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Exam Code: CIMAPRA17-BA4-1-ENG Fundamentals of Ethics, Corporate Governance and Business Law test January 2024 by Killexams.com team
Fundamentals of Ethics, Corporate Governance and Business Law
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CIMAPRA17-BA4-1-ENG
Fundamentals of Ethics, Corporate Governance and Business
Law
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Question: 89
Miss B is working closely with Mr L to deliver an important report on the efficiency of Mr L’s department. They have
had to work late together several times, and last night they went out to dinner afterwards. Miss B is starting to think
she may have feelings for Mr L.
Could her independence be called into question?
A . Yes, her feelings could be influencing her independence of mind
B . No, she is not actually dating Mr L so her independence of appearance is not compromised
C . No, provided she does not act on her feelings and continues to be professional
D . Yes, having dinner with a work colleague can affect her independence of appearance
Answer: A
Question: 90
ABC Accountants has taken out an advert in its local paper to promote its services. Mr B, an account manager, is
uncomfortable, as the advert says that ABC is expert in charitable tax issues, and he knows that none of the partners
have that expertise. However, Mr B does not want to be thought of as a ‘trouble maker’ by bringing the matter up with
his manager.
Which TWO things should Mr B do?
A . Seek guidance from CIMA’s Code of Ethics
B . Seek guidance from his line-manager
C . Do nothing
D . Speak to the local paper
Answer: A,B
Question: 91
What can companies do in order to minimize the likelihood of future legislation?
A . Maintain effective self regulation
B . Insist on the highest standards of ethical behavior from their company and its employees
C . Understand and address what the public expects of companies in terms of ethical
behavior and social responsibilities
D . All of the above
Answer: D
Question: 92
Completing work within established deadlines reflects the personal quality identified by the CIMA Code of Ethics as:
A . Responsibility
B . Accuracy
C . Timeliness
D . Tardiness
Answer: C
Question: 93
Which of the following statements are correct?
(i) A claim for unfair dismissal must be made to an industrial tribunal within 3 months of the effective date of
termination.
(ii) A claim for wrongful dismissal must be made to an industrial tribunal within 6 years of the effective date of
termination.
(iii) A claim for wrongful dismissal must be made to an industrial tribunal within 3 months of the effective date of
termination.
A . (i) and (ii)
B . (i)
C . (ii)
D . (i) and (iii)
Answer: A
Question: 94
Which of the following statements is incorrect?
(i) A term may be implied into a contract on the basis of previous dealings between the parties.
(ii) A term may be implied into a contract by statute.
(iii) A term may be implied into a contract by a court where it would be reasonable to imply it.
A . (i) only
B . (i) and (ii) only
C . (ii) only
D . (iii) only
Answer: D
Question: 95
In which country are accountants legally required to speak up about certain ethical concerns?
A . United Kingdom
B . Italy
C . United States of America
D . China
Answer: C
Question: 96
Although no-one has reason to suspect, you have taken a violent dislike to a particular assurance client.
This could severely affect your independence:
A . Of belief
B . In appearance
C . Of mind
D . In competence
Answer: C
Question: 97
Which of the following is incorrect?
A . All courts below the Supreme Court may refer a case involving European Law to the European Court of Justice for
a preliminary ruling.
B . Supreme Court must refer a case involving European Law to the European Court of Justice for a preliminary
ruling.
C . An English court is not bound to give effect to a preliminary ruling of the European Court of Justice.
D . A preliminary ruling of the European Court of Justice is sent back to the Court which referred the question and
must be given effect by that court.
Answer: C
Question: 98
AB Ltd contracted to deliver two desks and three filing cabinets to CD Ltd. On the day when delivery was due to take
place AB Ltd did not have a vehicle with sufficient capacity to hold all the goods. As a result AB Ltd delivered the
two desks only
Which of the following is correct?
A . The contract between AB Ltd and CD Ltd is frustrated.
B . CD Ltd is legally entitled to refuse delivery of the desks
C . The failure to deliver the filing cabinets is a breach of a warranty which entitles CD Ltd to claim damages
D . The delivery of the desks amounts to substantial performance of the contract and CD Ltd is obliged to pay the
contract price less an amount for the defects in performance
Answer: B
Question: 99
While working as an accountant, you are asked to overlook certain irregularities in your company’s accounts.
This is likely to result in tensions described by which TWO of the following four options:
A . Personal and societal values
B . Personal and corporate values
C . Professional and corporate values
D . Professional and societal values
Answer: B,C
Question: 100
Which of the following terms can be defined as follows?
"…the way an organization manages its relationships"
A . Ethics
B . Social responsibility
C . Corporate governance
D . Professional behavior
Answer: B
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When can I take the FE exam?

To be eligible to take the NCEES Fundamentals of Engineering exam, you must meet the following requirements:

  1. Completed 90 credits
  2. Achieved senior status
  3. Be enrolled in mostly 400-level courses toward your engineering degree
  4. Be enrolled in the ENGR 490 section assigned to your major department
    • Section 1002-Chemical & Materials Science Engr
    • Section 1003-Civil & Environmental Engr
    • Section 1004-Electrical & Biomedical Engr
    • Section 1005-Mechanical Engr
    • Section 1006-Geological Engr
    • Section 1007-Metallurgical & Mining Engr

For seniors ready to take the FE exam, you will still need to register for ENGR 490 the semester you plan on taking the exam. Please be mindful that if you plan on graduating in the semester you take the exam, you will need to take the exam no later than prep day to allow for adequate processing time (uploading your exam proof). Otherwise, this may delay your diploma.

CSE students are not required to take the FE exam. 

The exam will be held at any NCEES-approved testing facility year round at a testing day and time that you choose. Do not wait to sign up for an exam date! If you choose to wait to sign up for the test in the middle of or later in the semester, the testing center dates will most likely be FULL! This may cause a delay, or even denial, in receiving your diploma if you are taking the exam in your last semester. Yes, it is an expensive test, but isn't it more expensive to have wait an extra semester for your diploma?

How do I sign up for the FE exam?

Register for the exam on the NCEES website.

How do I prepare for the FE exam?

You may access and review the current FE Supplied Reference Manual, the same type you'll be using during the examination, on the NCEES website.

Study sessions are often organized by the student chapters of ASCE and ASME once a semester. Emails will be sent to students enrolled in ENGR 490, and flyers will be posted on the College's Facebook page. There is often a small cost in order to attend each session.

Please contact Anna Ramirez, annaramirez@unr.edu, with any questions about review sessions.

Once you've passed the FE exam

Go to the Nevada State Board of Engineering website and apply for Engineer Intern certification. Instructions on how to apply can be found on their website.

Ready to take the early PE exam?

More information about the early PE exam can be found on the Nevada State Board of Engineers website.

Wed, 14 Mar 2018 06:54:00 -0500 en-us text/html https://www.unr.edu/engineering/student-resources/fe-exam
Chapter 11: Planning and Scheduling Fundamentals Self-Test No result found, try new keyword!Since the material, the questions and the answers are all contained between the front and back covers of this text, you, the reader, are effectively empowered to approach this test in any manner you ... Mon, 26 Feb 2018 17:41:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.globalspec.com/reference/33275/203279/chapter-11-planning-and-scheduling-fundamentals-self-test ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Certificate Program

Covering the Complete Cybersecurity Lifecycle for Industrial Automation and Control Systems

ISA Cybersecurity Certificate Program Image

The ISA industrial cybersecurity training courses and knowledge-based certificate recognition program are based on ISA/IEC 62443—the world’s only consensus-based series of automation cybersecurity standards, and a key component of government cybersecurity plans. This program covers the complete lifecycle of industrial automation and control system (IACS) assessment, design, implementation, operations, and maintenance.

The program is designed for professionals involved in IT and control system security roles that need to develop a command of industrial cybersecurity terminology, as well as a thorough understanding of the material embedded in the ISA/IEC 62443 series of standards. The ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity certificates are awarded to those who successfully complete a designated training course and pass a 75-100 question multiple choice exam.

Recommended Experience

While there are no required prerequisites or formal applications to begin this program, consider the following recommendations:

  • You should have three to five years of experience in the IT cybersecurity field, with some experience in an industrial setting—at least two years specifically in a process control engineering setting
  • Familiarity with the ISA/IEC 62443 standards is helpful
  • The advanced courses do have recommended course prerequisites and experience, but they are not required
  • Note that certificate one attainment is required to proceed to all other certificate levels

ISA/IEC 62443 Certificates and Requirements

Each certificate requires you to successfully complete a course and pass the exam. Successful completion of Certificate 1: ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Fundamentals Specialist is required before taking exams for certificates 2, 3, and 4. The courses and certificate exams for 2, 3, and 4 may be taken in any order. The ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Expert certificate is awarded automatically upon successful completion of all four certificates.

Certificate 1: ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Fundamentals Specialist

  • Successful completion of the ISA/IEC 62443 Standards to Secure Your Industrial Control System training course and exam. Choose from one of the following formats:

Certificate 2: ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Risk Assessment Specialist

  • Obtain the ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Fundamentals Specialist certificate.
  • Successful completion of one of the following training courses and exam. Choose from one of the following formats:

Certificate 3: ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Design Specialist

  • Obtain the ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Fundamentals Specialist certificate.
  • Successful completion of one of the following training courses and exam. Choose from one of the following formats:

Certificate 4: ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Maintenance Specialist

  • Obtain the ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Fundamentals Specialist certificate.
  • Successful completion of one of the following training courses and exam. Choose from one of the following formats:

The ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Expert

  • Individuals who achieve Certificates 1, 2, 3, and 4 are automatically designated as ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Experts

Renewal

You are not required to renew your ISA/IEC 62443 certificate(s); however, once obtained your certificate(s) will only be considered current for three (3) years. To learn more about extending the current status of your certificate(s), visit the Certificate Renewal page.

Tue, 18 Jul 2023 12:59:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.isa.org/certification/certificate-programs/isa-iec-62443-cybersecurity-certificate-program
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Chapter 5: Fundamentals of Drawdown Test Analysis Methods No result found, try new keyword!Offering a thorough understanding of gas well test analysis basics, this book focuses on practical field application, where over 100 field examples are presented to illustrate basic methods for ... Mon, 19 Feb 2018 00:01:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.globalspec.com/reference/28824/203279/chapter-5-fundamentals-of-drawdown-test-analysis-methods CIMA hosts the Lifetime Achievement Awards 2023 on its 30th year No result found, try new keyword!This year it was awarded to the Late Sushen Ghosh, Alka Pande, and Ruby Palchoudhuri The Centre of International Modern Art (CIMA) hosted its Lifetime Achievement Awards 2023 at the Taj Bengal Kolkata ... Mon, 25 Dec 2023 10:04:00 -0600 en-us text/html https://www.msn.com/ Preparing for the AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Exam No result found, try new keyword!In this course, you will prepare for the AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals exam. You will refresh your knowledge of cloud concepts, Microsoft Azure services, Microsoft Azure workloads ... Fri, 06 Jan 2023 16:56:00 -0600 https://www.usnews.com/education/skillbuilder/preparing-for-the-az-900-microsoft-azure-fundamentals-exam-0_CopdX3XBEeuulw5wDKo02w Fundamental Analysis: Principles, Types, and How to Use It

What Is Fundamental Analysis?

Fundamental analysis (FA) measures a security's intrinsic value by examining related economic and financial factors. Intrinsic value is the value of an investment based on the issuing company's financial situation and current market and economic conditions.

Fundamental analysts study anything that can affect the security's value, from macroeconomic factors such as the state of the economy and industry conditions to microeconomic factors like the effectiveness of the company's management.

The end goal is to determine a number that an investor can compare with a security's current price to see whether the security is undervalued or overvalued by other investors.

Key Takeaways

  • Fundamental analysis is a method of determining a stock's real or "fair market" value.
  • Fundamental analysts search for stocks currently trading at prices higher or lower than their real value.
  • If the fair market value is higher than the market price, the stock is deemed undervalued, and a buy recommendation is given.
  • If the fair market value is lower than the market price, the stock is deemed overvalued, and the recommendation might be not to buy or to sell if the stock is held.
  • In contrast, technical analysts favor studying the historical price trends of the stock to predict short-term future trends.

Investopedia / Paige McLaughlin

Understanding Fundamental Analysis

Fundamental analysis is usually done from a macro to micro perspective to identify securities that are not correctly priced by the market.

Analysts typically study, in order:

  • The overall state of the economy
  • The strength of the specific industry
  • The financial performance of the company issuing the stock

This ensures they arrive at a fair market value for the stock.

Sources for Fundamental Analysis

Fundamental analysis uses publicly available financial data to evaluate the value of an investment. The data is recorded on financial statements such as quarterly and annual reports and filings like the 10-Q (quarterly) or 10-K (annual). The 8-K is also informative because public companies must file it any time a reportable event occurs, like an acquisition or upper-level management change.

Most public—and many private—companies list annual reports on the investor relation sections of their websites, highlighting financial decisions made and results achieved throughout the year.

For example, you might perform a fundamental analysis of a bond's value by looking at economic factors such as interest rates and the overall state of the economy. Then, you'd evaluate the bond market and use financial data from similar bond issuers. Finally, you'd analyze the financial data from the issuing company, including external factors such as potential changes in its credit rating. You could also read through the 8-K, 10-Q, 10-K, and the issuer's annual reports to find out what they are doing, their goals, or other issues.

Fundamental analysis uses a company's revenues, earnings, future growth, return on equity, profit margins, and other data to determine a company's underlying value and potential for future growth.

Intrinsic Value

One of the primary assumptions behind fundamental analysis is that a stock's current price often does not fully reflect the value of the company when compared to publicly available financial data. A second assumption is that the value reflected from the company's fundamental data is more likely to be closer to the true value of the stock.

Intrinsic value means something different in stock valuation than in options trading. Option pricing uses a standard calculation for intrinsic value, while it can be calculated in many different ways for a stock.

For example, say that a company's stock was trading at $20, and after extensive research on the company, an analyst determines that it ought to be worth $24. Another analyst does equal research but decides it should be worth $26.

Many investors will consider the average of these estimates and assume that the stock's intrinsic value may be near $25. Often investors consider these estimates highly relevant because they want to buy stocks trading at prices significantly below these intrinsic values.

This leads to a third major assumption of fundamental analysis: In the long run, the stock market will reflect the fundamentals. The problem is, no one knows how long "the long run" really is. It could be days or years.

This is what fundamental analysis is all about. By focusing on a particular business, an investor can estimate the intrinsic value of a firm and find opportunities to buy at a discount or sell at a premium. The investment will pay off when the market catches up to the fundamentals.

Fundamental analysis is used most often for stocks, but it is useful for evaluating any security, from a bond to a derivative. If you consider the fundamentals, from the broader economy to the company details, you are doing a fundamental analysis.

Fundamental Analysis vs. Technical Analysis

This method of analysis starkly contrasts with technical analysis, which attempts to forecast price direction through analyzing historical market data such as price and volume. Technical analysis uses price trends and price action to create indicators. Some of the indicators create patterns that have names resembling their shapes, such as the head and shoulders pattern. Others use trend, support, and resistance lines to demonstrate how traders view investments and indicate what will happen. Some examples are the symmetrical triangle or the wedge.

Fundamental analysis relies on financial information reported by the company whose stock is being analyzed. Ratios and metrics are created using the data which indicate how a company is performing compared to similar companies.

Quantitative and Qualitative Fundamental Analysis

The problem with defining the word fundamentals is that it can cover anything related to the economic well-being of a company. They include numbers like revenue and profit, but they can also include anything from a company's market share to the quality of its management.

The various fundamental factors can be grouped into two categories: quantitative and qualitative. The financial meaning of these terms isn't much different from well-known definitions:

  • Quantitative: information that can be shown using numbers, figures, ratios, or formulas
  • Qualitative: rather than a quantity of something, it is its quality, standard, or nature

In this context, quantitative fundamentals are hard numbers. They are the measurable characteristics of a business. That's why the biggest source of quantitative data is financial statements. Revenue, profit, assets, and more can be accurately measured.

The qualitative fundamentals are less tangible. They might include the quality of a company's key executives, brand-name recognition, patents, and proprietary technology.

Neither qualitative nor quantitative analysis is inherently better. Many analysts consider them together.

Qualitative Fundamentals to Consider

There are four key fundamentals that analysts always consider when regarding a company. All are qualitative rather than quantitative. They include:

The Business Model

What exactly does the company do? This isn't as straightforward as it seems. If a company's business model is based on selling fast-food chicken, is it making its money that way? Or is it just coasting on royalty and franchise fees?

Competitive Advantage

A company's long-term success is primarily driven by its ability to maintain a competitive advantage—and keep it. Powerful competitive advantages, such as Coca-Cola's brand name and Microsoft's domination of the personal computer operating system, create a moat around a business allowing it to keep competitors at bay and enjoy growth and profits. When a company can achieve a competitive advantage, its shareholders can be well rewarded for decades.

Management

Some believe management is the most important criterion for investing in a company. It makes sense: Even the best business model is doomed if the company's leaders fail to execute the plan properly. While it's hard for retail investors to meet and truly evaluate managers, you can look at the corporate website and check the resumes of the top brass and the board members. How well did they perform in previous jobs? Have they been unloading a lot of their stock shares lately?

Corporate Governance

Corporate governance describes the policies in place within an organization denoting the relationships and responsibilities between management, directors, and stakeholders. These policies are defined and determined in the company charter, its bylaws, and corporate laws and regulations. You want to do business with a company that is run ethically, fairly, transparently, and efficiently. Particularly note whether management respects shareholder rights and shareholder interests. Make sure their communications to shareholders are transparent, clear, and understandable. If you don't get it, it's probably because they don't want you to.

Industry

It's also important to consider a company's industry: its customer base, market share among firms, industry-wide growth, competition, regulation, and business cycles. Learning how the industry works will give an investor a deeper understanding of a company's financial health.

Quantitative Fundamentals to Consider: Financial Statements

Financial statements are the medium by which a company discloses information concerning its financial performance. Followers of fundamental analysis use quantitative information from financial statements to make investment decisions. The three most important financial statements are income statements, balance sheets, and cash flow statements.

The Balance Sheet

The balance sheet represents a record of a company's assets, liabilities, and equity at a particular point in time. It is called a balance sheet because the three sections—assets, liabilities, and shareholders' equity—must balance using the formula:

Assets = Liabilities + Shareholders' Equity

Assets represent the resources the business owns or controls at a given time. This includes items such as cash, inventory, machinery, and buildings. The other side of the equation represents the total financing value the company has used to acquire those assets.

Financing comes as a result of liabilities or equity. Liabilities represent debts or obligations that must be paid. In contrast, equity represents the total value of money that the owners have contributed to the business—including retained earnings, which is the profit left after paying all current obligations, dividends, and taxes.

The Income Statement

While the balance sheet takes a snapshot approach in examining a business, the income statement measures a company's performance over a specific time frame. Technically, you could have a balance sheet for a month or even a day, but you'll only see public companies report quarterly and annually.

The income statement presents revenues, expenses, and profit generated from the business' operations for that period.

Statement of Cash Flows

The statement of cash flows represents a record of a business' cash inflows and outflows over a period of time. Typically, a statement of cash flows focuses on the following cash-related activities:

  • Cash from investing (CFI): Cash used for investing in assets, as well as the proceeds from the sale of other businesses, equipment, or long-term assets
  • Cash from financing (CFF): Cash paid or received from the issuing and borrowing of funds
  • Operating Cash Flow (OCF): Cash generated from day-to-day business operations

The cash flow statement is important because it's challenging for a business to manipulate its cash situation. There is plenty that aggressive accountants can do to manipulate earnings, but it's tough to fake cash in the bank. For this reason, some investors use the cash flow statement as a more conservative measure of a company's performance.

Fundamental analysis relies on using financial ratios drawn from data on corporate financial statements to make inferences about a company's value and prospects.

Example of Fundamental Analysis

The Coca-Cola Company is a prime example that can be used in fundamental analysis. To begin, an analyst would examine the economy using some published metrics:

  • Consumer price index (inflation measure)
  • Gross domestic product growth
  • Exports/imports
  • Purchasing manager's index
  • Interest rates

Then, the sector and industry would be examined using statistics and metrics from various reports and competitor companies. Lastly, the analysts would gather the reports from Coca-Cola or the Security and Exchange Commission's Edgar filings database.

Analysts might also use data gathered by another firm, such as CSIMarket. CSIMarket provides fundamental analysis data for investors, so you could begin by assessing the value of Coca-Cola's assets, income streams, debts, and liabilities. You might find comparisons of objective metrics such as revenue, profits, and growth, especially in the context of the broader beverage industry.

Using CSIMarket's analysis, the analyst could compare growth rates to the industry and sector Coca-Cola operates in, along with the other information provided, to see if the company is valued correctly. For example, as of August 2022, for the trailing twelve months (TTM), Coca-Cola had (using only a few of the possible ratios and metrics):

 Coca-Cola Industry  Sector 
Y/Y Revenue Growth 13.48%  10.86%  16.18%
P/E Ratio 29.12  25.16  18.68 
Price to Free Cash Flow 24 7.45 4.23
Debt to Equity (TTM) 1.57 0.14 0.11
Quick Ratio (TTM) 0.16 0.24 0.2
Return on Equity (TTM) 13.14% 30.21% 23.16%
Return on Assets (TTM) 11.5% 8.69% 7.91%
Return on Investment (TTM) 13.14% 19.76% 15.84%
Revenue per Employee (TTM) $111,578 $55,015 $66,896

One factor not shown in an analysis of ratios and numbers is how long a company has been around and the conditions they have weathered. Coca-Cola was founded in 1892 in Atlanta, Georgia. It has stayed in business through several wars, depressions, recessions, epidemics, pandemics, stock market crashes, and a global financial crisis. Not many companies can claim a history like that.

Additionally, a company's brand can add value to an investment. Coca-Cola has been providing beverages for a long time, and its logo is recognized worldwide.

So, an analyst can combine brand, longevity, growth above that of the beverages manufacturing industry, an above average price-to-earnings ratio, and good return on investment.

Coca-Cola has more debt than equity, but it also generates more returns using its assets than the rest of the industry. The company doesn't have as much liquidity as other companies, but it seems the industry hovers on pretty low quick ratios. More than 1.0 means a company can pay its short-term obligations quickly—so in general, most of the industry is low, but Coca-Cola has more than $1 billion in net cash flows, which gives it a lot of wriggle room.

An interesting measurement is how much revenue one employee generates. Coca-Cola employees generate about twice as much revenue as employees for comparative companies. This might warrant a deeper investigation into what Coca-Cola is doing differently. They may have invested in new technology or have much more efficient systems. Looking over press releases and reading company reports can provide insights into what the company is doing. It might also be that Coca-Cola simply sells more products than its competitors, so it's important to review any reports and releases and conduct a fundamental analysis carefully.

What Is Fundamental Analysis and Its Objective?

Fundamental analysis uses publicly available financial information and reports to determine whether a stock and the issuing company are valued correctly by the market.

What Are the Types of Fundamental Analysis?

There are two types of fundamental analysis, qualitative and quantitative.

What Are the 3 Layers of Fundamental Analysis?

When conducting an analysis, you start with economic analysis, then analyze the industry, then the company.

Why Is Fundamental Analysis Important?

Fundamental analysis allows you to see what the market value for a company should be. Many investors only look at the price a stock is currently trading at and what it has traded at instead of analyzing what lies behind the stock. A stock is issued by a company, so its overall performance is related to the financial performance of the company.

What Are the Tools for Fundamental Analysis?

Analysts use many tools. Some examples are financial reports, ratios from the reports, spreadsheets, charts, graphs, infographics, government agency reports on industries and the economy, and market reports.

The Bottom Line

Fundamental analysis is a valuation tool used by stock analysts to determine whether a stock is over- or undervalued by the market. It considers the economic, market, industry, and sector conditions a company operates in and its financial performance.

Financial ratios generated from financial reports and government industry and economic reports are used to valuate a company. Not every analyst uses the same tools or views stocks similarly—you might determine a stock is valued differently than another analyst. What's important is that the stock you analyze meets your criteria for value and that your analysis creates actionable information for you.

Wed, 11 May 2016 06:17:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.investopedia.com/terms/f/fundamentalanalysis.asp
Gold Price Forecast: Gold Test of Key Support Leads to Resistance Rally

Gold Talking Points:

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Gold prices have seen prices continue to slide this summer, with last week finally bringing on that test of key support in the 1700 area. While prices did test below $1700, they didn’t cross the swing-low from last-August. Instead, buyers stepped in just before that price could be tested and that’s so far led to a slingshot-like retracement. That support test happened last Thursday and that was followed by a strong bullish response into last week’s close.

Thursday price action closed the daily bar as a bullish engulf and Friday saw continuation as prices jumped straight into the first zone of resistance, an area plotted from Fibonacci levels at 1723-1733. So far through the weekly open that zone of resistance has helped to hold the highs but sellers haven’t exactly taken-advantage of the situation just yet.

Gold Daily Price Chart

gold daily price chart

Chart prepared by James Stanley; Gold on Tradingview

Gold Longer-Term

The trend in Gold since June and, bigger picture since April has been undeniably bearish. Gold tagged the $2,000 psychological level in mid-April and that weekly bar finished as a bearish engulf. Sellers then had two phases in the move, pushing down to 1785 support first which was followed by a four-week retracement, which was then followed by the sell-off in June that propelled prices down to key support.

The reason for pointing this out is the potential for a retracement after last week’s sell-off ran into such a significant spot of support.

While the bearish trend remains attractive and the rationale for that continuing remains in-force, the bigger question is one of sentiment. The bearish trend in Gold had moved into oversold territory on the daily chart on July 5th. And then for much of the next two weeks, RSI diverged as price action set lower-lows and RSI began to show higher-lows.

Now that we have the start of a retracement in that bearish move, the big question is for how long it might continue, and given technical context the door can remain open for prices to pullback to resistance at 1753 or perhaps even 1785 while remaining in the bigger-picture bearish trend.

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Gold Weekly Price Chart

gold weekly price chart

Chart prepared by James Stanley; Gold on Tradingview

Gold Shorter-Term

Was this pullback enough? Or is there more re-load to go before bears can take-over to the degree that a breach of support might come into the equation?

Well, given this week’s economic calendar it would certainly appear that there is ample potential. The Wednesday FOMC rate decision will be a big driver for macro markets and that includes both the US Dollar and Gold. But, there’s also a US GDP release on Thursday and on Friday, we get the Fed’s preferred inflation gauge of PCE. The expectation there is for an in-line print of 4.7% and that’s followed by the final read of University of Michigan Consumer Sentiment.

So, this week’s economic calendar is loaded and from that batch of headline risk certainly exists the potential for new themes to get priced-in here. From a technical perspective on Gold, a breach of resistance-turned-support at 1712 opens the door for a run down to 1700, after which bearish breakout potential remains, looking for a test of the August 2021 swing-low at 1677.9.

That support zone could remain a thorny area for price action as just below that 2021 swing-low is another swing at 1673.3. For both of those levels to get taken-out, we’ll likely need a forceful move in the US Dollar and this is something that can also show up in stocks and other macro asset classes; but it’s especially visible in Gold at the moment given the continued struggle at the Fed to tame inflation.

On the topside of Gold, a breach of resistance from 1723-1733 opens the door for a move up to the secondary resistance zone, plotted from 1751-1753 after which another confluent zone comes into the picture, plotted between Fibonacci levels at 1763 and 1771.

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Gold Four-Hour Price Chart

gold four hour price chart

Chart prepared by James Stanley; Gold on Tradingview

--- Written by James Stanley, Head of Education and Senior Strategist for DailyFX.com

Contact and follow James on Twitter: @JStanleyFX

Sun, 24 Jul 2022 19:30:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.dailyfx.com/forex/fundamental/daily_briefing/session_briefing/daily_fundamentals/2022/07/25/Gold-Price-Forecast-Gold-Test-of-Key-Support-Leads-to-Rally-to-Resistance.html
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