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2B0-102 Enterasys Security Systems Engineer-Defense syllabus | Mon, 01 Jan 2024 19:51:00 -0600entext/html National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Fellowship (NDSEG)

The National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate (NDSEG) Fellowship is a highly competitive, portable fellowship that is awarded to U.S. citizens and nationals who intend to pursue a doctoral degree in one of the supported STEM disciplines. NDSEG confers high honors upon its recipients, and allows them to attend whichever U.S. institution they choose.

NDSEG Fellowships last for three years and pay for full tuition and all mandatory fees, a monthly stipend, and medical insurance (excluding dental and vision insurance).

Who Should Apply?

Undergraduate seniors and first or second year graduate students with significant research experience who are pursuing doctoral degrees in a STEM discipline.

To be eligible, you must:

  • be a US citizen or national
  • major in one of the supported STEM disciplines
  • be enrolled in your final year of undergraduate studies, or have completed fewer than two full-time years of graduate studies
  • be enrolled full-time in a doctoral program at a U.S. institution (graduate recipients)
  • start a doctoral program in the fall of the fellowship year (undergraduate recipients)

How to Apply

There is no campus endorsement or application process for NDSEG, but Drexel applicants are encouraged to seek support on their application from fellowships advisors. Contact UREP at for support.

More Information

For official information on NDSEG (which supersedes any information provided here) and access to the online application, please visit the NDSEG website.

Related Awards:

NSF Graduate Research Fellowship (GRFP); Hertz Foundation Graduate Fellowship; DOD SMARTDOE Office of Science Graduate Student Research (SCGSR) Program

Last updated: October 2023

Fields of Study:

  • Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics; Cognitive, Neural, and Behavioral Sciences


  • US Citizen/National
  • US Permanent Resident
Thu, 24 Sep 2020 07:13:00 -0500 en text/html
Enterasys Secure Networks Architecture and Dragon Threat Defense Solution Can Detect and Mitigate Latest SOBER Worm; New WORM_SO

Enterasys Secure Networks Architecture and Dragon Threat Defense Solution Can Detect and Mitigate Latest SOBER Worm; New WORM_SO

06 Janeiro 2006 - 05:50PM
Business Wire

Enterasys Networks(R) (NYSE: ETS), the Secure Networks Company(TM), announced today that its Secure Networks(TM) architecture and its award-winning Dragon Threat Defense solution are already able to detect and mitigate systems infected with the latest WORM_SOBER.AG, a worm that downloads malicious files from certain Web domains beginning today, January 6th, 2006. Enterasys constantly updates the signature library of Dragon to enable its enterprise customers worldwide to avoid the potentially business-crippling effects of worms, viruses and other attacks. More detailed information about the SOBER.AG mass mailer worm can be obtained from the Enterasys Security Response Team (ENSRT) advisory UPDATE* Worm - WORM_SOBER.AG or from Microsoft Security Advisory (912920). The Enterasys Secure Networks Advantage Enterasys' industry-leading Secure Networks products and solutions provide the industry's most comprehensive embedded infrastructure security available today. Secure Networks delivers granular policy-based security, providing visibility and control down to the network device, individual user and application level, which enables network managers to quickly and easily detect, assess, locate and protect against attacks. This unmatched security comes from the integrated policy-based management software architecture that works with the embedded security capabilities Enterasys designs into its entire product line. Enterasys' unique architectural approach offers significant operational and business benefits, unmatched by vendors that add hardware or software to multiple network access points in an attempt to increase security. In fact, Secure Networks technology can even make networks with competitors' equipment more secure. About Enterasys Networks Enterasys Networks--the Secure Networks Company(TM)--provides enterprises with the most integrated, up-to-date portfolio of security-enabled network infrastructure products, centralized command and control software, and advanced security applications available today. Information about the company's award-winning line of policy-enabled switches, routers, wireless products, security software, and services is available at (ETS-G) This news release contains forward-looking statements regarding future events, activities and financial performance, such as management's expectations regarding future revenue and cash flow; strategic relationships and market opportunities; product development; and other business strategies and objectives. These statements may be identified with such words as "we expect," "we believe," "we anticipate," or similar indications of future expectations. These statements are neither promises nor guarantees, and actual future financial performance, events and activities may differ materially. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. We expressly disclaim any obligation to update such statements publicly to reflect changes in the expectations, assumptions, events or circumstances on which such statements may be based or that may affect the likelihood that actual results will differ materially. Some risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from these forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: worldwide and regional economic uncertainty and recent political and social turmoil may continue to negatively affect our business and revenue; we have a history of losses in recent years and may not operate profitably in the future; our quarterly operating results may fluctuate, which could cause us to fail to meet quarterly operating targets and result in a decline in our stock price; we earn a substantial portion of our revenue for each quarter in the last month of each quarter, which reduces our ability to accurately forecast our quarterly results and increases the risk that we will be unable to achieve previously forecasted results; we continue to introduce new products, and if our customers delay product purchases or choose alternative solutions, or if sales of new products are not sufficient to offset declines in sales of older products, our revenue could decline, we may incur excess and obsolete inventory charges, and our financial condition could be harmed; we may be unable to upgrade our indirect distribution channels or otherwise enhance our selling capabilities, which may hinder our ability to grow our customer base and increase our revenue; we have experienced significant changes in senior management and our current management team has been together for only a limited time, which could limit our ability to achieve our objectives and effectively operate our business; there is intense competition in the market for enterprise network equipment, which could prevent us from increasing our revenue and achieving profitability; a portion of the enterprises we sell to rely in whole or in part on public funding and often face significant budgetary pressure, and if these customers must delay, reduce or forego purchasing from us, our revenues could be harmed; we depend upon a limited number of contract manufacturers for substantially all of our manufacturing requirements, and the loss of any of our primary contract manufacturers would impair our ability to meet the demands of our customers; and those additional risks and uncertainties discussed in our most recent filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our preliminary proxy statement filed on December 14, 2005, and our quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended October 1, 2005.
Thu, 21 Dec 2023 14:01:00 -0600 pt-BR text/html

2B0-102 syllabus - Enterasys Security Systems Engineer-Defense Updated: 2024

Just study these 2B0-102 2B0-102 dumps Questions and Pass the real test
Exam Code: 2B0-102 Enterasys Security Systems Engineer-Defense syllabus January 2024 by team
Enterasys Security Systems Engineer-Defense
Enterasys Engineer-Defense syllabus

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Enterasys Security Systems Engineer-Defense
C. Network Sensor
D. Alarm Tool
Answer: D
Question: 38
The Enable follow on signature check box
A. Enables dynamic packet collection
B. Enables combination signatures
C. Enables macro signatures
D. Applies signature to dynamically collected traffic
Answer: D
Question: 39
Before the host Sensor can be deployed AIt must be associated with a virtual
A. It must be associated with a host policy
B. Its key must be added to the /usr/dragon/bin directory
C. Its address must be added to /etc/hosts
Answer: A
Question: 40
MD5 checksums are
A. Stored in a protected directory on the host
B. Appended to the protected file
C. Passed up the event channel to the MD5 Agent
D. Stored in the /usr/dragon/bin directory on the Enterprise Management Server
Answer: C
Question: 41
Thresholds can be set to
A. Reduce false positives
B. Turn alarming on and off
C. Limit the number of events seen by Alarm Tool
D. Limit the number of sensors sending events
Answer: A
Question: 42
The default event channel port is?
A. 9111
B. 9112
C. 9113
D. 9114
Answer: B
Question: 43
Virtual Sensors can segregate traffic by?
A. IP Address, VLAN, Port
B. IP Address, VLAN, Port, Protocol
C. IP Address, VLAN, Port, Protocol, Application
D. IP Address, VLAN, Port, Application
Answer: B
Question: 44
Right-clicking on an IP address within a Data Mine provides a menu with all
but the following option?
A. Nessus Scan
B. DNS Lookup
C. Asset Profile
D. Port Scan
Answer: A
Question: 45
Master Network Libraries
A. Cannot be directly associated with sensors
B. Cannot be directly associated with virtual sensors
C. Can be directly associated with virtual sensors
D. Can be modified
Answer: C
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Enterasys Engineer-Defense syllabus - BingNews Search results Enterasys Engineer-Defense syllabus - BingNews Aerospace & Defense Jobs No result found, try new keyword!The genesis of many of these advances has come from discoveries resulting from specific challenges posed to aerospace engineers. Some of these challenges included water filtration systems ... Mon, 17 Aug 2020 07:30:00 -0500 en text/html Syllabus Requirements

Here you will find a cumulation of the required text that should be included on your syllabi. Please click each specific policy below for the required text.

Academic Integrity Statement
Fall 2019

The recommended statement is boxed.  Suggestions for additional content are discussed below and are at the discretion of the instructor.

Academic Integrity

The Academic Integrity pledge is an expression of the University’s commitment to fostering an understanding of -- and commitment to -- a culture of integrity at Santa Clara University. The Academic Integrity pledge, which applies to all students, states:

I am committed to being a person of integrity. I pledge, as a member of the Santa Clara University community, to abide by and uphold the standards of academic integrity contained in the Student Conduct Code.

Students are expected to uphold the principles of this pledge for all work in this class. For more information about Santa Clara University’s academic integrity pledge and resources about ensuring academic integrity in your work, see

A note related to academic integrity: Faculty are encouraged to include additional information on academic integrity specific to the class. This might include specifying what constitutes plagiarism, what is acceptable collaboration on assignments, and when students will be asked to affirm or sign the Academic Integrity Pledge (e.g. tests, essays, etc.), or including a version of the pledge signed by the professor in the syllabus. Additional suggestions for promoting Academic Integrity in the classroom are available in the Faculty section of SCU's Academic Integrity website:

Mon, 13 Nov 2023 22:55:00 -0600 en text/html
UPSC Mechanical Engineering Syllabus for IAS Mains: PDF Download
  1. Engineering Materials :

Basic concepts on structure of solids, common ferrous and non-ferrous materials and their applications; heat-treatment of steels; non-metals plastics, cermics, composite materials and nano-materials.

  1. Theory of Machines :

Kinematic and dynamic analysis of plane mechanisms. Cams, Gears and epicyclic gear trains, flywheels, governors, balancing of rigid rotors, balancing of single and multicylinder engines, linear vibration analysis of mechanical systems (single degree of freedom), Critical speeds and whirling of shafts.

  1. Manufacturing Science :

4.1 Manufacturing Process:

Machine tool engineering - Merhant’s force analysis: Taylor’s tool life equation; conventional machining; NC and CNC machining process; jigs and fixtures. Non-conventional machining-EDM, ECM, ultrasonic, water jet machining etc.; application of lasers and plasmas; energy rate calculations. Forming and welding processes-standard processes. Metrology-concept of fits and tolerances; tools and gauges; comparators; inspection of length; position; profile and surface finish.

4.2 Manufacturing Management: System design: factory location—simple OR models; plant layout-methods based; applications of engineering economic analysis and break-even analysis for product selection, process selection and capacity planning; predetermined time standards.

System planning; forecasting methods based on regression and decomposition, design and balancing of multi-model and stochastic assembly lines; inventory management-probabilistic inventory models for order time and order quantity determination; JIT systems; strategic sourcing; managing inter-plant logistics. System operations and control: Scheduling algorithms for job shops; applications of statistical methods for product and process quality control applications of control charts for mean, range, per cent defective, number of defectives and defects per unit; quality cost systems; management of resources, organizations 

UPSC Mechanical Engineering Syllabus for Paper 2

The UPSC Mechanical Engineering Paper II Syllabus focuses on topics like Thermodynamics, Gas Dynamics Turbine, Heat Transfer, Engines, Steam Engineering, and Refrigeration and Air-conditioning. Check the topic-wise UPSC Mechanical Engineering Optional Syllabus PDF for Paper II below.

  1. Thermodynamics, Gas Dynamics Turbine :

1.1 Basic concept of First-law and Second law of Thermodynamics; concept of entropy and reversibility; availability and unavailability and irreversibility.

1.2 Classification and properties of fluids; incompressible and compressible fluids flows; effect of Mach number and compressibility; continuity momentum and energy equations; normal and oblique shocks; one dimensional isentropic flow; flow or fluids in duct with frictions that transfer.

1.3 Flow through fans, blowers and compressors; axial and centrifugal flow configuration; design of fans and compressors; single problems compresses and turbine cascade; open and closed cycle gas turbines; work done in the gas turbine; reheat and regenerators.

  1. Heat Transfer :

2.1 Conduction heat transfer—general conduction equation-Laplace, Poisson and Fourier equations; Fourier law of conduction; one dimensional steady state heat conduction applied to simple wall, solid and hollow cylinder and spheres.

2.2 Convection heat transfer—Newton’s law of convection; free and forces convection; heat transfer during laminar and turbulent flow of an incompressible fluid over a flat plate; concepts of Nusselt number, hydrodynamic and thermal boundary layer their thickness; Prandtl number; analogy between heat and momentum transfer—Reynolds, Colbum, Prandtl analogies; heat transfer during laminar and turbulent flow through horizontal tubes; free convection from horizontal and vertical plates.

2.3 Black body radiation—basic radiation laws such as Stefan-boltzman, Planck distribution, Wein’s displacement etc.

2.4 Basic heat exchanger analysis; classification of heat exchangers.

  1. Engines :

3.1 Classification, themodynamic cycles of operation; determination of break power, indicated power, mechanical efficiency, heat balance sheet, interpretation of performance characteristics, petrol, gas and diesel engines.

3.2 Combustion in SI and CI engines, normal and abnormal combustion; effect of working parameters on knocking, reduction of knocking; Forms of combustion chamber for SI and CI engines; rating of fuels; additives; emission.

3.3 Different systems of IC engines-fuels; lubricating; cooling and transmission systems. Alternate fuels in IC engines.

  1. Steam Engineering :

4.1 Steam generation—modified Ranking cycle analysis; Modern steam boilers; steam at critical and supercritical pressures; draught equipment; natural and artificial draught; boiler fuels solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. Steam turbines—Principle; types; compounding; impulse and reaction turbines; axial thrust.

4.2 Steam nozzles—flow of steam in convergent and divergent nozzle pressure at throat for maximum discharge with different initial steam conditions such as wet, saturated and superheated, effect of variation of back pressure; supersaturated flow of steam in nozzles, Wilson line.

4.3 Rankine cycle with internal and external irreversibility; reheat factor; reheating and regeneration, methods of governing; back pressure and pass out turbines.

4.4 Steam power plants—combined cycle power generation; heat recovery steam generators (HRSG) fired and unfired, co-generation plants.

  1. Refrigeration and Air-conditioning :

5.1 Vapour compression refrigeration cycle—cycle on p-H & T-s diagrams; ecofriendly refrigerants—R 134a. 123; Systems like evaporators, condensers, compressor, expansion devices. Simple vapour absorption systems.

5.2 Psychrometry—properties; processes; charts; sensible heating and cooling; humidification and dehumidification effective temperature; air-conditioning load calculation; simple duct design.

How to Prepare the UPSC Mechanical Engineering Syllabus?

Candidates must adhere to the UPSC Mechanical Engineering Syllabus with robust strategy and study materials. One must gain conceptual clarity in the fundamentals and core topics to score well in the exam. Here, we have shared the tips and tricks to cover the Mechanical Engineering syllabus for the UPSC exam efficiently.

  • Check the UPSC Mechanical Engineering optional syllabus thoroughly and create a list of topics based on their difficulty level and distribution of marks.
  • Choose expert-recommended books and study resources to prepare only the chapters that are important from the exam point of view.
  • Solve UPSC Mechanical Engineering's previous year's question paper to know chapters asked over past decades and their contribution to the marks weightage.
  • Prepare short notes when studying the UPSC Mechanical Engineering optional syllabus for last-minute revision.

Booklist for UPSC Mechanical Engineering Optional Syllabus

A wide range of UPSC Mechanical Engineering books are available to prepare the UPSC Mechanical Engineering optional subject. Furthermore, one must pick the right books to get a firm grip on the foundation. This will help them to understand the advanced chapters prescribed in the UPSC Mechanical Engineering Optional Syllabus. Some of the best UPSC Mechanical Engineering Optional books are as follows.

  • Thermodynamics by R Yadav
  • Heat Transfer by Gupta Prakash
  • Heat Conversion by Arora and Kundwar
  • Theory of Mechanics by S S Rattan
  • Principles of Manufacturing Material & Process by Campbell
  • Theory of Mechanism and Mechanics by Jagdish Lal
  • Heat and Mass Transfer by R. Yadav
  • Fundamentals of Classed Thermodynamics by Van Wylen

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Tue, 21 Nov 2023 21:17:00 -0600 en text/html
History of Drexel Engineering

The first engineering courses in machine construction and mechanical drawing were offered on campus in 1892. By the turn of the century, Drexel launched the Department of Electrical Engineering, which grew within a decade to become the School of Engineering.

Drexel’s first Bachelor of Science in Engineering was established in 1914 as a four-year degree program and matriculated three students. Shortly after in 1919, Drexel’s very first co-op began with 152 engineering students. In 1945, the school became a college and within four years began offering graduate programs, eventually becoming by 1963 one of the first colleges at Drexel to offer a doctoral program.

  • 1892: Department of Mechanic Arts is one of the eleven founding departments of the Drexel Institute.
  • 1893: First engineering course offered at Drexel in Applied Electricity
  • 1900: Department of Electrical Engineering established
  • 1906: Department becomes the School of Engineering under the Department of Science and Technology
  • 1914: Drexel offers its first four-year degree program: a BS in Engineering
  • 1919: First engineering four-year co-op program established
  • 1936: Engineering Council for Professional Development accredits School of Engineering
  • 1940: Engineering Defense Training Program offered
  • 1941: Training begins in the Engineering Defense Program and the Engineering, Science, and Management of War Program
  • 1943: First women enroll
  • 1945: School of Engineering becomes the College of Engineering
  • 1949: First graduate program instituted
  • 1952: First graduate degree conferred
  • 1963: State of Pennsylvania grants the right to confer PhDs
  • 2011: Drexel Engineering paraphernalia goes to space with alumnus Christopher Ferguson ’84

“In the Course in Engineering it is recognized engineering is the profession which makes possible the application of science to the use of man. Especially it is recognized that with the advance of industrial and engineering knowledge a constantly increasing demand has arisen for the engineer trained broadly rather than intensively in all the major fields of engineering...”

1914 Engineering Course Catalog
The Drexel Institute of Art, Science and Industry

The 1914 cohort of students, all previously enrolled in the three-year Diploma in Engineering program, were required to complete 30 additional credits in an additional year to acquire the degree: 18 credits in their area of specialization (Electrical, Mechanical or Civil); four credits in each of the other two specialization areas; and two credits each in courses titled, “Costs and Accounting” and “Contracts and Specifications.” Some comments from their classmates provide insight into their interests…and senses of humor!

1914 senior engineer class officers

Frank S. Beatty
Philadelphia, PA
“‘Beatts’ has shown his ability in various ways about the school. One of them was when he took charge of temporary repairs of lights in the senior locker room one day when the switch was broken and the fuses gone. He has been a very loyal fellow, his voice leading the others when any shouting is being done, such as ‘We want light!’”

W. Russel Ganser
Norristown, PA
“Russell graduated from Norristown High School and entered Drexel the same year. He is blessed with noble traits of mind and character. He is very popular among the fellows. We are confident that he will be a successful engineer because he has the sterling qualities of honesty and fairness, which every good engineer should have. He has always applied himself ardently to his school work and has earned the admiration and respect of the Faculty.”

Charles M. Haywood
Oswego, New York
“When only two days old Charlie saw an electric milk warmer and decided at once to be an electrical engineer, but changed his mind at the beginning of the Senior year and decided that he would rather design machinery than explore the interior of door bells and shunt wound volts. As a class treasurer he is 100 percent efficient. His ‘Got a quarter?’' query has made him famous among the fellows. He has a very pleasing disposition and is always jolly. He is serious only when in the most trying moments, as in a physics exam.”

Land Acknowledgement Statement

The land on which Drexel University stands and upon which we gather is part of the traditional territory of the Lenni-Lenape, called “Lenapehoking.” It is here that the people called the 'grandfather tribe' and the 'peacemakers' have lived their lives, spoken their language, and held their ceremonies for thousands of years. Indeed, Lenni-Lenape is translated as “real or original person.” During the colonial and early federal period, many were removed west and north, but some also remain among the continuing historical tribal communities of the Philadelphia region: The Lenni-Lenape Tribal Nation, Ramapough Lenape Nation, and the Powhatan Renape Nation. The first tribe to sign a treaty with the United States, the Lenape were subjected to 250 years of colonization that included cultural suppression and erasure, forced removal from this land and continue to experience systemic discrimination and marginalization.

Acknowledging this history, our privilege to be on this land, and the Lenni-Lenape's continued presence, is consistent with Drexel University’s commitment to diversity, equity, and inclusion. We openly recognize the Lenape Indian tribe as the original inhabitants of eastern Pennsylvania, as well as their continuing presence and relationship with their territory. We acknowledge the Lenape people as the indigenous stewards of their homelands as well as the spiritual keepers of the Lenape Sipu, or Delaware River, and Drexel University does hereby commit to actively supporting our Lenape community members in whatever way we are able, helping to maintain the indigenous cultural identity of Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey and southern New York.

Tue, 07 Sep 2021 19:13:00 -0500 en text/html
Three Cybersecurity Predictions For 2024

Managing Director of Cyber Security Consulting at Verizon.

Cybersecurity evolves according to advances in technology. Twenty years ago, the cloud as we know it didn’t exist. Forensic investigation following a breach or incident was done manually onsite. But now, we live in a world where even physical equipment and machinery may be connected to a network via Internet of Things (IoT) sensors. This level of connectivity has delivered many benefits, but it also opened up new potential points of entry for threat actors. Naturally, cybersecurity has had to adapt to—or even better, stay ahead of—the shifting technology landscape.

What's Next In Cybersecurity?

Because change is the only constant, it's vital to anticipate emerging cybersecurity challenges to ensure your networks stay protected in the new year and beyond. Here are my predictions for 2024.

Compliance will be a major factor in cybersecurity.

A major compliance update comes from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). As of December 2023, the SEC is requiring businesses to disclose material cybersecurity incidents within four business days of the materiality determination. This could be an important safeguard for all publicly traded companies that have seen their fair share of widespread breaches in recent years, although how the new guidance is observed may vary. The SEC is interested in “material cybersecurity incidents,” but how that's interpreted remains to be seen.

PCI Data Security Standard (DSS) 4.0, the latest version of the global standard for protecting payment card account data, goes into effect in March 2024. Not only is it necessary for merchant processing payment cards, but it sets forth a baseline of technical and operational requirements that will help serve as an effective cybersecurity blueprint for e-commerce. Compliance with the PCI DSS 4.0 standard may be a months-long process, but every step on the compliance journey should help improve data protection, and e-commerce will be the better for it.

AI won't play a role in social engineering and vishing.

My next prediction is sort of a non-prediction: AI will not factor significantly in social engineering and vishing in 2024, despite what some may have you believe. It’s true that generative AI has the potential to automate and improve the effectiveness of social engineering, but the reality is that AI-powered social engineering either isn't currently taking place or is rarely occurring. There were no instances of AI involvement in social engineering attacks in this year’s Data Breach and Investigations Report (DBIR). I believe that’s unlikely to change in 2024.

Here’s why: Social engineering is already very effective in its current form. Pretexting, a social engineering technique that uses a plausible premise or identity to trick a target into divulging sensitive information, nearly doubled from last year’s DBIR to this year’s. Social engineering is also proving more and more lucrative for hackers. This year's DBIR also shared that over the last couple of years, the median dollar amount stolen in business email compromise (BEC) attacks—the enterprise version of pretexting—increased to $50,000. Hackers tend to gravitate toward the path of least resistance. Why invest in a more sophisticated method if the simple technique is working just fine?

That’s not to say AI can’t become a real threat to social engineering. Generative AI’s sophisticated natural language processing capabilities can be used to effectively mimic the speech patterns of real people. With this technology, pretexting becomes very realistic. AI could also help scale attacks across the globe by enabling credible social engineering in many different languages. AI may even be used to replicate a real person’s voice to make vishing (voice phishing) that much more compelling.

But, I believe that threat actors will only turn to AI when it’s necessary. As of now, the tried-and-true methods continue to work. It’s important to keep an eye on the evolution of more advanced attacks, but in 2024, you should continue prioritizing the defense of simple social engineering attacks that threat actors are already using to great effect.

Conflicts around the world will affect the course of cybersecurity.

Just as geopolitical forces impact economies worldwide, they can impact cybersecurity. The conflict between Israel and Hamas, for example, may influence the trajectory of cybersecurity, as Israel is a hub of cybersecurity innovation. With Israel’s attention turned toward Hamas, the cybersecurity supply chain could be hindered in 2024.

Although much of the world’s attention has turned to the Middle East, we would be remiss to overlook the Ukraine-Russia conflict, which also has a significant bearing on global cybersecurity. Whenever this conflict is resolved, enterprises, research facilities and other organizations could once again see an uptick in attacks from nation-state threat actors from this region. Nation-state actors also tend to have more resources, allowing them the opportunity to employ more sophisticated attacks. Although it’s impossible to forecast the outcomes of these conflicts, how they unfold will have consequences for cybersecurity worldwide in 2024 and beyond.

A Plan For You

Staying current with cybersecurity requires both attention to detail and big-picture thinking. Regulatory compliance can serve as a practical blueprint for cybersecurity, and understanding the macro forces at work can help you anticipate and evolve. Although compliance and geopolitical forces should certainly inform your cybersecurity strategy, your ultimate signpost should be your organizational objectives. Heed the global climate and adhere to federal compliance, but create your own cybersecurity plan.

Forbes Technology Council is an invitation-only community for world-class CIOs, CTOs and technology executives. Do I qualify?

Wed, 27 Dec 2023 00:00:00 -0600 Chris Novak en text/html
Strengthening the Talent for National Defense: Infusing Advanced Manufacturing in Engineering Education through Capstone Design Courses No result found, try new keyword!Cutting-edge technologies are reshaping manufacturing in the United States and around the world, with applications from medicine to defense. If the United States wants to further build upon these new ... Fri, 11 Jun 2021 10:14:00 -0500 text/html Defense Agencies Turn to Platform Engineering to Accelerate DevSecOps

To deliver cutting-edge capabilities, the military needs to bring new applications to warfighters quickly and effectively. To that end, Department of Defense branches have leaned heavily into DevSecOps, a practice that encourages collaboration among development, security and operations organizations to speed software production.

But the talents needed to inform the DevSecOps pipeline aren’t always readily available. That pipeline “requires certain skills, such as Kubernetes, cloud scalability, creating specific containerizations,” says Hasan Yasar, technical director for continuous deployment of capability at the Carnegie Mellon University Software Engineering Institute.

“It is very difficult because we cannot get everybody to be experts in containers. We cannot get everybody to be experts in such complex systems,” he says.

To close the gap, the military is looking increasingly to platform engineering. This foundational approach turns the software factory from a startup-like project to a fine-tuned machine — freeing developers to focus on code and driving a more consistent end product.

Click on the banner to find out more about platform engineering.

Air Force’s Platform One Curates DevSecOps Tools

The U.S. Air Force established Platform One to bring platform engineering to life. P1 accelerates mission advantage by providing a secure, centralized software development and delivery platform, a suite of tools and training.

Lt. Col. Brian Viola, P1 materiel leader, describes the approach as vital to the modern military effort. “Today, software developers face an enormously complex set of technologies to securely develop and operate software at enterprise scale,” he says.

Platform engineering improves the software developer experience by making readily available the tools and infrastructure required for application development,” he adds.

But traditional timelines for developing a new capability can be as long as months to years; Viola says that’s not fast enough to meet today’s rapidly changing modern mission requirements.

To speed production, P1 delivers platform engineering via a curated set of DevSecOps capabilities that developers can use to deploy software quickly.

EXPLORE: Improved cybersecurity logging gives agencies better network visibility.

P1 offers secure tools through its Iron Bank, a hardened container image repository; Docker and Prisma Cloud are among them. “Then we leverage Infrastructure as Code and Configuration as Code” through a value stream the Air Force calls Big Bang, Viola says.

“The integration and orchestration of the hardened containers from Iron Bank within a Kubernetes cluster provide the platform for software developers to develop, secure and operate,” he adds.

P1’s offerings can be readily repurposed from one DevSecOps project to another. “This reusability lowers potential misconfigurations,” he says. This accounts for many software vulnerabilities and also saves the organization from having to reinvent the wheel each time it launches a new project.

In addition, P1 offers a managed Platform as a Service known as Party Bus — a secure, multitenant and multiclassification environment for development, staging and production.

With the Party Bus managed environment, “a software team can quickly deliver security-approved software applications to the warfighter within several weeks instead of years,” Viola says.

“Party Bus provides an all-encompassing platform product including a service desk and a platform operations team, so that software developers can just focus on the software that brings value to the warfighter.”

Black Pearl Supports Navy DevSecOps Teams

The U.S. Navy’s version of platform engineering — the Black Pearl initiative —brings together defense industry, business, government and academic expertise to deliver “a portfolio of DevSecOps products and services that support modern software development and delivery,” according to a Navy white paper.

As a platform solution, “Black Pearl’s common software environment provides commoditized DevSecOps tooling and pipeline component templates, integration infrastructure and compute. Together, these enable fast, cost-effective standup of software factories,” the Navy notes.

Technology experts say this is just the kind of approach the military needs in today’s highly competitive environment.

“You could argue that platform engineering is the tactical next step to help a mature DevOps team work more efficiently,” says James Stanger, chief technology evangelist at CompTIA.

“The promise of platform engineering is that it provides a centralized set of tools, application programming interfaces, workflows and templates for developers to use as they follow DevOps best practices.”

When done right, this approach provides consistency. “Developers can use the same tools, for example,” Stanger says. “A well-established platform can help enforce best practices and make sure folks are following a secure software development lifecycle.”

Platform engineering improves the software developer experience by making readily available the tools and infrastructure required for application development.”

Col. Brian Viola Platform One Materiel Leader, U.S. Air Force

How the Army Is Looking to Simplify Platform Engineering

The Army is following a similar path as it delivers platform engineering through the Army Futures Command Software Factory.

The overall mission of Futures Command is to provide solutions to technical problems “in as close to real time as possible. And software seems to be at the heart of most technical problems these days,” says AFC Software Factory Director Col. Vito Errico.

DevSecOps can accelerate change, but it presents challenges. For example, most military stakeholders “are used to the more traditional model where security comes last, where the fusion with DevOps is just not there,” Errico says.

“You want to make it easy for the end users to give you feedback on whatever you're showing them. But it can get confusing externally, translating the security piece across the larger enterprise,” he says.

That confusion in turn can roil the development process, slowing things down and introducing a chaotic element to the endeavor.

EXPLORE: Platform One helps the Air Force find skilled workers to keep software factories running.

Platform engineering helps address this in part by bringing a common set of technologies to the table. That includes “everything on the security side for static and dynamic code analysis, pipeline-triggering tools,” Errico says. “It includes simple things like version control, basic product management tools, workload tracking as well as visualization and collaboration tools.”

With these common elements, he adds, the platform approach “serves to simplify a process that can feel esoteric to others.”

In pursuing platform engineering, the military is right in step with industry standards. Gartner expects that by 2026, 80 percent of software engineering organizations will “establish platform teams as internal providers of reusable services, components and tools for application delivery.”

Platform engineering promises not only to speed software delivery but also to ensure a more secure end product. That’s crucial in today’s adversarial cyber environment.

“If the adversary can invest hundreds of thousands of dollars to subvert a million-dollar system, that's a great investment for them,” the Air Force’s Viola says. With platform engineering, “we're trying to flip that.”


The year DOD stood up its first software factory, the Air Force’s Kessel Run

Source: U.S. Air Force

Getty Images

Tue, 05 Dec 2023 04:17:00 -0600 Adam Stone en text/html
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