Real Questions and brain dumps for 630-006 exam

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630-006 Exam Questions - C.P.M. Module 2: Supply Environment Updated: 2024

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Exam Code: 630-006 C.P.M. Module 2: Supply Environment Exam Questions January 2024 by team

630-006 C.P.M. Module 2: Supply Environment

Exam Specification:

- Exam Name: 630-006 C.P.M. Module 2: Supply Environment
- Exam Code: 630-006
- Exam Duration: Varies (typically around 90-120 minutes)
- Exam Format: Multiple-choice questions

Course Outline:

1. Introduction to the Supply Environment
- Understanding the dynamics of the supply environment
- Exploring the factors influencing supply and demand
- Analyzing the impact of market trends on supply management

2. Supply Market Analysis
- Conducting supply market research and analysis
- Identifying key market players and their capabilities
- Assessing market risks and opportunities

3. Supplier Relationship Management
- Building effective relationships with suppliers
- Developing and implementing supplier performance metrics
- Collaborating with suppliers to drive innovation and continuous improvement

4. Strategic Sourcing
- Developing sourcing strategies aligned with organizational goals
- Conducting make-or-buy analysis and total cost of ownership calculations
- Implementing strategic sourcing initiatives

5. Global Supply Chain Management
- Understanding the challenges and opportunities in global supply chains
- Managing international suppliers and logistics
- Mitigating risks associated with global sourcing

6. Sustainability and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
- Incorporating sustainability and CSR principles into supply management
- Managing environmental and social impacts in the supply chain
- Promoting ethical sourcing practices

Exam Objectives:

1. Understand the dynamics of the supply environment and its impact on supply management.
2. Conduct effective supply market analysis.
3. Develop and maintain strategic relationships with suppliers.
4. Implement strategic sourcing initiatives.
5. Manage global supply chains and mitigate associated risks.
6. Incorporate sustainability and CSR principles into supply management.

Exam Syllabus:

The exam syllabus covers the following topics (but is not limited to):

- Introduction to the Supply Environment
- Supply Market Analysis
- Supplier Relationship Management
- Strategic Sourcing
- Global Supply Chain Management
- Sustainability and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
C.P.M. Module 2: Supply Environment
ISM Environment Exam Questions

Other ISM exams

630-005 C.P.M. Module 1: Purchasing Process
630-006 C.P.M. Module 2: Supply Environment
630-007 C.P.M. Module 3: Value Enhancement Strategies
630-008 C.P.M. Module 4: Management
CPSM Certified Professional in Supply Management (CPSM)(Foundation)
CPSM1 Foundation of Supply Management

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C.P.M. Module 2: Supply Environment
Answer: B
Question: 189
Which of the following should a buyer use when conducting price analysis? (Choose all
that apply)
A. An analysis of competitive proposals
B. Comparisons with published prices
C. Comparisons with historical prices
D. Internal cost estimates
Answer: A, B, C, D
Question: 190
With which of the following departments within its own organization should purchasing
work MOST closely when performing supplier capability evaluations and site visits?
A. Quality control
B. Engineering
C. Manufacturing
D. Finance
Answer: A
Question: 191
When (if ever) does a purchaser have the right to resell nonconforming goods and deduct
reasonable sales costs from proceeds? (Choose all that apply)
A. If the purchaser has paid for the goods and owns them
B. If the purchaser has rejected the goods, and the supplier has not responded in a
reasonable time
C. If the purchaser has accepted the goods and then found them in nonconformance
D. Never.
Answer: A, B
Question: 192
Which of the following is NOT a technique for increasing minority business
A. negotiation
B. expediting supplier payment
C. establishing reasonable specifications
D. cooperative purchasing
Answer: D
Question: 193
Which of the following is the PRIMARY purpose of a trade association?
A. To advance the cause of the profession
B. To continually search for best practices in the industry
C. To lobby for the interests of the industries represented
D. To provide educational and research benefits to members
Answer: C
Question: 194
What is the MOST important thing a purchasing manager should do when meeting with
outside organizations?
A. Make sure that all presentations are given in a professional manner
B. Avoid any impression of impropriety
C. Know as much about the audience as possible
D. Take meeting notes and reviewing them with the legal department
Answer: B
Question: 195
With which of the following does responsibility for resolving the cost aspects of a
defective purchased product usually lie?
A. The manufacturing manager.
B. The financial manager.
C. The purchasing manager.
D. The accounting manager.
Answer: C
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ISM Environment Exam Questions - BingNews Search results ISM Environment Exam Questions - BingNews Sample exam questions - chemicals of the natural environment

You will sit two exam papers at the end of your GCSE Chemistry course. Paper 1 is called Breadth in Chemistry, and paper 2 is called Depth in Chemistry.

The Breadth paper will contain questions worth 1, 2 and 3 marks. The Depth paper will contain questions worth 1 to 5 marks, plus two 6-mark extended writing questions.

1. Each exam paper will contain questions that require you to recall what you've learnt.

You will need to remember, select and clearly communicate facts and explanations that you have learnt from studying.

2. Each exam paper will contain questions that require you to apply what you’ve learnt to an unfamiliar context.

These questions may, at first, appear to be about things you haven’t learnt. But the question will give you all the information you need to answer it when combined with your own knowledge and understanding.

When you see an unfamiliar situation in a question:

3. Each exam paper will contain questions that require you to analyse evidence or data and then make your own decision or conclusion

To get full marks on this type of question, you will usually have to do more than just processing data (eg doing calculations or plotting a graph) or describing it (eg describing the pattern in the results or the shape of the graph) - you will have to come up with your own conclusion or decision based on the evidence you have been given.

Sometimes, you may be asked whether you agree with a statement or a conclusion. You may not get any marks for simply stating that you agree or disagree - most or all of the marks will be given for explaining and justifying your decision. Your answer must make it clear that your decision is based on the evidence you have been given in the question and your own knowledge and understanding of chemistry.

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Frequently Asked Questions

UAB is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer committed to fostering a diverse, equitable and family-friendly environment in which all faculty and staff can excel and achieve work/life balance irrespective of race, national origin, age, genetic or family medical history, gender, faith, gender identity and expression as well as sexual orientation. UAB also encourages applications from individuals with disabilities and veterans.

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Exam Information

An exam proctor will begin reading exam instructions approximately 15 minutes before the exam start time. Students must be in the exam room with their exam at this time. If taking the exam on a laptop, it must be booted up and have passed the security check. Hand writers must not have a laptop with them in an exam room, unless otherwise allowed according to the professor’s instructions. A student entering the exam room after the proctor begins reading instructions will not receive additional time for booting up their laptop, passing the security check, and/or reading exam instructions.

When instructed by the proctor, write your exam number on the cover page of your exam, bluebooks, and any scratch paper you turn in as part of your exam. Handwritten exam answers must be written in blue books in blue or black ink. Number the bluebooks you use (1 of 1, 1 of 2, 2 of 2, etc.). Proctors will allow time to read the professor’s instructions. Other than counting the number of pages of the exam, students are not permitted to turn the page of an exam past the instructions page until the proctor instructs them to do so.

When taking a closed-book exam, no books, outlines, book bags, purses, or scratch paper (other than the scratch paper provided) may be at your seat during the exam. These items must be left outside of the exam room or in the front or sides of the exam room. Students may not begin to write anything, including on scratch paper, before the proctor begins a closed-book exam.

Students taking in-class exams are prohibited from having any electronic communication device, other than a laptop as allowed per the professor's instructions, during the exam. Cell phones and smart watches must be turned off during the exam and placed in a bag or backpack. Violations of this rule may be considered an Honor Code violation. A clock in each exam room will be the official timekeeper for the exam.

Non-alcoholic beverages are permitted in exam rooms; however, the container must have a lid.

After the exam instructions have been read and the exam begins, the proctor will remain in the room. Any student who has a question or problem during an exam should see the proctor.

Students may use the restroom or take a break during an exam. However, all exam materials must be left in the exam room and no additional time will be given. Students must sign in and out at the front of the room with the proctor.

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Exam Procedures

Your exam invitation, or Notice to Schedule (NTS), email from Meazure Learning will have links for you to check your computer system. If you take your exam online, it is important to verify that your computer meets the minimum requirements and that you have reliable access to the Internet. An internet connection disruption will suspend the exam session. 

IMPORTANT: If taking the exam online, you must use a computer on which you have full admin access.


  • You must be alone in the room throughout the test
  • You are required to have a webcam installed on your exam workstation
  • PC computers are recommended; however MACs are also acceptable
  • Chromebooks, tablets, iPads, dual/multiple monitors, and projectors are not permitted to be used as a testing device
  • Your computer must meet the system and equipment requirements listed here

Additional Resources

  • Preview the Candidate Experience with ProctorU
  • Browse the ProctorU Resource Center 

​If you have computer system questions after following the instructions provided by Meazure Learning's schedule confirmation email, please contact Meazure Learning at +1 919-572-6880 or

Note: Meazure Learning, Scantron, and ProctorU are all one-and-the-same organization.

  • Your valid, government issued photo ID (e.g., driver's license, passport, state-issued ID card) 
  • The printed exam confirmation notice you received from Meazure Learning
  • No other items can be brought into the exam environment 
    • A calculator and any other necessary resource materials will be provided on the computer for those taking the exam electronically
    • No reference material will be allowed in any test room
    • Please note that storage space will be limited

For all CCST level exams, Units Conversion Tables will be provided to candidates in either paper format (paper/pencil exams) or accessible within the electronic test interface for reference during the exam. Click here to review the Units Conversion Tables.

It is important to be certain when selecting the method and time you want to take the exam. You may incur fees if you change the time and method of testing. Exams must be scheduled in advance as follows: 

  • Candidates in the United States and Canada: you must submit your scheduling request at least two calendar days prior to your desired exam date
  • Candidates in other countries: you must submit your scheduling request at least five calendar days prior to your desired exam date

If you are within your exam window or eligibility period, you may reschedule your exam appointment before the online and test center reschedule cut-off times via the online exam scheduling system. If you are outside your exam window and want to request an extension, please contact

Changing from online exam to another online exam

There is no rescheduling fee. However, it must be changed no less than 24 hours prior to the scheduled appointment date and time.

Changing from online exam to test center exam

There is no rescheduling fee. However, it must be changed at least 24 hours in advance of the scheduled appointment. Additionally, you must reschedule the new appointment no less than two calendar days in advance of the new appointment at a Meazure Learning test center.

Changing from test center exam to another test center exam

You will incur a rescheduling fee of 50 USD. Rescheduling fees are payable to Meazure Learning via a secure e-commerce site (credit card). The reschedule cut-off time is no later than two calendar days prior to the exam appointment. Additionally, if you are scheduling a new online exam appointment, it must be done no less than 24 hours prior to the new appointment date and time.

Reschedule Fees:

CAP Associate and CST Associate:
  • ISA members: 76 USD
  • Non-members: 95 USD
All other Certificate Programs:
  • ISA members: 120 USD
  • Non-members: 150 USD
CAP Certification Program:
  • ISA members: 108 USD 
  • Non-members: 135 USD
CCST Certificate Programs:
  • ISA members: 116 USD
  • Non-members: 145 USD

You can cancel an exam through Meazure Learning's online exam scheduling system.

  • Online exam appointments must be cancelled no less than 24 hours prior to the scheduled appointment date and time. There is no cancellation fee
  • Exam center appointments must be cancelled no less than two calendar days prior to the scheduled testing appointment. There is a cancellation fee of 50 USD payable to Meazure Learning via a secure e-commerce site (credit card)

You may retest as many times as needed, if you do not pass or if you miss your scheduled exam, within your exam window or eligibility period. However, there is a fee each time that is payable to ISA. If you need to retest or have missed your exam, you must submit a request to

If a candidate fails their exam, they may retest as many times as needed within their 12-month certification exam window or six-month certificate eligibility period. There is a fee each time retesting is needed. If a candidate does not pass the exam within the program exam deadline, the applicant must reapply for that certification or register again for the certificate course to sit for the exam.

If you fail to appear for a scheduled exam or arrive more than 15 minutes after the scheduled start time, you will be considered a no-show and forfeit your exam. However, you may retake a missed exam by paying a rescheduling fee to ISA if you are within your exam window or eligibility period. To request a rescheduled exam, email with your request. See exam procedures section #4, Rescheduling an Exam, for reschedule fee costs.

You may qualify for an exception if you meet certain conditions and submit documentation to Meazure Learning no later than five calendar days after the scheduled exam appointment. If the exception is approved, there will be a no-show exemption fee of 50 USD payable via secure e-commerce (credit card) and collected by Meazure Learning. Please contact Meazure Learning by phone at +1 919-572-6880 or email for more details.

All ISA certification exams are closed-book and have multiple choice questions.  We apply a modified Angoff Method to determine the pass point for each exam (learn more about the modified Angoff Method below). Our certification exams last between 3 and 4 hours and our certificate exams last two hours.

ISA does not provide a passing score; you are only notified whether you passed or failed. If you fail an exam, you will receive a score report that lists the domains and indicates the percentage of questions answered correctly within each domain. Note that the percentages are not used to calculate a candidate’s passing score.

You will see your exam results on the screen at the completion of the exam. You will also receive your exam results immediately via email from ( If you do not receive an email containing your results within 24 hours, please contact Meazure Learning by phone at +1 919-572-6880 or email for assistance. 

If you pass your exam, you will receive an email containing a digital badge from within one business day of completing the exam. To access, manage, and/or share your secure digital badge, use your email address and password to enter your BadgeCert portfolio. If it is the first time accessing your portfolio or if you have forgotten your password, click “Request new password?” on their login page to create your password. More information about using your digital badge can be found here.

Be advised that we update our databases and systems with the previous month’s exam data in the first part of the following month.  ISA will update your credential status on the “My Credentials” tab from your ISA account and in ISA's Credential Directory within the first ten (10) business days of the following month you took your exam.

Modified Angoff Method

The modified Angoff Method uses expert judgements to determine the difficulty level of the exam. The easier the exam, the higher the pass point. Likewise, the more difficult the exam, the lower the pass point. The following is a basic outline of the modified Angoff Method (some details have been omitted):

  • A group of subject matter experts (SMEs) independently rate each exam question within a given form of the exam. The ratings are defined as the probability, or likelihood, that an acceptably (minimally) competent person with the requisite education and experience will answer the question correctly. An acceptably (minimally) competent person is defined as someone who adequately performs all job functions safely and requires no further training to do so.
  • The SMEs review each exam question as a group. A statistical consensus is reached for the difficulty rating of each exam question.
  • After the data is refined, the final step is to calculate the mean, or average, of all the exam question ratings. This becomes the overall pass point estimation.
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Prepare for the CAP Exam

ISA offers a variety of resources to help you prepare for the Certified Automation Professional (CAP®) exam.

Primary Textbook

A Guide to the Automation Body of Knowledge is the primary text resource for the CAP exam and provides a complete overview of all technical topics. Order the Guide to the Automation Body of Knowledge.

Study Guide

The CAP Study Guide is a comprehensive self-study resource that contains a list of the CAP domains and tasks, 75 review questions and answers complete with justifications. References that were used for each study guide question are also provided with the question. The Study Guide also includes a recommended list of publications that you can use to do further study on specific domains. Order the CAP Study Guide.

Review Courses

A CAP review course is available in several formats as preparation for taking the certification exam. This course is offered by ISA and can also be offered at your location.

ISA also has a variety of training courses that would be helpful in preparing for CAP. NOTE: The CAP exam fee is not included with the CAP review courses (EC00, EC00V, EC00E, and EC00M). Visit the Automation Professional Training page for a complete list.

Additional Resources

Exam Topics

  1. Basic Continuous Control: Process Instrumentation, Analytical Instrumentation, Continuous Control, Control Valves, Analog Communications, Control System Documentation, Control Equipment
  2. Basic Discrete, Sequencing, and Manufacturing Control: Discrete Input & Output Devices and General Manufacturing Measurements, Discrete and Sequencing Control, Motor and Drive Control, Motion Control
  3. Advanced Control Topics: Process Modeling, Advanced Process Control, Control of Batch Processes, Environmental, Environmental Monitoring, Building Automation
  4. Reliability, Safety, and Electrical: Alarm Management, Reliability, Process Safety and Safety Instrumented Systems, Electrical Installations, Safe Use and Application of Electrical Apparatus
  5. Integration and Software: Digital Communications, Industrial Networks, Manufacturing Execution Systems and Business Integration, System and Network Security, Operator Interface, Data Management, Software, Custom Software
  6. Deployment and Maintenance: Operator Training, Checkout, System Testing, and Startup, Troubleshooting, Maintenance, Long-Term Support and System Management
  7. Work Structure: Automation Benefits and Project Justifications, Project Management and Execution, Interpersonal Skills

CAP Sample Questions

Questions on the exam were derived from the actual practice of automation professionals as outlined in the CAP Role Delineation Study and job task analysis. Using interviews, surveys, observation, and group discussions, ISA worked with automation professionals to delineate critical job components to develop exam specifications to determine the number of questions related to each domain and task tested. This rigorous program development and ongoing maintenance process ensures that CAP certification accurately reflects the skills and knowledge needed to excel as an automation professional.

The following six questions were taken from the CAP exam question item bank and serve as examples of the question type and question content found on the CAP exam.

  1. The method by which the tasks and hazards associated with a machine or process are analyzed is known as:
    • A. Risk assessment.
    • B. Machine assessment.
    • C. Risk reduction.
    • D. Risk abatement.
  2. To test controller tuning or prototype new control strategies offline, the model should be a(an):
    • A. Tie-back (loopback) simulation.
    • B. Artificial neural network.
    • C. Dynamic process simulation.
    • D. Steady state process simulation.
  3. The temperature measurement with the BEST repeatability and resolution is the:
    • A. Thermocouple.
    • B. Resistance temperature detector (RTD).
    • C. Dial thermometer.
    • D. Capillary system.
  4. Which of the following is NOT a variable speed drive setup parameter?
    • A. Acceleration rate.
    • B. Motor winding type.
    • C. Output frequency.
    • D. Maximum speed.
  5. A complete test plan for system integration testing MUST include:
    • A. Comments for the application programmer.
    • B. Multiple test cases for each mode of operation.
    • C. At least five test cases for each test.
    • D. Expected results for each test case.
  6. Frequency of maintenance should be determined by:
    • A. Failure rates of components.
    • B. Availability of personnel and parts.
    • C. Management targets for efficiency and productivity.
    • D. Effectiveness of maintenance personnel.

Sample Questions Answer Key

Question Number Correct Answer Exam Content Outline
1 A Domain 1, Task 4
2 C Domain 2, Task 2
3 B Domain 3, Task 3
4 B Domain 4, Task 7
5 C Domain 5, Task 5
6 A Domain 6, Task 2
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Final Exam Schedule

Spring 2024

For Fall semesters, there will be one reading day on Monday of the first exam week and one reading day on Friday of the first exam week. For Spring semesters, there will be two reading days at the beginning of the first exam week.

Final exams are scheduled by the Registrar's Office based on the meeting pattern of the class with the exception of certain basic course sequences that enroll large numbers of first-year students listed below. This schedule avoids direct conflicts for students and minimizes the number of students with more than two exams on a single day.

Any change to assigned final exam dates and time requires additional approvals. Undergraduate students who have exam questions should contact their four-year advisor. Faculty and staff who have questions should contact

Class Meeting Exam Day Exam Time Grades Due
MWF 8:25-9:15 am May 6 7:30-10:30 pm May 8
MW/MF/WF 8:00-9:15 am May 6 7:30-10:30 pm May 8
MWF 9:30-10:20 am May 3 12:00-3:00 pm May 5
MWF 10:35-11:25 am May 3 8:00-11:00 am May 5
MWF 11:40 am-12:30 pm May 6 8:00-11:00 am May 8
MW 12:45-2:00 pm May 8 8:00-11:00 am May 10
MWF 2:15-3:05 pm May 6 12:00-3:00 pm May 8
MWF 3:20-4:10 pm May 8 12:00-3:00 pm May 10
MW 3:20-4:35 pm May 8 12:00-3:00 pm May 10
MWF 4:25-5:15 pm May 2 7:30-10:30 pm May 4
MW 4:50-6:05 pm May 2 7:30-10:30 pm May 4
MW 5:30-6:45 pm May 8 7:30-10:30 pm May 10
MW 7:00-8:15 pm May 6 3:30-6:30 pm May 8
M 7:00-9:30 pm May 6 3:30-6:30 pm May 8
W 7:00-9:30 pm May 6 3:30-6:30 pm May 8
TR 8:30-9:45 am May 7 12:00-3:00 pm May 9
TR 10:00-11:15 am May 9 8:00-11:00 am May 11 11:00 am
TR 11:30 am-12:45 pm May 2 12:00-3:00 pm May 4
TR 1:00-2:15 pm May 2 8:00-11:00 am May 4
TR 2:30-3:45 pm May 7 8:00-11:00 am May 9
TR 4:00-5:15 pm May 9 12:00-3:00 pm May 11 11:00 am
TR 5:30-6:45 pm May 9 3:30-6:30 pm May 11 11:00 am
TR 7:00-8:15 pm May 7 7:30-10:30 pm May 9
T 7:00-9:30 pm May 7 7:30-10:30 pm May 9
R 7:00-9:30 pm May 7 7:30-10:30 pm May 9

The course sequences listed below are scheduled outside of the normal exam grid because portions of the sequences enroll large numbers of first-year students. The special scheduling of these exams helps spread out final exams for these students.

Course Exam Day Exam Time Grades Due

MATH 120/121/122/123/124/125/126

May 2 3:30-6:30 pm May 4
CHEM 105/106/111; ENGR 145 May 3 3:30-6:30 pm May 5
BIOL 214/215/216 May 6 3:30-6:30 pm May 8
PHYS 115/116/121/122/123/124/221 May 7 3:30-6:30 pm May 9
CSDS 132/ECSE 132/ENGR 130/ENGR 131 May 8 3:30-6:30 pm May 10
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'Unsolvable' exam question meant for 11-year-old leaves adults defeated

A baffling exam question meant to test 11-year-old students has been leaving adults defeated - and the 'unsolvable puzzle will make you glad you're no longer in school

The question has left people baffed (stock photo)

A mind-bending maths question designed for school children has left adults stumped - with some saying the puzzle is completely 'unsolvable'.

Do you remember sitting your maths exams at school and scratching your head at the strange real-life quiz questions you'd be presented with? The questions are designed to encourage students to use logic to pick out the important parts of the often long-winded story and then figure out which maths discipline they need to use to find the correct answer.

They're not always easy and for many of us, they will have been the least favourite part of any exam. And it's no different for kids today either, as one maths question designed for 11-year-old students has been leaving children and adults alike baffled as they struggle to find the answer.

The question came from a Chinese exam paper that was designed for schoolchildren aged 11 in 2018. According to the BBC, a translation of the question asks: "If a ship had 26 sheep and 10 goats onboard, how old is the ship's captain?"

That's it. That's all the information you're given for this question - so try and answer it. Surely there must be some way to work it out, even though it certainly feels like you haven't been given enough details about the imaginary ship and its captain to truly reach a solution.

Other people who tried to work out the correct answer thought the same, and thanks to the South China Morning Post, we can even see some of the answers that clever students gave. One pupil argued: "The captain is 36 years old. He is quite narcissistic, so the number of animals corresponds to his age."

Another defied the question writers and refused to answer, as they said: "The number of the sheep and goats is irrelevant to the captain's age," and a third dejected student simply wrote: "The captain's age is ... I don't know. I can't solve this."

One answer from an adult on social media also tried to work the puzzle out using very sound logic, as they said: "In China, if you're driving a ship that cargo you need to have possessed a boat license for five years. The minimum age for getting a boat's license is 23, so he's at least 28."

But what is the correct answer? Well, there isn't one. Yep, that's right. Unfortunately, when we said this puzzle was "unsolvable", we meant it. As infuriating as it is, apparently the whole point of the question is that there's no way to work out the answer, and students will get the question right on their exam if they explain they don't have enough information to give a solution.

In a statement, Shunqing Education Department confirmed there was no answer, as they said: "The role of education is not to produce standardised spare parts ... Each answer can reflect a different personality. A question that can have different answers is a good question."

Do you have a story to sell? Get in touch with us at

Sat, 18 Nov 2023 01:32:00 -0600 en text/html
Researchers use environmental justice questions to reveal geographic biases in ChatGPT No result found, try new keyword!The researchers selected environmental justice as a topic to expand the range of questions typically used to test the performance of generative AI tools. Asking questions by county allowed the ... Fri, 15 Dec 2023 21:45:00 -0600 en-us text/html Now taking EXAMS is bad for the environment: Research reveals one GCSE test has the same carbon footprint as five washing machine cycles
  • One GCSE exam produces emissions equivalent to  driving a car 1.13 miles 
  • Most of the emissions are caused by students and staff getting to the venue  
  • They say you can't put a price on a good education, but it turns out you can calculate its carbon cost.

    Research by Ofqual has revealed it takes 5.6kg of CO2 to prepare, print, sit, and mark one English Language GCSE exam.

    That is equivalent to running the washing machine five times at 140°F (60°C) or driving 1.13 miles (1.82km) in a petrol car.

    Most of the total emissions come from pupils and staff getting to the exam venue, but the heating and lighting of the venue are also significant factors.

    This year, about 780,000 pupils sat an English language GCSE exam, creating 4,368 tonnes of CO2 for this paper alone.

    Ofqual estimates that the carbon footprint cost of a single GCSE English language exam is equivalent to five hot washing machine cycles (stock image)

    This chart shows the the different sources of greenhouse gas emissions to produce an English Language paper in 2022 where student and staff travel made up the largest amount 

    How does a GCSE produce emissions? 

    Total Emissions: 5.64 kg CO2 equivalent per paper 

    Student and staff travel to the exam: 50.74%

    Energy use during the exam: 30.32%

    Printing exam papers and scripts: 10.18%

    Scanning and indexing scripts: 4.02%

    Storage: 2.91%

    Other administrative tasks: 1.83% 


    In the first study of its kind, Ofqual looked at all the sources of emissions that go into creating a single GCSE exam. 

    They looked at every step of the process, from the development of the qualification to the disposal of the exam papers. 

    While the paper exam sheets might seem like the biggest climate worry, the research actually found that pupils and staff getting to the exam hall was the most significant factor. 

    Over 50 per cent of all the emissions that come from the exam are produced by transport to location. 

    A further 30 per cent comes from energy use on the day of the exam, for heating and lighting the hall.

    The remaining 20 per cent is made up of scanning and marking the exams, training staff, and transporting and storing the papers. 

    However, when pupils and staff are removed from the equation, other factors become a lot more significant.

    On this metric, printing the papers accounts for 53.8 per cent of all carbon emissions while scanning and indexing scripts accounts for 21 per cent. 

    If students and staff are excluded from the equation then printing exam papers and scripts makes up 53 per cent of the total emissions as this chart shows

    Dr Jo Saxton, chief regulator of Ofqual, says: 'It's incumbent upon all of us to do our bit when it comes to climate change and sustainability, and this is something that students across the country rightly care deeply about.

    'This study is the first step in helping us understand the footprint of the qualifications system and I hope exam boards will use this research to inform their own thinking, research and development in this space,' Dr Saxton told the Times. 

    This report comes at a time when a number of exam boards are considering moving some exams online. 

    Last week, OCR, one of the three big exam boards, announced it would offer the first fully online GCSE.

    From 2025 students taking the computer science degree will be able to sit their exams on a computer rather than using pen and paper. 

    AQA, another of the big exam boards, also announced its aim to have GCSE pupils take at least one major subject digitally by 2023.

    The first to be digitised would be the listening parts of GCSE Italian and Polish in 2026.

    In a report, AQA says: 'We will not do away with traditional pen-and-paper exams in a rush and anticipate a system where some components of some courses are delivered in a paper-based manner and other components are digital.'

    Sitting exams online looks more likely in the future but some have raised concerns that this might lead to increased rates of cheating (stock image)

    Some groups have raised concerns that online exams might lead to an increase in cheating.  

    Christopher McGovern, chairman of the Campaign for Real Education says: 'There is a real danger that exam cheats will qualify for courses and jobs that need to be done by people of higher intelligence rather than lower.

    'Online exams may have a part to play in assessing some areas of some subjects but they should come with a trigger warning of the dangers that can unfold from the greater likelihood of cheating.'

    When universities moved to predominantly online exams due to Covid, exam boards encountered rising rates of fraud. 

    Minutes of an education committee meeting at University College London (UCL) in October 2021 show the move to online assessment 'appeared to have led to a large increase in academic misconduct cases'.

    UCL found 57 cases of collusion and 42 cases of contract cheating, where students pay businesses to complete essays or sit exams on their behalf.  

    Tue, 12 Dec 2023 02:28:00 -0600 text/html
    Sample exam questions - chemicals of the natural environment

    Multiple choice questions will appear throughout both exam papers, and at both Foundation tier and Higher tier.

    These questions provide you with a number of answers, from which you must select the answer or answers that you think are correct.

    The question may tell you in bold how many ticks, rings or lines to draw. If you draw less than this, or more than this, you will not be able to get full marks. Make sure that you draw straight lines rather than complex wavy lines.

    There will usually be more options than correct answers. Don't just go for the first option that looks correct - read each option carefully and decide whether it is right or wrong.

    These questions have been written by Bitesize consultants as suggestions to the types of questions that may appear in an exam paper.

    Wed, 15 Mar 2023 16:36:00 -0500 en-GB text/html

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