculture
C. government
D. publishing
E. trade
Answer: A
The question asks for what field the most men are involved instead of employed. The answer would include students,
who are not necessarily salaried workers.
Therefore, combining the number of students and teachers gives the largest number involved in education.
Question: 100 Section 1
CBEST-2.html[8/4/2021 5:18:34 AM]
On the basis of above table please answer the following question
What percentage of the Baidya caste men are employed in the legal profession?
A. 12%
B. 0.3%
C. 6%
D. 3%
E. 1.2%
Answer: D
There are 200 men. 6 are in the legal profession. 6 divided by 200 is equal to 0.03 or 3%.
CBEST-2.html[8/4/2021 5:18:34 AM]
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Admission-Tests Educational test prep - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CBEST Search results Admission-Tests Educational test prep - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CBEST https://killexams.com/exam_list/Admission-Tests Are high-end private tutors worth the money?

For HNW and UHNW families, investments are an essential part of long-term plans for the future. But these investments are not just confined to capital. Indeed, many would agree that investing in a child’s schooling is the greatest investment of all. But does a private tutor have a role to play in this elite education landscape?

In the same way wealth managers handle the financial affairs of UHNW clients, there are a number of specialists available to help with admissions, tutoring, exam preparation, consultancy and other student support services.

As the private tutoring market is growing – and is expected to keep increasing at least until 2030, according to a Polaris report – finding a suitable tutor has become a challenge. Moreover, elite schools have seen their fees increase and their admission policies change, significantly transforming the educational and admissions processes – another challenge that specialists can offer help with.

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[See also: The top education and tutoring specialists for high-net-worth individuals]

Spear’s index of the best education specialists for HNW and UHNW families provides details on selected private tutors’ areas of expertise, from admission test preparation to maths tutoring and confidence coaching, offering the possibility to choose the most appropriate tutor for each family’s specific needs.

For Grace Moody-Stuart, the director of the Good Schools Guide, ‘tutor companies will work to meet the brief of the parents.’ She adds: ‘[It] could be anything from stretching a bright child, homeschooling, filling in any gaps that they might have despite being taught well in a good school, prepping for a particular exam, [including] retakes of A-levels or the 11+.’

But while parents will often do anything to ensure their children’s academic success, Spear’s has looked into when – and how – is the investment truly worth it.

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Private tutoring for specific exams

While tutors can offer general support to help pupils with everyday school issues and homework, they are often engaged to help with the preparation of specific exams and admission tests.

GCSE, A-Level and IB tutors

When it comes to exam preparation, tutors work towards a clear end goal. Study is usually based on a syllabus, past papers, and specific subjects.

For Lucy Cawkwell, founder and managing director of Osborne Cawkwell Educational Consultants, GCSEs and A-Levels are formulaic, enabling tutors to have a clear idea of what to expect and how to prepare pupils for it. She says: ‘Students are taught according to detailed syllabi so [..] it’s about working steadily through the different areas, learning the content and understanding the types of questions they will be asked.’

For these types of exams, private tuition can help pupils to determine which subjects they need to work on the most and give them an effective approach to do so. Cawkwell says: ‘For A-Levels, with only three to five subjects being studied, as opposed to the eight-12 done at the GCSE, students go into greater depth in each topic. There are perhaps more complex concepts to absorb and longer exam papers to tackle.’

Common Entrance Exam and admission tests

Regarding school entrance exams, tuition work can help prepare children for the best attitude to adopt rather than focusing only on the content of exams. Cawkwell continues: ‘School entrance tests are often looking to push a student and will often present questions that a student hasn’t faced before to see how he or she copes under pressure.’

[See also: How to get your child into private school in the UK: the expert guide]

In fact, while the content of admission tests is curriculum-based, ‘the questions will look to extend and stretch a student,’ Cawkwell says. Tuition will therefore focus on test techniques such as focus and discipline to sit for 30 minutes and answer questions. 

Cawkwell’s advice is to start private tuition around 18 months before the exam for school entrance exams at 7+, 8+, 11+, 13+, and around 6 months before the 16+ exam.

Mentoring

With the growing consideration and awareness of mental health, pupils’ academic experience is also viewed and valued through the angle of how they face it personally. Moreover, elite schools today value academic attitude in addition to excellence, making it all the more important for pupils to be assisted – both academically and personally.

For Cawkwell, ‘a tutor is really a mentor in an academic environment.’ She says: ‘They can straddle the gap between parents/teachers and a friend. A tutor is a mentor, increasing motivation and engagement, bringing up confidence and working on a growth mindset.’

Cawkwell explains that a mentorship approach to tutoring directly benefits academic performance as ‘if a child is struggling, there are often many other factors […] such as a learning difference, poor study skills, lack of motivation, lack of confidence…’. She adds: ‘The correct approach to learning is more important than what is actually being learnt.’

The opportunity for a mentorship makes the choice of a suitable tutor all the more consequential. ‘It’s important to get the right fit, someone who can stimulate and encourage rather than switch off further,’ says Moody-Stuart.

The drawbacks of private tutoring

Finding a private tutor that is appropriate for a pupil’s needs allows them to avoid experiencing any of the disadvantages it can bring. 

[See also: Should you send your child to an elite boarding school?]

‘It’s important to get the balance right,’ says Moody-Stuart. ‘Too much tutoring on top of school work can lead to burnout and further falling of standards.’ For this reason, intense pressure and a lack of free time can often be observed in pupils who are overly pushed by a tutor.

‘Getting the right character match is also critical,’ Moody-Stuart explains. She adds: ‘Students need to look forward to the tutor session and not dread it. Too much online tutoring and not enough personal contact can also be problematic, particularly with younger children.’

Is private tutoring worth the money?

With private tutoring soaring and academic competition rising between pupils, the decision of whether to engage the services of a tutor is more complex than ever. There are numerous factors to consider, including making sure a tutor has the correct qualifications and checking whether they are employed by a reputable company. Parents should also ask for key information on the tutor’s student turnover and how much supervision the child will be given. 

For Cawkwell, who has over 30 years of tutoring experience, the qualities possessed by leading tutors include ‘academic knowledge’, ‘awareness of the syllabus and what students need to do to get top marks’, ‘teaching ability’ and ‘skill in creating relationships of mutual trust with students’. 

[See also: Are elite boarding schools still a good return on your investment?]

However, Moody-Stuart says it is ‘impossible to tell’ whether private tutoring in general is worth the money. ‘Some tutoring companies will be excellent but relatively inexpensive, others will be very pricey but not necessarily brilliant,’ she says.

Just like most educational matters, private tutoring has to be considered on a case-to-case basis, with in mind the best options for a child’s academic and personal development. Spear’s Education Index considers the most significant factors to make an informed decision.

Sun, 31 Dec 2023 17:59:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://spearswms.com/education/are-high-end-private-tutors-worth-the-money/
Navigating standardised tests for US University Admissions in 2024 No result found, try new keyword!Standardised tests provide a common benchmark for universities to assess students' abilities across diverse educational backgrounds and institutions. Fri, 22 Dec 2023 20:30:00 -0600 en-us text/html https://www.msn.com/ Pencils down: The SAT goes digital No result found, try new keyword!This spring, high school students will be taking the SAT on computers - and they won't all get the same questions. Thu, 28 Dec 2023 20:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.timesunion.com/education/article/pencils-down-sat-goes-digital-18556934.php College Admission Warped 2023

“It has been a LONG year. A really long year, just escalating as we went along.” This text from a friend who leads admission at a well-known university is just one of the many messages I have received recently from exhausted college admission professionals and high school counselors. 2023 has indeed been a long and complicated year and 2024 promises to be equally as challenging as we attempt to put the pieces back together.

In the spirit of “Spotify Wrapped,” my last piece provided a synopsis of the past 12 months in college admission. As I wrapped up the positive changes and innovations in this space, I was also reminded of the aspects of admission that are warped. While below I offer a year-end overview of what plagues the profession, I also want to emphasize that despite the many challenges facing access and equity in college admission, I remain hopeful because of the dedicated educators who want better.

SCOTUS And Race-Conscious Admission

No review of the year in admission is complete without highlighting the most significant news story in this space. The U.S. Supreme Court’s decision to restrict race-conscious admission hit the profession like a blow to the gut.

The depth of the impact of this decision will not be entirely clear until this spring and beyond when we start to have a more comprehensive picture of enrollment numbers and campus diversity, but early indications are not encouraging. We will also need to wait for some time to see if, and how, student behavior and attitudes toward who is welcome in college shift. Meanwhile, institutions are understandably running scared from litigation and this has created an intensified risk-averse environment. It stifles the ability to reimagine admission policy and practice at a time when it is desperately needed.

Legacy Admission

The idea that applicants whose relatives attended an institution might get a leg up in admission also had renewed scrutiny in 2023. The SCOTUS decision brought increased attention to this issue and some colleges and universities responded with public denouncements of their former policies. Others argued that to eschew legacy admission at a time when historically marginalized groups are just beginning to benefit from it is too little too late.

For sure legacy should be examined and schools should make thoughtful policy decisions based on their institutional values. We also need to acknowledge just how small the numbers are, and that some schools never engaged in this practice and therefore don’t need performative announcements. Sometimes debate around legacy admission can become a red herring. We must focus on equity and access writ large as part of a comprehensive review of the intention and impact of all policies and procedures. It is tempting to make one-off gestures that feed the publicity machine without moving the ball in the way needed. I am all for eliminating preference that favors the wealthy and well connected and ideally 2024 will bring meaningful change.

FAFSA

Even as I write, it is uncertain what will happen with the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). We expect students to adhere to strict deadlines, yet the traditional October availability of these federal forms has come–and long–gone leaving students and their supporters anxious and confused, and colleges and universities powerless.

At a time when we need them the most, many colleges and universities are facing a shortage of financial aid leaders. One can’t blame these professionals for not wanting the job this year. The coming months will require a great deal of patience from everyone involved. The new form is intended to simplify the process and provide more financial support to those who need it most, and all we can do is keep our fingers crossed.

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) was easily one of the primary innovations of the year, and, as in most spaces of our society, it has been met in college admission with a mix of excitement and disdain. Deep breaths people. We are right to approach with caution and both protect privacy and ensure human control. We would be foolish, however, to deny the inevitable impact it will have on the way students apply and are assessed for admission.

In the new year, instead of bemoaning the ways AI can be abused, let’s spend our energy on articulating expectations and policies. With thoughtful guardrails and communication about the use of AI, it has the potential to enhance, not detract from, admission. Rather than speculate about how college admission offices might be approaching the use of AI, just ask!

Early Decision

In my opinion, Early Decision (ED) has always been a warped practice that favors the wealthy and contributes to an unhealthy admission process. It encourages the gamification of what should be a developmental experience and is anything but student-centered.

In 2023, ED was once again questioned by researchers and legislators, though the conversation failed to advance very far. Meanwhile, some colleges and universities continued to admit larger percentages of their class through early applications. We are unlikely to see this temper as ED provides financial security and guaranteed “yield” at a time of great uncertainty in admission. James S. Murphy, deputy director of higher education policy at Education Reform Now, offers a more nuanced discussion of this issue and how it might not be as evil as some think. From my perspective as a counselor, however, I believe we need to reset this arms race in selective admission. Though any attempt to do so collaboratively among institutions would surely be met with an antitrust lawsuit, as Murphy suggests, we certainly need more transparency.

Testing

While the shifting role of standardized testing in admission is certainly not unique to 2023, it continued to receive a lot of air time. The digital SAT arrived this year with mixed success and the verdict is still out in many ways. Test-optional policies continue to proliferate and the inequity of access, preparation, and content remains a significant concern that fortunately some colleges appreciate and have responded to. Without an effective alternative for standardized review of applicants, other institutions continue to incorporate tests as one factor, but perhaps not in the draconian ways that some people in front of the “curtain” suspect.

Advanced Placement (AP) classes and tests once again topped the list of admission news in 2023. From controversy around the content, delivery, and political influence (looking at you Florida) on the AP African American Studies course, to the addition of AP Precalculus, the role of the College Board curriculum in admission continues to be fraught. As in years past, assumptions, myths, and realities about the impact of these classes and scores on a student’s candidacy for admission contribute to an unhealthy culture around learning and well-being.

Applicants and their supporters continue to question the role of testing and the legitimacy of optional submission, while debating the approach they should take. I hope that we all keep testing in perspective in the year ahead.

Fear And Loathing In College Admission

2023 brought an increase in what I am going to simply call predatory practices in college admission. Individuals and companies prey on the fear around selective college admission, which is partly fueled by the commercial rankings industry. Social media ads promote webinars promising to unveil the secrets behind “must-have criteria for Ivy League admission” and offer the opportunity to work with “strategists” to gain admission to “top colleges.” The admission industrial complex that seeks to profit from our cultural obsession with elite colleges continues to grow in alarming ways.

This past year especially, the proliferation of pay-to-play research opportunities for high school students was notable. These programs offer the chance to work with researchers and “Ph.D. mentors” from highly selective colleges and promise the ability to be published as a means of boosting admission application credentials. As a high school counselor, I am inundated with daily requests to connect my students with these high-priced boondoggles, as if they are the silver bullet to admission success. Fortunately, my colleagues who work in college admission offices share my disdain for these programs and join me in my eye-rolling at the suggestion that this would move the needle toward an acceptance. I would recommend my college applicants get a job at their local grocery store 100 times over before I ever suggested one of these programs. They are another sad example of how thwarted this experience has become and the rush to make a buck off of fear.

That’s a Wrap

As you review your 2023 Spotify Wrapped list, is it dominated by a small handful of similar artists, perhaps the most mainstream that are played with great frequency in popular culture? Or do you have an eclectic musical medley that includes unique musicians with exceptional talent but less notoriety? In 2023, Harvard and its uber-selective peers remained the Taylor Swifts of colleges. They dominated headlines—and headspace—in ways that warped the narrative around educational opportunity.

My greatest hope for 2024 is that we can collectively start to shift the culture and conversation around what constitutes quality in a college education and have thoughtful dialogue about what investment and engagement really mean. By leaning into these issues, we can combat a warped perspective on success and dial down the noise that prevailed on this list from 2023.

The coming year will be just as long for admission leaders and counselors, but it has the potential to be better. With a collaborative approach and willingness to push back against what doesn’t work while embracing new ideas, we can wrap 2024 in opportunity.

Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:52:00 -0600 Brennan Barnard en text/html https://www.forbes.com/sites/brennanbarnard/2023/12/30/college-admission-warped-2023/
UTME 2024: Education Expert Shares Tips Ahead of JAMB Registration’s Start Date
  • Admission seekers into Nigerian tertiary institutions will soon sit for the JAMB examination
  • Legit.ng reports that JAMB conducts an annual Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME)
  • Ahead of the exam's registration which has been fixed for Monday, January 15, 2024, an education expert, Adesegun Ogungbayi, spoke to Legit.ng and shared preparation tips

Legit.ng journalist Ridwan Adeola Yusuf has 9-year experience covering basic and tertiary education in Nigeria and worldwide

FCT, Abuja - In November 2023, the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) announced that the registration for its 2024 Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME), begins on Monday, January 15, 2024, and ends on Friday, February 16, 2024.

Similarly, the board fixed March 7, 2024, for its MOCK-UTME, while the main UTME will be held from April 19 to 29, 2024.

JAMB/JAMB news/UTME/UTME news/JAMB latest news
JAMB has fixed dates for registration and CBT for the 2024 edition of the annual UTME taken by admission seekers into Nigerian tertiary institutions.Photo credits: Yaqoub Popoola, Ogungbayi Adesegun
Source: Facebook

Tips towards preparation for purchase UTME form

In anticipation of the JAMB registration’s start date, the board chairman of MIMS Educational Services, Prince Adesegun Ogungbayi, told Legit.ng that parents and schools who desire success for their wards in the coming examination “have a big role to play”.

The education expert who has mentored a lot of former Jambites exclusively shared some tips with Legit.ng ahead of the sales of the 2024 UTME form.

Ogungbayi said:

“Firstly, the parents and schools must ensure that the children and students have written and passed the West African Senior School Certificate Examination or National Examination Council (NECO) and passed very well or prepare extensively to register based on awaiting results of 2024 WASSCE.

“What matters is before the processing of 2024/2025 admission, your child or student must have passed either WASSCE or NECO very well with distinction.

“Apart from that, all parents and schools that want to register their children and students must ensure their National Identification Number (NIN) is intact for the generation of profile code leading to the purchase of UTME pin when the sale of forms begins.

“Parents and schools must ensure that the children and students have valid and functional email addresses. They must ensure all the students' personal data are 100% correct and in line with NIN records. Things like surname, first name, middle name, and personal phone number already attached to NIN during the registration for NIN — and not another person’s phone number — must be intact.

“State of origin, nationality of the child/student, local government of origin, contact address, exams town, preferred state of the exams, date of birth, gender, choice of university, subject combination before buying UTME form and before registering online must be ascertained.

“If all these information are not ready before registration, the candidate has already failed and may only write the examination for writing sake or may not get registered. And if registered, he or she may not achieve his or her academic goals through that examination.”

"Certificate won't guarantee jobs": JAMB registrar

Earlier, Legit.ng reported that JAMB registrar, Professor Ishaq Oloyede, urged Nigerian students to seek skills in the information world because certificates would no longer guarantee jobs in the long run.

Speaking at the 11th convocation of the Kwara State University in Malete, the academic advised that Nigerians should continue learning, unlearning, and relearning to survive the information age challenges.

2024 UTME: JAMB Candidates to pay more

Legit.ng also reported that JAMB said the extra money the UTME candidates will be paying was meant for the operators of the CBT centres.

Professor Oloyede said the operators have charged the money to cover the high fuel cost in the country.

DE: JAMB announces verbal reasoning tests

Meanwhile, JAMB said direct entry (DE) candidates will undertake cognitive and verbal reasoning tests from 2024.

Prof. Oloyede disclosed that the test will measure the candidate’s skills and not be the usual subjects test.

Source: Legit.ng

Wed, 03 Jan 2024 17:47:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.legit.ng/education/1571463-education-expert-shares-tips-jamb-registrations-start-date/
Admissions at Jamia Hamdard Residential Coaching Academy New Delhi

Jamia Hamdard, a Deemed to be University, Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi-110062, has invited applications for admission to the Jamia Hamdard Residential Coaching Academy for Minorities/SCs/STs and Women; supported by Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India through University Grant Commission.

The Academy offers training for preparation for UPSC Civil Services Examination, Preliminary cum Mains, 2024 and other Central and Slate Services examinations.

Eligibility: Applicant must have completed graduation - BA/B.Sc./B.Com/B.Tech/Pharm or equivalent examination from any recognized University/College of the Country.

Selection will be based on Written test, Group discussion and Personal interview. Details are given in the Prospectus at www.jamiahamdard.edu (Latest News link)

Written test will be held on February 17, 2024 at Delhi and Kannur, Kerala. The test will have one paper (General Studies) of 2 hours’ duration, carrying a maximum of 300 marks. There will be 100 objective types multiple choice questions from History, Geography, Indian Economy and Polity, Constitution of India, Art and Culture, Social issues, Science and Technology, Current Affairs-National and International importance, Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability, General Mental Ability and Quantitative Aptitude. Each wrong answer will carry a deduction of one-third of the marks assigned to that question.

Those who qualify in the written test would be called for Group Discussion (GD) / Personal Interview (PI) to be held at Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi during March 5 - 8, 2024.

Total intake is 100 (70 males and 30 females).

Applications can be submitted online at www.jamiahamdard.edu latest by 28th January, 2024. Application fee: Rs.1000 + Service charges.

More details can be had from the Prospectus 2024.

Helpline: 9810811500, 7503963911, 011-26059685 Extn. 5749, 5760

Thu, 04 Jan 2024 16:37:00 -0600 en text/html https://english.mathrubhumi.com/education/admissions/admissions-at-jamia-hamdard-residential-coaching-academy-new-delhi-1.9213845
New digital SAT raises concerns about equity

Editor’s Note: This article was written for Mosaic Vision, an independent journalism training program for high school students who report and photograph stories under the guidance of professional journalists.

After nearly a century of using pencil and paper, the SAT will join the age of digital testing by introducing a new online exam in March.

But the change is raising concerns within the education community about how low-income students without sufficient home access to computers and the internet will be able to adequately prepare for a crucial test that can decide — or limit — their college choices.

“On a practical level, preparing for the digital SAT test requires consistent access to high-speed internet, accurate mock test items, and a physical environment that mimics optimal testing conditions. All of these are harder to come by for low-income students,” said Irene Shih, chief executive officer of Minds Matter Bay Area, an organization dedicated to increasing the numbers of high-achieving, low-income students at highly selective universities.

The College Board, the non-profit organization that administers the Scholastic Aptitude Test, states that the digital SAT benefits students by shortening the test to two hours instead of three, reducing stress. The new test is also adaptive, tailoring the difficulty level to each student’s performance in previous sections.

However, not all of the College Board’s consumers are pleased with the change.

“College Board should still offer the paper SAT for people who might feel more comfortable taking it on paper than a computer,” said Salean Nguyen, a Yerba Buena High School senior. “If that option is removed, it would feel as though College Board is not considering the circumstances of the students. Students all have different needs.’’

The College Board will offer free online practice tests and allow students to borrow a computer on test day if they do not have one.

“With the transition to digital tests, the College Board is working to address inequities in access to technology,’’ a spokeswoman said.

Historically, the SAT gap between high-income and low-income students has always been wide. Harvard University researchers determined that about 20% of students in the bottom 10th  of household income took the SAT, compared with over 80 percent of students in the 90th percentile.

Low income also widens the digital divide. Less than 60% of households with an annual income below $30,000 have computers and home internet, compared with over 90% of households making at least $100,000, the Pew Research Center reports.

The Electronic Frontier Foundation, a digital rights group that advocates for equitable technology access, reports that many low-income households encounter higher prices and lower quality from internet service providers with monopolies on markets.

“This basic disadvantage will cause inequities not only in test preparation for the digital SAT but also in all learning as education becomes more digital’,’ said Chao Jun Liu, an EFF legislative associate.

Digital testing poses another dilemma for students: loss of access to Student Search Services, an opt-in program that shares a student’s personal information from the SAT with potential scholarships and colleges.

According to the College Board research, students who participate in Student Search Services receive 29% more offers of admission to colleges. However, data privacy laws adopted in over 40 states now restrict how the College Board can share information it collects from minors. Most of these laws prohibit the board from sharing student data collected from SAT tests administered at a public school on a school day.

With 67% of students taking the SAT in school, the impact will be acutely felt, especially among low-income students who are less likely to take weekend tests.

“Under the new reality of digital testing, it seems that the inequity of being low income will simply lead to another inequity — not taking the SAT outside of school — which will ultimately end in another inequity — not having access to information or outreach from colleges,” Shih said.

The College Board aims to rectify the drop-off in Student Search Services participation with a similar program called Connections, which will be exclusively accessible through a mobile app. Still, Connections’ success hinges on students’ downloading the app, which requires them to have a smartphone.

Despite concerns, there is a belief that the SAT’s adoption of digital testing was inevitable and a natural progression.

Digital tests intend to limit cheating by varying questions and test versions within a room, said Jon Lee, senior director at Compass Education Group, an academic tutoring company. They also avoid the environmental impact of printing and shipping paper exams.

“The digital format makes preparation with practice tests convenient,” Lee said.

Ella Polak is a junior at Leland High School in San Jose. 

Thu, 28 Dec 2023 07:00:00 -0600 Ella Polak en-US text/html https://www.eastbaytimes.com/2023/12/28/new-digital-sat-raises-concerns-about-equity/
The Princeton Review's Company Look Back at 2023 and Look Ahead to 2024

NEW YORK, Dec. 29, 2023 /PRNewswire/ -- The Princeton Review ®, one of the nation's leading education providers, today shared its annual look back at some of the company's key offerings over the past year and look ahead to some projects in the works for the year ahead.

Millions of people use one or more of The Princeton Review's education resources each year. Students use the company's products and services to score their best on tests; tackle school assignments; improve their grades; research and gain admission to undergraduate, graduate, and medical schools, and maximize their prospects for scholarships and financial aid. Post-graduates use the company's resources to upskill for career advancement as well as prepare for and pass professional licensing exams.

In 2023, The Princeton Review's products and services included:

Test-prep Courses. Offered for more than 26 tests, the courses are available in various options and formats from live online to self-paced. Some carry the company's Better Score Money Back Guarantee. Among The Princeton Review courses for tests taken by applicants to graduate and medical schools—the GMAT®, GRE®, LSAT®, and MCAT®—the company's LSAT 165+ and MCAT 515+ courses were the most popular in 2023. Among its courses for tests taken by applicants to colleges—the SAT®, ACT®, and AP® subject tests—The Princeton Review's SAT 1400+ course was the most popular in 2023.

During this transitional year for the SAT, the company provided test-prep programs that supported students in the U.S. preparing for the final administrations of the current SAT as well as programs for international students preparing to take the Digital SAT which debuted in test centers abroad in January. The Digital SAT will debut in the U.S. in March 2024. This year, the company has also been diligently tracking planned (or implemented) revisions on other major tests and updating its resources for students preparing to take them.

Princeton Review courses and resources for professional licensing and certification exams include its USMLE® Test Pack for MD candidates taking the medical licensing exam, and its suite of resources for the NCLEX-RN®, the exam required for licensing as a Registered Nurse. These include its NCLEX-RN LiveOnline course, NCLEX Self-Paced course, and NCLEX-RN QBank . In 2023, the company updated its NCLEX-RN products to align them with the NGN (Next Generation NCLEX) revision of the text which debuted in April.

The company also has test prep courses for the Level I, Level II, and Level III CFA® (Chartered Financial Analyst®) exams. In 2023, the company updated its course materials for these exams to align them with revisions that will be in the 2024 administrations of the tests. This year, Princeton Review also added free practice tests for the Level I CFA exam to its CFA exam prep resources.

In March, a marketing partnership with Surgent Accounting & Financial Education enabled The Princeton Review to offer its customers exclusive discounts on Surgent's exam review products for the CPA® (Certified Public Accountant), CMA® (Certified Management Accountant), and CISA® (Certified Information Systems Auditor) exams.

Tutoring online and on demand 24/7 in 80+ subjects via The Princeton Review's hubs, The Academy and Homework Help. At The Academy, tutors help students in grades 6–12 earn higher grades in their school subjects and prepare for tests. In 2023, the top two subjects for which the company's tutors provided academic help were Algebra and Pre-Calculus. At the Homework Help hub, tutors help students tackle school assignments. In 2023, the top two subjects for which the tutors provided homework help were Algebra II and Calculus.

Admissions Counseling for college and medical school applicants. Some of the "dream" schools to which students working with Princeton Review college admission counselors gained admission in 2023 are Columbia, Cornell, Duke, Harvard, and Stanford. Overall, students were accepted at 205 unique institutions and awarded more than $8M in financial aid. Applicants to medical schools who worked with the company's admissions counselors this year gained admission to the top 20 medical schools in the U.S. as well as top medical schools outside of the U.S. including the University of Cambridge, the University of Melbourne, and the University of Toronto.

Books. The Princeton Review's line of 150+ books, distributed by Penguin Random House, includes test-prep guides, college guides, and study aids. In 2023, the company published the 38th annual edition of its first-ever test-prep book, its guide to the SAT, and the 35th annual edition of its guide to the ACT. The Princeton Review has also published regularly updated guides to the GMAT, GRE, LSAT and MCAT for decades. In 2023, several of the company's guides to AP subject tests were designated as bestsellers by Amazon.com in its AP Subject Test Guides category. In recent weeks, four of the five bestselling AP test guides in this category have been Princeton Review books, including the #1 bestseller which is The Princeton Review Premium Prep Guide to the AP U.S. History test. The company's guide to the Digital SAT has been the #1 bestseller in the Amazon.com College Entrance Test Guides category. Other Princeton Review books published in 2023 include: GMAT & GRE Math Made Easy, SAT Level Up! Math, SAT Level Up! Verbal, Essays That Kicked Apps, The K&W Guide to Colleges for Students with Learning Differences (16th Edition), and the 32nd annual edition of the company's flagship college guide, The Best 389 Colleges.

AI Tools. This year, The Princeton Review debuted its first generative AI-based tools: AI College Admissions Essay Counseling and AI Homework Essay Feedback. Students using these innovative resources can upload essays they have written and within seconds receive feedback, evaluation, and recommendations of ways to make their essays even better. Designed with input from The Princeton Review's college admission and tutoring experts, the tools provide feedback on clarity, coherence, conciseness, grammar, spelling, punctuation, and more. (Note: These products do not write the student's essays.) On December 14, these two tools were named 2023 New Product of the Year award winners by Campus Technology and THE Journal, two of the leading edtech publications.

In 2023, The Princeton Review also:

Reported school rankings in dozens of categories, including its:

Best Business Schools and Best Law Schools (January)
Top Undergrad and Grad Schools to Study Game Design (March)
Best Value Colleges (April)
Best Colleges (August)
Top Green Colleges (October)
Top Undergrad and Grad Schools to Study Entrepreneurship (November)

Conducted national education surveys, including its:

College Hopes & Worries 2023 Survey. This survey, which The Princeton Review has annually conducted since 2003, polled 12,225 college applicants and their parents in February on their application perspectives, need for financial aid, levels of stress about college admission, "dream" college (the school they wished they (or their child) could attend if acceptance was a given and cost not a concern), and other topics. Among the findings reported in March: the #1 "dream" college among students surveyed was the Massachusetts Institute of Technology while Princeton was #1 among surveyed parents; 82% of respondents overall said financial aid would be "very necessary" to pay for college.

College Administrator Summer 2023 Survey. Now in its 4th year, this Princeton Review survey polled administrators at 229 colleges in July on their enrollment forecasts, test optional policies, and views on the Digital SAT, AI, the recent Supreme Court ruling on affirmative action, and more. Among the findings: the majority (89%) of administrators surveyed reported their colleges were test optional while 10% reported their schools were test blind, and 1% said their schools required test scores. College-level coursework on applicant transcripts is gaining importance in admission decisions. Nearly two-thirds (61%) of respondents to the 2023 survey deemed AP, IB, or dual enrollment coursework "important" on an applicant's transcript—a 7% increase over respondents so indicating in 2022.

In 2023, The Princeton Review also surveyed administrators at 2,000+ higher education institutions about their school offerings, policies, applicant requirements, and more. The company also surveyed students at hundreds of colleges and graduate schools about their campus experiences at their schools and ratings of them. Data collected from these surveys informs The Princeton Review's school rankings and its school profiles on PrincetonReview.com and in the company's annual Best Colleges guide.

Provided free resources for students, parents, teachers, counselors and working professionals:

From college night talks to test strategy sessions to career-related webinars, The Princeton Review hosted thousands of free events in 2023. The company's education experts also wrote and recorded dozens of videos that were uploaded to The Princeton Review's YouTube channel which now comprises 575 videos. These lively videos present company experts sharing updates on changes in standardized tests, tips for taking and scoring well on exams, strategies for gaining school admission, and short features about colleges. In 2023, the video most viewed on The Princeton Review YouTube channel was: "The New Digital SAT: Everything You Need to Know."

Was widely referenced in media programs, articles, and newscasts:

Each year, many national, regional, and local members of the media reach out to The Princeton Review for information, comment, and interviews about education issues. In 2023, Rob Franek, editor in chief of The Princeton Review, appeared on several national broadcasts including an August 18segment on NBC TODAY that was his 30th appearance on the show. It featured his advice for college applicants, report on the company's annual Best Colleges rankings, and comments on education issues in the news. Other national media interviewing Rob or fellow Princeton Review author/experts in 2023 included: CNBC; Yahoo Finance Live!, The Chronicle of Higher Education; and Teen Kids News. Media also reported on the company's rankings of hundreds of institutions that publicized their Princeton Review rankings in their news releases, websites, and social media channels in 2023. Many schools are citing them anew in their end-of-year retrospectives of their school distinctions.

Projects The Princeton Review has in the works for 2024 include:

Continuing updates of the company's website and its online, tutoring, and book resources for the many standardized tests that have undergone (or will be undergoing) substantial revisions. These include the new Digital SAT and new Digital PSAT/NMSQT®, a new edition of the GMAT (the GMAT Focus), a new format for the LSAT, and changes in professional licensing exams including the NCLEX-RN.

A new MCAT in-person course. Debuting in January, this intensive course will feature new uses of technology and a team-teaching approach. It will concentrate on weekend, in-person sessions that will enable students to connect with the instructors and their fellow learners.

Updated editions of the company's college-related books. Among them: The Best 390 Colleges: 2025 Edition, which will reveal the top 25 schools in 50 categories based on the company's surveys of 165,000 college students who rated and reported on their schools for this project, and Paying for College: 2025 Edition, which will include detailed guidance on completing the 2025-26 FAFSA® (Free Application for Federal Student Aid). The FAFSA has undergone a major overhaul that was mandated by the U.S. Congress in 2019 with the passage of the FAFSA Simplification Act. The significantly revised (although not entirely simplified) 2024-25 FAFSA will be released on December 31, 2023. (Note: the FAFSA is annually updated.)

A campaign to expand awareness of mental health services on college campuses. Supported by a partnership with the Ruderman Family Foundation, this Princeton Review project is collecting data from administrators at more than 2,800 colleges about the availability of mental health services and resources at their schools. The company is also surveying college students about their awareness of such services and resources on their campuses. In late summer 2024, The Princeton Review will output this data in various ways, including reporting information about the schools' mental health services in its college profiles on PrincetonReview.com.

"As The Princeton Review begins its 43rd year, we remain committed as ever to the company's mission: to help students learn, score their best on tests, and succeed in school and beyond" said Joshua HJ Park, CEO of The Princeton Review and Tutor.com. "Since The Princeton Review's founding in 1981, the company has delivered its services across an ever-expanding range of instructional formats and pioneered innovative uses of technology to advance education. Our launch this year of our first AI products—two resources that could only have been imagined in 1981—underscores our commitment to our founding mission. We look forward to developing new and exciting ways to help students learn in 2024 and succeed in their education and career goals." 

About The Princeton Review
The Princeton Review is a leading tutoring, test prep, and college admissions services company. Every year, it helps millions of college- and graduate school-bound students as well as working professionals achieve their education and career goals through its many education services and products. These include online and in-person courses delivered by a network of more than 4,000 teachers and tutors; online resources; a line of more than 150 print and digital books published by Penguin Random House; and dozens of categories of school rankings. The company's Tutor.com brand, now in its 23rd year, is one of the largest online tutoring services in the US. It comprises a community of thousands of tutors who have delivered more than 25 million one-to-one tutoring sessions. The Princeton Review, headquartered in New York, NY, is not affiliated with Princeton University. For more information, visit PrincetonReview.com and the company's Media Center. Follow the company on X (formerly Twitter) (@ThePrincetonRev) and Instagram (@theprincetonreview).

All tests are registered trademarks of their respective owners. None of the trademark holders are affiliated with The Princeton Review.

CFA Institute does not endorse, promote, or warrant the accuracy or quality of the products or services offered by The Princeton Review. CFA® and Charted Financial Analyst® are trademarks owned by CFA Institute.

LSAT® is a trademark registered by Law School Admission Council, Inc., which is not affiliated with, and does not endorse, The Princeton Review.

MCAT® is a registered trademark of the Association of American Medical Colleges.

SAT® and AP® are trademarks registered by the College Board, which is not affiliated with, and does not endorse, The Princeton Review or its offerings.

WEBSITE: www.princetonreview.com 

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SOURCE The Princeton Review

Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:43:00 -0600 en text/html https://markets.businessinsider.com/news/stocks/the-princeton-review-s-company-look-back-at-2023-and-look-ahead-to-2024-1032932264
JEE Main 2024 exam: Study plan and preparation strategy to achieve Rank 1 No result found, try new keyword!Prepare for the JEE Main 2024 exam with a detailed study plan and a comprehensive preparation strategy mentioned below. Mon, 25 Dec 2023 19:46:50 -0600 en-us text/html https://www.msn.com/ Toppers’ Tips: ‘CUET UG gave me a chance to secure admission at a top college’

CUET UG 2024: After scoring 94.2 per cent in Class 12, the opportunity to appear for the Common University Entrance Test Undergraduate (CUET UG) was a respite to Garima. The Class 12 marks she scored were less for securing admission to Delhi University’s Hindu College and she was glad that CUET happened. 

Garima appeared for six subjects in CUET 2022 – English, Hindi, political science, geography, history and physical education. She got full marks in all the subjects. Garima is in her second year now and is studying Political Science (Hons) at the Hindu College.

Speaking to the indianexpress.com, Garima shares how he prepared for the CUET. Read edited excerpts here:

How did you prepare for CUET?

It was the debut batch of CUET and I did not know much about how to proceed with the preparation. I religiously followed the NCERT textbooks and made sure not to ignore the deleted portions of the CBSE curriculum. The CBSE term 1 exam was in MCQ format, it made me get used to the exam pattern.

I also practised mock tests from books including Arihant and Oswal publications. I used to complete one subject, answer multiple-choice questions and then take up another subject.  

Festive offer

Read | CUET UG 2024: Check marking scheme, subject-wise distribution, types of questions

What was it like preparing for the board and CUET exams simultaneously?

I started my CUET UG preparation after my board exams were over. Whatever I studied for board exams was eventually required for the CUET exam. So, the preparation did not bother me, but instead gave me a chance to do better and get myself admitted to the Hindu College.

What would you recommend to CUET UG 2024 aspirants?

– Study NCERT religiously

– It is just a matter of two-three months, it will set the course of your future. Prioritise your preparation

– CUET is not that tough, it is doable and easy

Why did you choose Hindu College?

After my CUET exam was over and I came to know that I would have to fill in preferences. I checked the list of colleges that provide Political Science (Hons). After checking the list of best colleges, I filled Hindu College as my first choice. Apart from Hindu College, I added other colleges including Miranda and Lady Shri Ram College as my preferred choices for the same course.

I am associated with two societies at my college. One is the Connecting Dreams Foundation (CDF) which aims to address the SDG-based challenges through entrepreneurial action and youth participation. And the other is the Hindu College Queer Collective (HCQC), which aims to provide a safe and open space to discuss and express the diverse identities of people on the LGBTQ+ spectrum. As part of the societies, we start new projects and work on them. Taking part in these has built confidence in me allowing me to manage time effectively. Also, Hindu College has transformed me for the better. Earlier, I was more of an introverted person, now I had to make connections and make friends which made me social and extroverted. My communication skills have also developed.

In my free time, I read novels and watch anime. After my graduation is over, I aim to prepare for the civil services.

Thu, 28 Dec 2023 14:01:00 -0600 en text/html https://indianexpress.com/article/education/cuet-ug-2024-toppers-tips-cuet-chance-to-secure-admission-at-top-college-9075170/




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